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Aa, Cornelis Johannes van der  

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1883; died 1950.

Painter. Urban landscapes.

Amsterdam, 5 June 1990: View of Rome with St Angel Castle and the Tiber (1925, oil on canvas, 25½ × 52¼ ins/65 × 132.5 cm) NLG 1,150

Article

Aa, Edith van der  

Dutch, 20th century, female.

Born in Cilacap (Java), Indonesia.

Painter. Portraits, still-lifes.

Edith van der Aa exhibited some still-lifes and her Portrait of A.H. Lemaître at the Paris Salon des Indépendants in the 1930s.

Article

Aae, Arvid  

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 July 1877, in Johannishus.

Painter. Portraits.

Having studied at the academy of art in Copenhagen in the last few years of the 19th century, Arvid Aae went on to specialise in painting portraits of children.

Article

Aagaard, Gunnar Andersen  

Danish, 20th century, male.

Born 1919.

Sculptor.

Copenhagen, 26 May 1987: Sculpture (1954, steel, 32¼ × 99½ ins/82 × 253 cm) DKK 6,000

Article

Aali, Halil  

Article

Aalto, Alvar  

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1898, in Kuortane; died 11 May 1976, in Helsinki.

Architect, designer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Models (furniture/glass).

Alvar Aalto was adamant that his experience as a painter was an indispensable adjunct to his profession as an architect, noting repeatedly that modern architecture had its roots in painting. As an architecture student, he took private lessons with the Finnish painter Eero Järnefelt. He moved in artistic circles and was frequently to be found in the company of the sculptor Wäinö Altonen and the painters Henry Ericsson and Eemu Myntti. For a period, he also worked as an art critic....

Article

Aaltonen, Vallio or Waïnö  

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1894, in Martilla (Swedish St Mårtens); died 30 May 1966, in Helsinki.

Painter, sculptor. Figures. Monuments.

Vallio Aaltonen studied at the school of painting of the Turku Artistic Association. He became a teacher and member of the academy of Finland, as well as an associate member of the art academies of Brazil and the USSR....

Article

Aarsleff, Carl Wilhem Oluf Peter  

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1852, in Nyborg.

Sculptor. Statues.

Initially a woodcarver, Carl Wilhelm Oluf Peter Aarsleff went on to study under Fjeldskov at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen from 1872 to 1876. In 1879 his statue of Telemachus, now in the museum of Odense, earned him a gold medal. He visited Paris, Greece and Italy, where he stayed for quite some time in Rome. His works can be seen in the art gallery of Copenhagen and at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. The art lover Jacobsen commissioned two reliefs which now adorn the façade of the latter. Aarsleff was also involved in the decoration of Copenhagen's law courts. He was appointed a member of the Kunstakademi of Copenhagen in ...

Article

Aarts, A.  

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Sculptor. Busts.

A. Aarts showed an ivory sculpture representing a Head of a Laughing Child at the Brussels Exhibition in 1897.

Article

Aarts, Johannes Josephus  

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1871, in The Hague; died 19 October 1934, in Amsterdam.

Engraver, lithographer.

Johannes Josephus Aarts studied at the school of fine art in The Hague and became professor in graphics at the art academy of Amsterdam.

He executed wood engravings and etchings....

Article

Aas, Niels  

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 April 1933, in Inderøy (Nord-Trøndelag); died 10 February 2004, in Oslo.

Sculptor.

Niels Aas was included in the Norwegian selection for the Paris Biennale des Jeunes (Biennale for Young Artists) in 1965.

Article

Aba-Novak, William  

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Bucharest.

Painter.

Together with the painters Karóly Patko, Pal Molnar, Bela Kadar and Robert Bérény, William Aba-Novak represented the Hungarian Neo-Realist trend.

Article

Abacco, Allazio de  

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Died 1941.

Painter, draughtsman. Figure compositions. Murals.

Allazio de Abacco spent some time in Rome. Influenced by German Expressionism in 1910, he was very active in Hungary between the wars producing murals for public spaces to publicise social schemes.

Article

Abacuc, Silvano Gilardi  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Turin.

Painter, engraver.

Surfata Group.

Abacuc was a member of the Surfata Group, founded in 1964, whose objectives involved using Surreal imagery. Using a meticulous and detailed technique he depicts masses of entrails out of which emerge human heads....

Article

Abad, Pacita  

Filipina, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 5 October 1946, in Basco, Batanes, the Philippines; died 7 December 2004, in Singapore.

Painter, draughtsman, collagist.

Born to a political family, Abad originally studied political science and law. As a student she organised protests against the fraudulent elections of 1969 that kept Ferdinand Marcos in office as president of the Philippines. As a result of her activism, Abad’s house was targeted, and she left the Philippines to continue her education in the USA. In 1973 she spent 12 months travelling through Asia, from Turkey to the Philippines. She later described how the clothing and adornments she observed on her travels would inspire her signature trapunto paintings. Returning home in 1974, Abad decided to become an artist.

Throughout her life Abad was an inveterate traveller. She was proud to say she had visited more than 100 countries. She lived or spent long periods in Washington, DC, New York, Boston, Bangladesh, Sudan, Bangkok, New Guinea, Indonesia, Singapore, and many other countries and regions. Her work was openly infused by what she saw and was detailed in the various books she made full of colourful drawings and collages. She believed that absorbing images and techniques from Korea, Indonesia, New Guinea, and other cultural settings would make her work globally comprehensible. Scuba diving also gave her immersive experiences which she sought to replicate in her work....

Article

Abades, Juan Martínez  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1862, in Gijón (Asturias); died 1920, in Madrid.

Painter, illustrator. History painting, portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

Juan Martínez Abades studied at the Escuela Especial de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado (school of painting, sculpture and engraving) in Madrid. While he was there he also took lessons from José Grajera. The award of a grant in ...

Article

Abadgian, Avietik  

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Moscow.

Born 1952, in Moscow.

Painter. Portraits.

Avietik Abadgian produces paintings in which restrained figures sketched with expansive brushstrokes emerge from a neutral background made up of different flat, wide areas. He has taken part in several national and international exhibitions....

Article

Abadie, Marie Renée  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 31 May 1947, in the Haute-Garonne.

Painter (mixed media).

Abadie has lived and worked in Paris since 1985, after art and sculpture studies in Toulouse. She also studied fresco techniques in Venice. In Paris, she has exhibited at the Salon de la Jeune Peinture in ...

Article

Abadie-Landel, Pierre  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 August 1896, in Paris; died 23 September 1972.

Painter, decorative designer. Genre scenes, seascapes.

Abadie-Landel was a pupil in the painting department of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris until 1917. He featured in numerous annual Parisian salons, such as the Salon des Artistes Français, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and Salon des Indépendants, through which he received various awards between ...

Article

Abakanowicz, Magdalena  

Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Falenty.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

A student at the academy of fine art in Warsaw between 1950 and 1955, Magdalena Abakanowicz taught at the fine arts college in Poznan from 1965 onwards. Initially a painter, she later took up sculpture and also began working with textiles in ...