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Aleksandrovich, Ljubomir  

Slav, 19th century, male.

Born 1828; died 1890, in Yugoslavia.


Aleksandrovich was reputed to be among the best Romantic draughtsmen and Slav colourists. He is noted for his painting of a Grape-picker and other portraits of women.


Bénard, Eugène Hubert  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 April 1834, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter. Genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Studied under Claude Jacquand and exhibited from 1857 to 1869. Painted somewhat romanticised scenes of London, medieval houses and canals, but adopted a more true-to-life approach in his rendering of seascapes and brightly lit fishing scenes....


Benrath, Frédéric  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Chatou.

Painter (including gouache).


Gérard studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulon from 1949 to 1952, and travelled to Germany the following year, where he was inspired by the Romanticism of Schloss Benrath (near Düsseldorf); his pseudonym combines the castle's name with Nietzsche's first name, Friedrich. He lives and works in Paris....


Bertrand, Louis, Called Aloysius  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 20 April 1807, in Ceva (Piedmont), to a French father and an Italian mother; died 29 April 1841, in Paris.


Louis, called Aloysius, was a Romantic poet, journalist, short-story writer and playwright. He spent his childhood in Dijon, where he was fascinated by the medieval churches and houses that still survived in this former capital of the Duchy of Burgundy; he was also enthusiastic about the engravings of Jacques Callot and the tales of Hoffmann. After various unsuccessful attempts at journalism, he went to Paris and struck up friendships with Sainte-Beuve, Victor Pavie and, above all, David d'Angers. He also knew the great Romantic writers such as Victor Hugo. His friends encouraged him to publish his prose poems, inspired by the Middle Ages and Dijon, that he entitled ...


Bertz, Marc Isaac  

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 27 February 1767, in Geneva; died 21 February 1830, in Geneva.


Bertz was the son of Jeanne Françoise Marguerite Esther. In 1789 he was romantically linked with Madeleine-Thérèse Rouz, wife of Louis Barette.


Bianchi, Achille  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1837, in Milan.


Studied under Cacciatori at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan, then in Florence and Rome; exhibited in Italy and abroad. In addition to sculpting classical and romantic motifs, Bianchi provided decorative sculptures for the tombs of the Lombardi brothers in Rome's Campo Verano and the tombs of his own mother and of the Puricellu family in Milan cemetery. Not least, he sculpted decorations for an altar table in the church of S. Maria delle Grazie in Brescia....


Birch, Marianne Elisa  

British, 19th century, female.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor.

Marianne Birch was the wife of the poet Alphonse de Lamartine. In 2003 she was represented at the exhibition Lamartine and the Romantic Landscape Around Paul Huet at the Museé des Ursulines and the Museé Lamartine at Mâcon....


Blythe, David Gilmour  

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 1815; died 1865.

Painter. Genre scenes, still-lifes.

David Gilmour Blythe was a self-taught painter, and it seems that the appearance of Romantic painting in Canada prompted him to become an artist. He painted mainly genre scenes of daily life in Canada in the 19th century....


Bodenhausen, Cuno von (Baron)  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1852, in Witzenhausen (Hesse).


Cuno von Bodenhausen studied under Lindenschmit at the Munich academy of art. He painted romantically inspired compositions: Hero and Leander, Virginia and Margarete.

New York, 7 and 8 Dec 1933: Margarete, USD 110

Los Angeles...


Bouchardy, Joseph  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1810, in Paris; died 1870, in Châtenay.

Engraver, dramatist.

A true romantic, Joseph Bouchardy called himself: Bouchardy Saltpetre Heart ( Bouchardy Cœur de salpêtre). He engraved several plates after Géricault, Paul Delaroche and Lorentz.


Boulanger, Marie Élisabeth  

French, 19th century, female.

Born 1809; died after 1875.

Painter. History painting, portraits, genre scenes.

Better known for her brilliant passage through the romantic world and for the portrait of her executed by Ingres than for her works, Marie Boulanger studied under Camille Roqueplan and, using the name Marie Monchablon, was a strong presence in the studios of the ‘...


Bruni, Fedor Antonovich  

Russian, 19th century, male.

Born 1801, in Milan, Italy; died 1875, in St Petersburg.

Draftsman, painter, engraver, etcher. Historical subjects, religious subjects.

Active in Rome 1819–1841.

Born in Milan, Fedor Bruni moved to Russia with his family in 1808, where his father worked as a decorative artist at Tsarskoe Selo. The next year he began studying at the school of the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg, where he studied alongside Karl Briullov and Aleksandr Ivanov with the leading teachers Aleksei Egorov, Vasilii Shebuev, and Andrei Ivanov. After ranking second in the Academy’s gold medal competition in ...


Carus, Carl Gustav  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1789, in Leipzig; died 1869, in Dresden.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

Carus was a true Romantic - a doctor, professor of gynaecology, botanist, writer and aesthetic theorist. He illustrated his theories himself, and was one of the most important representatives of the school of German Romantic landscape painting. He became an honorary member of the academy of fine art in Dresden. Unfortunately, many of his most representative works (along with several works by other painters of the movement) were destroyed in the fire at the ...


Cauer, Robert, the Elder  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1831, in Dresden; died 1893, in Kassel.

Sculptor. Figures, portraits.

A son of Emil Cauer the Elder, he worked in Bad Kreuznach. His work reflects a number of themes popular in classical poetry and romanticism: Sleeping Beauty, Snow White, Puss in Boots...


Cesetti, Giuseppe  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1902, in Tuscania (Tuscany); died 1990.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Cesetti was self-taught. His narrative style derived from a decorative romanticism. He taught at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice.

Milan, 10 Dec 1970...


Chavard, Auguste  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1810; died 1885.


Perhaps surprisingly, given his notably Romantic style, Chavard was enrolled in the studio of Ingres. His work is little known, partly due to the fact that his canvases were closely guarded by his family following his death. The serene, rather mysterious atmosphere of some of his interiors is reminiscent of Vuillard. Other works are characterised by the use of bold, translucent colours....



Belgian, 19th century, male.


Debiefve was a pupil of David d'Angers. As a decorative artist he was one of those Belgian painters who fell half way between the classical approach of the Navez School and burgeoning Romanticism. His large compositions such as The Nobles' Compromise...


Du Faget, Jean François Scipion  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1776, in Les Vans (Ardèche).

Painter, copyist. Genre scenes.

A canvas in the museum in Nancy, Romantic Conversation in a Park, signed J.D.F.f., is often attributed to Jean du Faget, but also to Fragonard. Jean du Faget was chiefly a copyist, but he also did original watercolours and painting on glass, and worked at the Sèvres porcelain manufactory....


Gandy, Joseph Michael  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 25 December 1771, in London; died 1843, in Devon, in a lunatic asylum.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views.


Joseph Michael Gandy studied architecture at the Royal Academy of Art. He was sent on a study trip to Rome but returned to London in ...


Gemelli, Bonaventura  

German (?), 19th century, male.

Born 1798; died 1863.


Nazarenes group (associated).

The sole mention of this artist is in a work by Marcel Brion, who likens him to Jacob Asmus Carstens in his romantic treatment of classical subjects. Gemelli was associated with the Nazarenes, a group of artists assembled by Johann Friedrich Overbeck at the disused monastery of San Isodoro in Rome, and who shared a deep attachment to the values of the Italian Renaissance. He lived with the Nazarenes for some time, and painted mainly mythological or fabulous subjects, but also touched on medieval themes, such as the life of a witch, or the passion of the artist figure. Gemelli's work evokes the romanticism of nature treated in the classical style of painters of the School of Fontainebleau....