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dual British/French nationality, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 4 March 1961, in Paris, to a French mother and an English father.


Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Anthony Freestone has described his work thus: 'My pictures are like a game of dominos in which the pieces are dispersed at the start of the game and gradually joined together in various combinations.' He blends historical, everyday and personal references, not actually creating any of the images used but reproducing them with a copyist's care. Examples include medieval miniatures, classical paintings, naive illustrations, Scottish tartans, advertising logos, photographs yellowed with age and geographical maps, all of which are brought into correlation by serving as pieces representing landmarks in his own personal history....


British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...


German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1965.

Born 12 August 1936, in Cologne.

Environmental artist, installation artist, photomontage artist.

Conceptual Art, Art Sociologique (Sociological Art), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Hans Haacke studied at different art schools, notably the school of fine art in Kassel, after which a bursary enabled him to travel to France and the USA, where he settled in ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Ann Arbor (Michigan); died 1997.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Charles Huebler studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art at the University of Michigan, then at the Académie Julian, Paris. Like numerous young American artists who, despite the wave of Pop Art, remained loyal to Abstract art, his research led him, in terms of his early work, to 'minimal art'; his main preoccupation seemed to be gigantic dimensions. But in less than three years he switched to work which was more or less equivalent to Conceptual Art, and ultimately became one of its leading exponents, along with Joseph Kosuth, Sol Lewit, Robert Barry and Lawrence Weiner. His Conceptual Art enquiries focused on 'interpreting' the range of life of forms in multiple signs and places, rather than the internalising or integrity of objects typical of the 'minimalist' genre....


British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958.

Painter. Figures.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Simon Linke has shown his work in solo exhibitions in London. For several years he made scrupulous oil paintings of the advertisements that appeared in the summer 1975 edition of the American art magazine ...


Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Budapest.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, mixed media, performance artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Gyula Pauer lives and works in Budapest. In 1958, he was a student at the school of decorative arts. He often uses photographs and film in his works, the range of which is very divers. The titles of many of these works start with the suffix ...


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born in Catalonia.

Painter, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Perejaume held solo exhibitions of his work in Barcelona and Lisbon in 1992 and at the Museu de Arte Contemporáneo in Barcelona in 1999.

He asks questions about nature and art, originals and copies, particularly in works where he stages paintings, his photographic reproductions or his written descriptions....


German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1932, in Dresden.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, photographer. Murals.

Conceptual Art, Citationism, Appropriation Art.

Capitalist Realism Group.

Gerhard Richter trained as a painter-decorator and publicity artist in Zittau in 1948 before going on to study from 1951 to 1956 at the fine arts academy in Dresden, where he took classes in painting and, in particular, fresco work. Although Germany was still partitioned at the time, he managed to flee East Germany in 1961. He settled in Düsseldorf and enrolled at the city’s fine arts academy, where he studied under K.O. Götz. His circle of friends included Sigmar Pole, Konrad Lueg (who would go on to operate the Konrad Fischer gallery) and Blinky Palermo. Richter travelled to New York in the company of the latter in 1970. Since 1971, Gerhard Richter has taught at the fine arts academy in Düsseldorf, living and working in nearby Cologne since 1983. He was awarded the Arnold Bode Prize in Kassel in 1981 and the Oskar Kokoschka Prize in Vienna in 1985....