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Article

Brown, Ford Madox  

British, 19th century, male.

Born 16 April 1821, in Calais, France, to British parents; died October 1893, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite (forerunner).

Ford Madox Brown's father, a senior officer on half pay in the British navy, settled on the continent. The boy showed a talent for drawing from his early youth. He was to work in many European towns including Bruges, Ghent and particularly Antwerp where he became the pupil of Baron Wappers, who had studied with David. The early years of Brown's career were interrupted by the deaths of first his mother, then one of his sisters. This was followed by his father falling ill and needing much care from his son. The state of health of Brown's new young wife was subsequently to cause him further anxiety. They left Paris, where Brown had been living for four years, for the warmer climate of Italy but less than a year later, in 1845, his wife, who felt lost and unhappy in Italy, wished to return to Calais. She died in the carriage as it crossed Paris....

Article

Dyce, William  

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1806, in Aberdeen; died 15 February 1864, in Streatham.

Painter, engraver, fresco artist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite (related to).

William Dyce, the son of a doctor, was a pupil at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he obtained his diploma at the age of 16. Afterwards, he followed courses at the academies of London and Edinburgh. In ...

Article

Hughes, Arthur  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 January 1832, in London; died 22 December 1915.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes.

Pre-Raphaelite.

Arthur Hughes was a prominent member of the Pre-Raphaelite school. He enrolled at the Royal Academy Schools in ...

Article

Hunt, William Holman  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 April 1827, in London; died 7 September 1910, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite.

William Holman Hunt worked in London as an office clerk from 1839 (when he was just 12 years old) until 1843. He entered the Royal Academy Schools on his third attempt, in 1844, and trained alongside John Everett Millais. He exhibited his first painting with the Royal Academy in 1845. Holman Hunt's earliest works announced his lifelong fascination with literary subjects, such as the ...

Article

Solomon, Rebecca  

British, 19th century, female.

Born 26 September 1832, in London; died 20 November 1886, in London.

Painter. History painting, portraits, genre scenes, religious themes.

Pre-Raphaelite.

Rebecca Solomon was the seventh child of Michael Solomon and Catherine Levy, a prosperous Jewish merchant couple that lived in the Bishopsgate district of London. Rebecca’s brothers, Abraham and Simeon, also became artists. Around 1846, Solomon trained at the Spitalfields School of Design. She worked as an assistant and copyist to her older brother Abraham until his premature death in 1862.

In the mid-1850s, Solomon transitioned her artistic approach to classical and historical painting. Her work centres on subject matters pertaining to mainstream tastes often about history or literature, as is depicted in Peg Woffington’s Visit to Triplet (1860) and The Claim for Shelter (1869). As an activist of contemporary social reform movements, Solomon joined a group of women artists to petition the Royal Academy of Art to accept women into their institution in ...