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Article

Boswell, James  

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Born 9 June 1906, in Westport; died 15 April 1971, in London.

Painter, printmaker, graphic designer.

Artists' International Association, London Group.

James Boswell came to England to study at London's Royal Academy in 1925. In 1933 he joined the Communist Party and became a founder member of the ...

Article

Boyd, Arthur Merric Bloomfield  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1959 active in England.

Born 1920, in Murrumbeena, near Melbourne; died 24 April 1999.

Painter, pastellist, lithographer, potter. Allegorical subjects, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Antipodean Group.

Arthur Merrick Bloomfield Boyd was born into a family three generations of which were potters and painters. He is said to have received advice from his grandfather, landscape painter Arthur Merric Boyd Sr. His father, Merric Boyd, was a potter. Arthur Boyd himself started very young to draw, paint and model. From 1930 he was already painting landscapes and portraits. In the middle of the 1940s he was active as a ceramicist. He moved more or less definitively to England in 1959, joining Sidney Nolan and the group of Australian emigrants....

Article

Brack, John or Cecil John  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Melbourne; died 11 February 1999.

Painter, lithographer.

Antipodean group.

Brack studied at the National Gallery and the Victoria Art School. He drew his inspiration from urban life, which he depicted realistically but with a hint of irony. In the 1950s, he created modern variations of famous 19th-century French paintings by Manet, Degas and Seurat. Having denounced the rituals and customs of modern Australian society in the 1950s, he focused his attention on unusual objects in the 1960s, as can be seen in the series of pictures of shop windows displaying medical instruments. In ...

Article

Brodzky, Horace  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 30 January 1885, in Kew (Melbourne); died 11 February 1969, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, stage set designer, engraver (etching, linocut), illustrator, writer, critic. Scenes with figures, portraits.

London Group.

Horace Brodzky was born in Australia but ultimately settled in Britain. In ...

Article

Buckland-Wright, John  

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active in Europe from 1926 to 1939.

Born 3 December 1897, in Dunedin; died 1954.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

London Group.

Buckland-Wright illustrated many works, including the Sonnets of J. Keats, The Masque of the Red Death by Edgar Allan Poe, Stendhal's ...

Article

Coleing, Anthony John  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Warrnambool (Victoria).

Painter, printmaker, sculptor.

Tony Coleing studied at the National School of Art in Sydney and continued his training in England. In 1964, he travelled in Europe and exhibited in London. In 1968, back in Sydney, he began exhibiting his colourful sculptures regularly....

Article

Counihan, Noel Jack  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 October 1913, in Melbourne; died 5 July 1986, in Melbourne.

Painter, printmaker, cartoonist, caricaturist. Figures, portraits.

Noel Counihan took classes at the National Gallery School in 1930, but was mainly self-taught. During the 1930s he contributed to the Melbourne Argus...

Article

Coventry, Frederick Halford  

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active in Britain.

Born 19 January 1905, in Cheltenham, New Zealand; died 1997, in London.

Painter, engraver, fresco artist, watercolourist, poster designer.

Frederick Coventry studied at evening classes in New Zealand and Australia. He painted in oils and watercolour. He also painted frescoes, produced copper engravings and designed posters. During World War II, he made independent submissions to the War Artists Advisory Committee. He became a member of the Society of Mural Painters in ...

Article

Curtis, James Waltham  

Australian, 19th century, male.

Born 1839, in Devonshire; died 1901.

Painter, illustrator. Scenes with figures, animals, landscapes.

James Waltham Curtis worked as an illustrator on the Graphic and Sketcher before settling in Melbourne in the 1850s. He worked as a photo retoucher at Johnstone, O'Shannessy and Co. and contributed illustrations to the ...

Article

Driffield, Rebecca  

Australian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 1959, in Melbourne.

Painter, engraver, collage artist. Figure compositions, figures.

From 1970 to 1973, Rebecca Driffield studied at Swineburne College in Melbourne, graduating with a fine arts degree. In 1974, she studied engraving at Camden Art College in London. In ...

Article

Feint, Adrian  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 28 June 1894, in Narrandera (New South Wales); died 25 April 1971, in Sydney.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers.

Adrian Feint studied under Julian Ashton and Elioth Gruner at Sydney School of Art. In 1916 he joined the Australian Imperial Force and was sent to the Western Front. He was granted three months leave in ...

Article

Foley, Fiona  

Australian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1964, in Maryborough (Queensland).

Painter, engraver, sculptor.

Fiona Foley is an Aboriginal from the Wondunna clan of the Badtjala people. She studied at Sydney College of the Arts and Sydney University. She was a founding member of Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Cooperative in Sydney in ...

Article

Friend, Donald Stuart Leslie  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Sydney; died 1989, in Woollahra, Sydney.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, printmaker. Scenes with figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes.

Donald Friend is known for his picturesque scenes of military life and for paintings inspired by jazz music. He studied at the Royal School of Art in Sydney. He lived in London for a number of years and in ...

Article

Garrett, Thomas Balfour  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 December 1879, in Hobart (Tasmania); died 27 August 1952, in Asquith (New South Wales).

Painter, watercolourist, monotype artist. Genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Canberra (Nat. Gal. of Australia): The Mill by Moonlight (1930s, monotype...

Article

Hawkins, Weaver  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 28 August 1893, in Sydenham, London; died 13 August 1977, in Willoughby (New South Wales).

Painter, printmaker. Landscapes, figures, portraits.

Weaver Hawkins studied briefly at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts before joining the Queen's Westminster Rifles at the outbreak of World War I. He was injured while serving on the Western Front, losing the use of his right hand and severely damaging the other. After the war he studied at Westminster Technical Institute and School of Art and took etching classes with Sir Frank Short. He married fellow painter Rene Villiers in ...

Article

Haxton, Elaine Alys  

Australian, 20th century, female.

Born 26 September 1909, in Newmarket, Melbourne; died 6 July 1999, in Adelaide.

Painter, printmaker, illustrator, designer. Landscapes, seascapes.

Elaine Alys Haxton studied at East Sydney Technical College from 1924 to 1928. While still a student, she worked as an advertising illustrator and designer. In 1932 she travelled to London where she contributed illustrations to ...

Article

Heysen, Hans (Sir)  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1877, in Hamburg, Germany; died 2 July 1968, in Mount Barker, South Australia.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Hans Heysen's father emigrated from Hamburg to Southern Australia, where he was joined by his wife and five children. Hans left school at the age of 14 and went to work in an ironmongery while studying part-time in James Ashton's Norwood Art School in Adelaide. He was supported financially by a number of businessmen who enabled him to visit Europe, including England, during the years 1899 to 1903. He studied in Paris at the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts before returning to Australia, where he settled in Hahndorf, a village near Adelaide founded by German immigrants....

Article

Hinder, Frank  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 26 May or June 1906, in Summer Hill, Sydney; died 31 December 1992.

Painter, lithographer. Scenes with figures.

Frank Hinder began his art studies in Australia but then decided to go the USA, and continued his artistic training in Chicago, New York and New Mexico. He remained in the USA from ...

Article

Lanceley, Colin  

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active in England from 1965.

Born 6 January 1938, in Dunedin; died 30 January 2015, in Sydney.

Sculptor, painter, engraver, draughtsman, mixed media.

Colin Lanceley spent his childhood and youth in Australia, where his family moved from New Zealand in ...

Article

Lever, Richard Hayley  

Australian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1911 then naturalised in the USA.

Born 28 September 1876, in Adelaide; died 1958.

Painter, engraver. Seascapes.

Richard Hayley Lever settled in the USA in 1911. He trained in Paris and England, where he frequented the St Ives Group and began painting seascapes, a genre with which he later achieved widespread renown. His reputation was quickly established after his arrival in America, and his work featured in numerous exhibitions prior to the Wall Street Crash of 1929. He obtained American citizenship and taught at the Art Students' League from 1919 to 1931. He was the winner of the Carnegie Foundation prize in 1914. His early work was profoundly influenced by that of Vincent van Gogh....