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Italian, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1420, in Perugia; died 8 July 1496, in Perugia.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Perugian School.

In the 15th century the artists of Perugia were influenced both by the naturalism and feeling for light that is characteristic of the Florentines and the decorative elegance of the Sienese. Bonfigli, who was at the Vatican at the same time as Fra Angelico, in ...


German, 15th century, male.

Born probably in Erfurt.


Erfurt School.

Master I. lived in Erfurt from 1405 to 1430 and worked in Thuringia. He founded a new school which sought Realism. His earliest work was the Christ Crucified of St Michael's church in Erfurt, which was followed by the three statues, ...


Austrian, 15th century, male.

Active in Salzburg fromc.1440 to 1460.


Conrad Laib was also known by the name of Pfenning, after an inscription on a panel of the Crucifixion which is in the museum in Vienna. He painted in the realist style, highlighting the subtleties of materials, in, for example, the heavy folds of woollen fabric, the glistening of gold braid and the reflection of polished armour. His treatment of anatomy sometimes tended towards exaggeration; the expressions of his subjects were unusually intense, and he favoured darker hues....


French, 13th century, male.

Active in Chartres at the beginning of the 13th century.


This sculptor carved a series of four large heads of kings for the right porch of the north transept of Chartres Cathedral. The realism of these heads, which are difficult to identify, is highly expressive and they harmonise with the rest of the decoration of the north porch....


Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1469, in Montelupo, near Florence; died c. 1535, in Lucca.

Sculptor, architect.

Florentine School.

The father of Raffaele da Montelupo, Baccio da Montelupo's early work is rooted in Quattrocento naturalism; later he became one of the most eminent representatives of the Renaissance, creating a new style of crucifix. His works are to be found in the churches of Arezzo, Bologna and Venice, and the Jacquemart-André Museum in Paris has a ...


Japanese, 13th century, male.

Born before 1185; died after 1265.


Nobuzane was son of the painter Takanobu. Like his father he was a middle-ranking courtier and a poet and he continued in the Realist style used by his father. He had a great reputation as a portrait painter, depicting people either living or dead, singly or in groups. His art is denoted by the term ...