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British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1779, in London; died 1851, in Philadelphia.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, winter landscapes, seascapes, naval battles.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Birch settled in the United States around 1793 and initially painted portraits. He later moved on to the depiction of scenes from the ...


American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Chestertown (Maryland); died 24 May 1831, in Philadelphia.

Painter. History painting, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Miniatures.

Hudson River School.

James Peale the Elder was the pupil of his brother, Charles Willson Peale. He worked in Philadelphia from 1783 onwards. Having worked as a cabinet-maker, and served in the Continental Army during the Revolution, he settled in Philadelphia, where he specialised in miniatures until his sight failed. He was one of the so-called naive painters, in spite of the training he had received from his brother....