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Agostino D'antonio di Duccio  

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1418, in Florence; died before 1498, in Perugia.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Florentine School, Perugian School.

The son of the weaver Antonio di Duccio, Agostino d'Antonio di Duccio produced works in marble and terracotta of the Della Robbia type. His earliest known works are four low reliefs in Modena Cathedral. While living in Florence in ...


Alaux, Joseph  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1728, in Lautrec (Tarn); died probably, in Lautrec (Tarn).

Painter, decorative artist, tapestry maker.

Alaux's father was Pierre Alaux, a master tapestry maker, and his grandfather was Gilles Alaux, a master sculptor.


Alaux, Pierre  

French, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1690, in Montauban (Tarn-et-Garonne); died before 1753.

Tapestry maker.

Alaux was the son of the master sculptor Gilles Alaux.


Albers, Anni  

maiden name: Fleischmann

German, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 12 June 1899, in Berlin; died 10 May 1994, in Orange (Connecticut), USA.

Draughtswoman, textile designer, printmaker.

Having studied in Berlin and Hamburg, Anni Albers went on to study at the Bauhaus from 1922 to 1930. She married Josef Albers and became an assistant teacher at a weaving workshop. In 1933, the two emigrated to the USA, founding the art department at Black Mountain College, a newly established liberal arts school in North Carolina. In 1949, Anni and Josef moved to New Haven (Connecticut) where he served as chair for the design department at Yale University.

As early on as her first teaching post at the Bauhaus, where she ran technical classes, she taught students to combine natural and synthetic materials in weaving, saying: ‘The material determines its own limits in the face of the tasks imposed by the imagination.’ After emigrating to the USA, she continued to teach this philosophy at Black Mountain College and was thus part of the considerable influence exerted by the college on the artistic movement that would go on to become the American School of the 1940s. Challenging historical distinctions between high and low art forms, she carved out space for fibre arts within the discourse of fine art. Her pedagogical approach not only integrated art, craft, and industry, but also emphasised the cultivation of moral character, self-sufficiency, and independence from machinery....


Amer, Ghada  

Egyptian, 20th — 21st century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 1963, in Cairo.

Draughtswoman, embroiderer.

Ghada Amer grew up in Paris. She studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nice before traveling to the USA where she attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. She lives and works in both New York and Paris.

Amer is best known for her embroidered canvases, a subversive practice she adopted during her studies in Nice, unable to enroll in painting classes reserved exclusively for her male counterparts. Amer first used embroidery, a craft traditionally associated with women’s labour, to depict feminine stereotypes in banal domestic scenes, commercial advertising, and Disney cartoons. In 1992 she made a bold move to incorporate pornographic imagery into her work, claiming feminine sexuality as a site of empowerment. Complex sequential overlapping images of women arousing themselves are visible only when one approaches the canvas; at a distance, they merge into a colourful textured weave. Her work is often regarded as feminist, with the domestic symbolism of her needlework creating an intimate, autonomous female arena in which women please themselves....


Anthéaume, Baptiste  

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1700.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Baptiste Anthéaume made a set of furniture for embroiderers and upholsterers.


Antonello di Capua  

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Naples in the middle of the 15th century.

Painter, embroiderer.

In 1472, Antonello di Capua executed chamber paintings for King Alphonse I. The following year he carried out work for the Duchess of Termoli.


Atkinson, Conrad  

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in California.

Born 1940, in Cleator Moor (West Cumbria).

Painter, ceramicist, print artist, film maker, photographer. Textiles.

Conrad Atkinson graduated from Carlisle College of Art (1961), Liverpool College of Art (1962) and the Royal Academy Schools in London (...


Audenrith, Johann Heinrich  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 8 April 1816, in Siegritz (district of Ebermannstadt); died 13 April 1896.

Watercolourist, draughtsman. Urban landscapes.

An amateur artist, Audenrith was first a weaver, then a worker in a wire factory in Nuremberg. He was only able to practise his art in his spare time, but nonetheless produced some fine work, reproducing the picturesque beauty of Nuremberg with a great sense of realism. His paintings are preserved in the city's art collection. A selection of his paintings were published as lithographs by W. Biede in ...


Auerbach, Lisa Anne  

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Active in Los Angeles.

Born 1967, in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Photographer, textile artist (knit), zine writer, publisher. Sociopolitical themes.

Lisa Anne Auerbach graduated with a BFA in photography from Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York in 1990 and went on to receive her MFA from the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California in 1994.

Upon completing her studies and losing access to a darkroom, Auerbach began knitting as an inexpensive and expressive medium. After attending a Cheap Trick concert she became envious of guitarist Rick Nielsen’s custom statement sweaters and decided she needed to make her own. This launched Auerbach’s career as a textile artist and she began making sweater-skirt combinations with sociopolitical statements across the front and back such as ‘When there is nothing left to burn / Set yourself on fire,’ ‘What’s all this talk of dying for revolution? / You have to live for it,’ and ‘My Jewish grandma is voting for Obama, is yours? / Chosen People Choose Obama.’...


Baerens, Magdalene Margrethe  

Danish, 18th century, female.

Born 30 September 1737, in Copenhagen; died 7 June 1808.

Painter, embroiderer. Flowers.

Magdalene Baerens' talent for flower painting won her the patronage of both Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark and Catherine II, Empress of Russia. She was appointed a member of the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen in ...


Baerwind, Rudi  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Mannheim; died 12 November 1982, in Mannheim.

Painter, sculptor. Designs for stained glass, tapestries, murals.

After a standard education Baerwind studied at the academies in Berlin and Munich before studying at the Académie Ranson in Paris in 1932...


Bailleul, Baudouin or Baudecon de  

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Active in Arrasc.1419.

Painter. Designs for carpets.

Flemish School.

Baudouin Bailleul carried out the painting work in the council chamber of the ducal palace at Arras. A painter of the same name supplied Philip the Good with carpet patterns in ...


Baran, Edward  

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active since 1966 active in France.

Born 13 February 1934, in Lesko.

Painter, weaver. Figures.

In the 1960s, Baran was a pupil at the academy of fine arts in Warsaw. He studied landscape painting and trained in the weaving studio. He was influenced by French painters from Bonnard to De Staël, but especially by Cézanne's conception of space. An admirer of Bayeux tapestry, he has a sort of haziness in his graphic execution reminiscent of embroidery. Edward Baran had a solo exhibition in Beauvais (...


Bataille, Nicolas  

French, 14th century, male.

Born c. 1330; died c. 1405.


Between 1375 and 1381 Nicolas Bataille made a series of tapestries showing scenes from the apocalypse. Based on drawings by Jean de Bondolf, they were intended to decorate Louis I of Anjou's castle in Angers. Originally consisting of 105 scenes, 70 still survive. The Angers ...


Baudouin, Pierre  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1921; died January 1971, in La Celle-St-Cloud.

Painter, hand-weaver. Designs for tapestries.

A master loom setter, Pierre Baudouin taught mural art at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aubusson. He is particularly well known for his collaboration with Picasso, Le Corbusier, Calder, Estève, Masson, Arp and Ernst....


Bedin, Martine  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...


Behrens, Peter  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...


Bellaguet, Andrée  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 23 April 1940, in Hyères.

Painter, decorative designer. Designs for carpets, designs for jewellery.

Andrée Bellaguet studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, where she won the first prize for painting.

She has created decorative works, particularly in 1972 for Claude Parent's architecture of inclined plains. Her murals, paintings and reliefs can be found on various public buildings in Paris, Épernay, Créteil and Giens. She has also designed carpets and baroque-style jewellery....


Berger, Mathieu  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 28 March 1807, in Guillotière near Lyons; died, in Lyons.


Studied under Grobon and Thierriat at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons from 1823 to 1827. Worked as a textile designer in Lyons and exhibited at the Lyons Salon from ...