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Danish, 19th century, male.

Born 2 April 1805, in Odense; died 4 August 1875, in Copenhagen.

Writer, graphic artist, creator of silhouettes and collages.

The author of the Fairytales and the Picture Book Without Pictures proved, on occasion, to be a gifted engraver. He left delicate silhouettes of girls, cupids and swans beneath the trees. He also decorated screens with collages....


Polish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Poland and in France from 1980.

Born 17 January 1948, in Bierna.

Painter (including mixed media), poster artist, architect. Frescoes.

Antoni Bachur followed courses in drawing and painting between 1968 and 1972, when he was taught by Kryzanowski, Czajka and Michalowski in Wroclaw. Having graduated in architecture in Wroclaw, he was a pupil of Jean Prouvé in Paris ...


Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Torre del Greco (Naples).

Painter (mixed media).

Bruno de Bello employs a complex collage technique comprising painting and photographic material.

Milan, 6 April 1976: For Publication by Madame Lissitsky (1970, photography/canvas, 47¼ × 39¼ ins/120 × 100 cm) ...


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 February 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, graphic artist.

Nayland Blake studied at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, receiving his BFA there. In 1984 he obtained a MFA from the California Institute of Arts in Valencia, CA. Blake is a conceptual artist, concentrating primarily on themes of racial, sexual and personal identities, with emphasis on the threat of AIDS and the gay identity. His early works, such as ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Salem (Arkansas); died 25 May 1994.

Draughtsman, painter, graphic artist, assemblage artist, illustrator, set designer.

Joe Brainard was born in Salem but grew up in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where his family had moved when he was still a young boy. His father was an amateur painter and draughtsman and his grandfather a poet, and Brainard's artistic talent showed early when he began winning local competitions. In high school he met the aspiring poets Ron Padgett and Dick Gallup, with whom he founded ...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Berlin.


Pop Art.

Initially, K.P. Brehmer's work was formally very close to American Pop Art to the extent that he produced collages based on everyday objects, excerpts from the media and photographic or mechanical reproduction techniques to arrive at a distorted image of today's world and the consumer society. Subsequently, however, his work acquired more pronounced political undertones by the interpolation of two key elements - postage stamps and fragments of geopolitical maps. Brehmer also worked in cinema, directing films which focused on the problem of perception....


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1959.

Painter (mixed media).

Christine Canetti's abstract compositions are often an offshoot of Art Informel, although they also feature arbitrary graphic symbols. She exhibited from 1983 to 1991 at the Salon de Montrouge, the Salon Confrontation in Paris, the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, and at the Cannes Biennale; and has also exhibited solo in Paris and Barcelona....


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 February 1958.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Stage sets.

Olivier de Cayron is a self-taught painter whose work betrays the influence of Pollock, Dubuffet and, on occasion, Michaux. In 1985, he was one of the co-founders of the ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born c. 1910.

Mixed media.

Kinetic Art.

Chomette was the instigator of the earliest experiments in Kinetic art, using cinematographic techniques. Titles such as Interplay of Reflections and Speed ( Jeux de reflets et de la vitesse) refer to the Futurist paintings of Umberto Boccioni....


Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1963 and naturalised in France from 1971.

Born 13 January 1930, in Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine); died 19 January 1996, in Paris.

Collage artist, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, director.

Roman Cieslewicz was a pupil at the academy of fine arts in Cracow, in the studios of Zbigniew Pronaszko and Czeslaw Rzepinski. He later entered the poster studios of J. Karolak and M. Makarewicz, receiving his poster studio diploma in ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Antwerp.

Painter, sculptor, watercolourist, graphic designer, mixed media.

Albert Debois studied at the Institut des Arts Décoratifs in Antwerp from 1954-1957 and then under Octave Landuyt at the Ghent state college from 1957-1959.

His work evolved from painting to relief. His painting period came to an end in ...


Moroccan, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 26 April 1934, in El Jadida.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer, collage artist, film maker.

André Elbaz studied at Rabat's school of graphic art while at the same time taking drama classes at the city's theatre school. He began experimenting with collage while making posters for his theatre group, Mazagan, in El Jadida. Following a trip to France in ...


Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1934.

Born 9 November 1915, in Timisoara; died 11 April 2005, in Grisy-lès-Plâtres (Val-d'Oise), France.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Landscapes, figures. Comic cartoons, stage costumes and sets.

André Farkas studied at the school of art in Budapest. He arrived in France in ...


French, 20th century, male.

Sculptor, collage artist.

Henri Foucault has specialised in photograms since 1991, using metal filament to draw white figures on to photographic paper exposed to the light, necessarily working within a very short time frame. He assembles his forms and arranges his volumes on large panels or uses them as models for some of his sculptures. To produce these, he explores a range of materials including carpeting, blotting paper and vinyl. He showed his work in solo exhibitions in ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1945, in Aurillac (Cantal).

Painter, lithographer, poster artist, mixed media. Figures, nudes. Designs for tapestries.

Michel Four studied at the École des Beaux-Arts de Paris from 1964 to 1967, and produced many mural decorations. His early work is in an abstract yet materialist style, drawing on the volcanic Auvergne region, the colours of its stones and the physical sensations which it induces. Later, in ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 April 1944, in Duffel.

Installation artist, performance artist, painter, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Filip Francis initially used traditional graphic schemes, but then saw that film and video were better suited to his performances. As his methods of experimentation are different in every case, they can only be interpreted during the course of his personal journey; Francis himself considers that they constitute his diary. His fundamental aim is to highlight the concept of space-time. According to some commentators, his performances contain a certain humour: for example, either during live action, or recalled through film or video, he wrote the same number, the same word or the same insult in different languages, over a predetermined space of time; ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 October 1945, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media).

Sidney Francis has developed a very distinctive technique. He uses images, which he arranges in photographic montages, as the inspiration for his work, and creates a strangely hallucinatory, poetic atmosphere. He calls his finished products Chronographismes, as they are intended to express the passing of time....


Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Fortaleza.

Painter, installation artist. Multimedia.

José Guedes is a self-taught artist and lives and works in Fortaleza. He uses photographic images and video in his work. In the video installation he showed at the Capc, Musée d'Art Contemporain in Bordeaux in ...


Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1913; died 1967.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media).

Wim de Haan, starting from an Abstract composition, employs a sort of esoteric, graphic, painted sign language, like undecrypted primitive ideograms. He continues the line from Paul Klee, Miró and Julius Bissier.