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Article

Bachelier, Jean-Jacques  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1724, in Paris; died 13 April 1806, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, writer and administrator. Religious subjects, portraits, animals, still-lifes (including flowers, fruit, game), cats, decorative motifs.

Jean-Jacques Bachelier was a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Pierre. He later became the director of painting at the Manufacture de Sèvres (Sèvres Porcelaine Factory), and founded the École Royale Gratuite de Dessin, an independent school of industrial arts, where he worked very successfully as a painter of flowers and still-lifes. The school, intended for young artisans aspiring to make a living in the applied arts, taught ornamental design, architecture, and the drawing of the human figure, animals and plants. He also tried his hand at biblical subjects. His works include: ...

Article

Bainville, Charles  

French, 18th century, male.

Born in Paris; died 1745.

Painter, poet.

Article

Bärenstecher, Jakob Gottlieb  

German, 18th century, male.

Painter, poet.

Article

Beaumont, George Howland (Sir)  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 6 November 1753, in Dunmow (Essex); died 7 February 1827, in Cole Orton.

Painter, watercolourist, poet. Landscapes.

Sir George Beaumont was an early 19th century English art patron; he counts among the founders of the National gallery for which he had actively campaigned and to which he donated 16 of his major paintings. He proved a discerning friend of the arts and artists. Friend and protector of Richard Wilson, and a close friend of Sir Joshua Reynolds, he supported young Constable in his early efforts, providing advice and contacts. Sir George's own work consists of sound classical landscapes. The National Gallery owns two of those donated by his widow shortly after his death. He exhibited at the Royal Academy ...

Article

Bertoluzzi, Giuseppe  

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 18th century, in Parma; died 1829.

Painter, engraver, architect, writer.

Giuseppe Bertoluzzi's watercolours and etchings are on display in the academy and royal library in Parma.

Parma (Accademia)

Parma (Royal Library)

Paris, 12 May 1919...

Article

Blake, William  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 28 November 1757, in London, United Kingdom; died 12 August 1827, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, poet. Religious subjects, figure compositions.

William Blake was the son of a draper. He showed a strong artistic tendency from an early age and, at the age of 10, started to study drawing at Henry Par’s Academy in the Strand. He learnt engraving under Ryland and was then apprenticed to James Basire. During his seven years with Basire (1772–1779), Blake was made to copy the sculptures of Westminster Abbey and of London’s old churches, thus stimulating his fascination with Gothic art. He studied briefly at the Royal Academy in 1779, where he made friends with Barry, Fuseli, Mortimer, Flaxman, and Stodhart. While there, his studies concentrated on Michelangelo....

Article

Ceán Bermúdez, Juan Agustín  

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Gijón (Asturia); died 1829, in Madrid.

Painter, art writer.

Ceán Bermúdez was a pupil of Juan Espinal in Seville and of A.R. Mengs in Madrid and in Rome. From 1778, upon his return to Seville, he painted portraits of his friends and some decorative compositions, as well as several compositions for the church at Gijón. He settled in Madrid in ...

Article

Challes, Charles Michel-Ange  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 18 March 1718, in Paris; died 8 January 1778, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect, writer.

Challes was a pupil of Boucher and of André Lemoine. In 1739 he won the Prix de Rome with his Healing of Tobit and in ...

Article

Chambrez, Ignaz  

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 1752, in Holleschau (Moravia).

Painter, draughtsman, architect, writer on art. Historical subjects.

Article

Chéry, Philippe  

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 15 February 1759, in Paris; died 28 February 1838, in Paris.

Painter, writer. History painting, portraits.

A pupil of Vien, Philippe Chéry made his debut at the Salon in 1791 and exhibited right through until 1835. He was an ardent Republican, and was wounded at the storming of the Bastille while leading a company of Gardes Françaises. He was later arrested and only released after the fall of Robespierre on 9 Thermidor (...

Article

Chiusole (Count Adamo)  

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1729, in Chiusole (Trentino); died 1787, in Rovereto.

Painter, art writer.

Article

Costa-Meesen, Félix da  

Portuguese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 19 July 1639, in Lisbon; died 1712, in Lisbon.

Painter, theorist.

Felix da Costa wrote the most important theoretical work on painting in Portuguese of the second half of the 17th century - A antiguidade da arte da pintura...

Article

Crespi, Luigi  

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1710, in Bologna; died 1779, in Bologna.

Painter, writer on art.

A pupil of his father Giuseppe Crespi, Dom Luigi is nonetheless best known as an art historian. He published a volume on the History of Bolognese Painters in ...

Article

Cumberland, George  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in London and in Bristol.

Born c. 1752; died 1848.

Painter, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, writer.

Article

Deho, Alessandro Bernardino  

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Painter, poet.

Active in Cremona in the early 18th century, Deho was also a poet.

Paris, 8 Dec 1987: The Four Elements (oil on canvas, four paintings, each 35½ × 48 ins/90 × 121 cm) FRF 310,000

Article

Desallier-D'argenville, Antoine Joseph  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1 July 1680, in Paris; died 29 November 1765, in Paris.

Writer, engraver.

Desallier-D'Argenville is mainly known for his work Synopsis of the Lives of the Greatest Painters. However, several landscape etchings by him are also recorded.

Article

Descamps, Jean Baptiste  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 28 August 1706, in Dunkirk; died 30 July 1791, in Rouen.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk), decorative artist, writer on art. Historical subjects, portraits, interiors.

Jean Baptiste Descamps was erroneously thought to have been a student of his uncle, Louis Coypel. In fact he studied with Ulin and Largillière. On ...

Article

Dolci, Michele Arcangelo  

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1724; died 1803, in Urbino (Marche).

Painter, writer.

Michele Arcangelo Dolci studied under Alli and Zanotti in Florence and Bologna, and subsequently taught at the academy in Urbino.

Article

Duncombe, Susanna  

British, 18th – 19th century, female.

Born c. 1730; died 28 October 1812, in London.

Painter, writer.

Susanna Duncombe was a daughter of the painter Joseph Highmore, and in 1763 she married the Reverend John Duncombe, an archaeologist at Canterbury. She designed the frontispiece of the ...

Article

Dyck, Jan van  

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Painter, engraver, writer.