1-20 of 21 Results  for:

  • African American Art x
  • Nineteenth-Century Art x
  • Benezit Dictionary of Artists x
Clear all


Ball, James Presley  

American, 19th century, male.

Born in 1825, in Virginia; died in 1905, in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Photographer (daguerreotypes). Portraits, genre subjects, architectural subjects.

Born a free man in Virginia, James Presley Ball became one of the first African American photographers after learning the daguerreotype process from the Bostonian John B. Bailey, also an African American, in ...


Bannister, Edward Mitchell  

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...


Bowser Bustill, David  

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1820; died 1900.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes.

David Bowser Bustill was described as a 'free man of colour'. He was the grandson of Cyrus Bustill, founder of the African Free Society and a member of the St Thomas Free African Church in Philadelphia. David Bowser Bustill was active in Philadelphia ...


Bradley, Peter  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 September 1940, in Connelsville (Pennsylvania).

Painter, print artist.

Peter Bradley studied at Cranbrook Academy, Bloomsfield, Michigan, the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit, and Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. He settled in New York. Bradley has taken part in various group shows, such as: ...


Brown, Grafton Tyler  

American, 19th century.

Born 1841, in Harrisburg (Pennsylvania); died 1918, in St Paul (Minnesota).

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer, cartographer, illustrator. Landscapes.

Grafton Tyler Brown was the son of emancipated slaves who had come from Maryland in 1837. He moved with them to San Francisco in 1861...


Calvi, Pietro  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1833, in Milan; died 1884, in Milan.

Sculptor. Busts.

Calvi was a pupil at the Accademia in Milan and later of Seleroni. He took part in a large number of exhibitions in Europe and America, notably at the Royal Academy, London, between ...


Duncanson, Robert Scott  

African American, 19th century, male.

Active in the United Kingdom and Canada.

Born 1821, in Seneca County (New York), or 1822 according to some sources; died 21 December 1872, in Detroit (Michigan).

Painter, watercolourist, photographer. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, urban townscapes, still-lifes, mural compositions. Hudson River School...


Edmondson, William  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Nashville (Tennessee); died 7 February 1951, in Nashville.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

William Edmondson was the son of former slaves who were emancipated following the Civil War, and grew up illiterate. He worked at various jobs, in particular, for the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St Louis Railroads until ...


Fuller, Meta Vaux Warrick  

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 9 June 1877, in Philadelphia; died 13 March 1968.

Sculptor (plaster/bronze), illustrator.

Harlem Renaissance.

Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller studied at the Pennsylvania Museum School for Industrial Arts (today Philadelphia College of Art) from 1894 to 1899 and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts ...


Harleston, Edwin Augustus  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Charleston; died 5 May 1931, in Charleston.

Painter, photographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes (flowers). Murals.

Edwin Augustus Harleston studied at Atlanta University, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School (1906-1912) and Harvard University. He opened a photography studio with his wife, Elise, in Charleston. In ...


Hovenden, Thomas  

Irish, 19th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 23 December 1840, in Dunmanway (County Cork); died 14 August 1895, near Worristown (Pennsylvania).

Painter. Portraits, genre scenes.

Thomas Hovenden was a pupil at the School of Fine Arts in Cork. He went to America in 1863 and was a pupil at the National Academy in New York. Around 1874 he returned to Europe and worked in Paris in the studio of Alexandre Cabanel. He spent some time in Pont Aven in Brittany. He finally settled in the USA in 1880 and became a teacher at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He was influenced by Courbet and painted realist genre scenes which enjoyed great success in America. His depictions of African American subjects in domestic settings were atypical in their sensitivity and avoidance of racial stereotyping. He exhibited his work in the USA in 1878 and in 1893 at the Universal Exhibition in Chicago....


Hudson, Julien  

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1811; died 1844.

Painter, miniaturist. Portraits, battles.

Julien Hudson was an Afro-American active in New Orleans during the years 1830-1840. His father was a British merchant and his mother was of mixed race living in New Orleans. He is believed to have studied under a painter in the city in ...


Johnson, Joshua or William  

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Baltimore, 1793-1824.

Born 1762 or 1763, in Maryland; died c. 1830.

Painter. Portraits, compositions with figures.

There is not very much information on the life of Johnson. His mother was a slave and his father was probably the white painter George Johnson. He was liberated from slavery at age 19, thanks to a law in Maryland in ...


Lewis, Mary Edmonia  

American, 19th century, female.

Active in Italy.

Born 4 July 1844, in New York State; died 1907, in Hammersmith, London.

Sculptor (marble), draughtsman. Portraits, medallions, busts, statues.

Mary Edmonia Lewis (Wildfire), a sculptor of African American and Native American ancestry, who once held studio space in Antonio Canova’s old rooms in Rome, created successful works and received many commissions during her lifetime. Lewis was the daughter of a Chippewa (Ojibwa) mother and an African American servant. She became an orphan at the age of four, and was raised by her mother’s people on the Mississagua Indian Reserve in Canada. Her brother, Sunrise, enrolled her in a school near Albany and she entered Oberlin College in Ohio, in 1856. While at Oberlin, she gave up her Indian name, Wildfire, and changed it to Mary Edmonia. During her time at the college she was accused of poisoning and theft; she was beaten, tried, and then acquitted. In ...


Lion, Jules  

French, 19th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1810, in Paris; died 9 January 1866, in New Orleans (Louisiana), USA.

Lithographer, painter, photographer. Portraits, city scenes, landscapes.

Jules Lion exhibited lithographs at the Paris Salon from 1831 to 1836. He arrived in New Orleans in ...


Powers, Harriet  

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 29 October 1837, in Athens (Georgia); died 1911.

Textile artist.

Folk Art.

Harriet Powers was an African-American artist who created 'story quilts' in needlepoint and appliqué, in which she depicted stories from the Bible and from African-American oral tradition, as well from as episodes from her own life. Born a slave, she married young and had nine children, the last of whom was born in ...


Reason, Patrick Henry  

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1816; died 1850.

Engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator. Frontispieces.

Patrick Henry Reason was an Afro-American artist. His parents probably came from Haiti and settled in New York at the beginning of the nineteenth century. A pupil at an African Free School in New York, he was later apprenticed to a engraver, a white man. He was active around ...


Simpson, William H.  

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1818, in Buffalo; died 1872, in Boston.


William H. Simpson was apprenticed to the painter Matthew Wilson then settled in Boston in 1854 and there acquired a certain renown as a portrait painter. He was publicised by William Wells Brown, author of ...


Smith, John Henry  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1879.

Sculptor (including wood/stone), ceramicist.

John Henry Smith was self-taught. His work seems to have been in circulation during the first exhibitions of African-American artists in the USA, which were held in the 1940s. Like other black artists of the time, such as Beauford Delaney and Palmer Hayden, he worked as a janitor. Little else is known of his life, and even the date of his death is unknown....


Walker, Annie E.A.  

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1855, in Alabama; died 1929.

Painter, pastellist.

Annie E.A. Walker studied with Thomas Eakins and John Henry Twachtman at the Cooper Union, New York, from 1892 to 1895, and at the Académie Julian, Paris, from 1896 to 1902 (where she was probably the first African-American woman to do so)....