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Article

Bell, Vanessa  

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

Branly, Elisabeth  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

Brantonne, René  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1903; died 1979.

Draughtsman, poster artist, illustrator.

After training as an artist at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, René Brantonne took up commercial drawing. He spent World War II in the USA where he produced posters for films. When he returned to France after the war he began producing cartoons. However, he remains best known as one of the first and most celebrated illustrators of science fiction. He produced the covers for the Anticipation collection published by Fleuve Noir ...

Article

Creston, René Yves  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in St-Nazaire; died 1964, in Étables-sur-Mer.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator, ethnologist. Genre scenes, local scenes, seascapes. Designs for jewellery, furniture.

Ar Seiz Breur.

René Yves Creston trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nantes in 1919, then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

Czeschka, Carl Otto  

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 22 October 1878, in Vienna; died 30 July 1960, in Hamburg.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs (furniture/fabrics/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Wiener Werkstätte group.

Carl Otto Czeschka trained at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna, most notably under Christian Griepenkerl. He was a member of the Vienna Secession. In ...

Article

Debicki, Stanislaw or Stanislas  

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Endell, August  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1871, in Berlin; died 15 April 1925, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Draughtsman, architect, decorative artist, designer, illustrator, author. Furniture, jewellery, lamps, art objects.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

In Munich, August Endell studied philosophy, art history, aesthetics and psychology, notably a course run by Theodor Lipp on the psychological effect of the perception of lines and forms. There, in ...

Article

Gradl, Hermann  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1883, in Marktheidenfeld; died 15 February 1964, in Nuremberg.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs (ex-libris/fabrics/furniture/porcelain).

Jugendstil.

After losing his mother at a very early age, Hermann Gradl was brought up by his father's family, with one of his cousins, Hermann Gradl Sr, a Jugendstil artist who was highly thought of at the time. He was first trained at the Städtische Gewerbeschule, Munich, then in ...

Article

Hulbe, Georg  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1851, in Kiel; died 1917, in Hamburg.

Binder. Designs (furniture, book-binding, objets d'art).

Jugendstil.

Georg Hulbe was a bookbinder in Kiel from 1876. He moved to Hamburg in 1880. He then acquired his own leather workshop and, around 1900...

Article

Kleinhempel, Gertrud  

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1875, in Leipzig; died 1948, in Althagen near Wustrow.

Illustrator, draughtswoman, decorative designer. Designs for fabrics, furniture and jewels.

Jugendstil.

Gertrud Kleinhempel studied drawing in Dresden, then in Munich, and made her debut in 1899 as an illustrator in Dresden. From ...

Article

Kristian, Roald  

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1914 to 1917.

Born 1893.

Painter, designer, illustrator.

Omega Workshops.

Roald Kristian came to Britain in 1914 as a war émigré and found work designing furniture and illustrating books for Roger Fry's Omega Workshops. He was briefly married to fellow Omega artist, Nina Hamnett. In ...

Article

Legrain, Pierre Émile  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1889, in Levallois-Perret; died 1929, in Paris.

Draughtsman, illustrator, designer, binder, furniture designer.

Pierre Émile Legrain studied at the École des Arts Appliqués Germain Pilon and was one the representatives of the Art Deco movement. He did illustrations for L'Assiette au beurre - La Baïonnette - Le Témoin et le mot...

Article

Malivel, Jeanne  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 15 April 1895, in Loudéac, Brittany; died 2 September 1926.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator, designer. Frescoes, designs for embroidery and glazed earthenware, furniture.

Ar Seiz Breur group (The Seven Brothers).

Jeanne Malivel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and then entered the les ateliers d'art sacré of Maurice Denis and Georges Desvallières. Upon her return to Brittany, she became a course instructor at the École Régionale des Beaux-Arts in Rennes in ...

Article

Pellicer Montseny, Juan  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863, in Barcelona; died 1914, in La Escala.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Juan Pellicer Montseny took part in the 1892 industrial arts exhibition. He mainly made decoration models for ceramic pieces and azulejos (enamelled earthenware tiles).

Arnáiz, José Manuel/López Jiménez, Javier...

Article

Purvis, Tom  

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Bristol; died 1959.

Painter, poster artist, illustrator. Scenes with figures.

Tom Purvis studied at Camberwell School of Art in London. He set up as a commercial artist and worked for Mother and Crowther's Advertising Agency and the Avenue Press printing firm. During the 1920s and 1930s he designed posters for the London Underground, London and North Eastern Railway, Shell and Austen Reed. In ...

Article

Schmidt, Jean Philippe  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 March 1790, in Paris.

Engraver, lithographer.

Jean Schmidt exhibited at the Salon between 1824 and 1833. He wrote two books: an Ornamental Design Course for Use in Schools of Industrial Art and Design; and a New Comprehensive Manual for the Ornamental Decorative Artist, Engraver and Painter, in Letters, Text and Atlas...

Article

Zwickle, Hubert von  

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active in Vienna.

Born 11 February 1875, in Salzburg; died 1950.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, illustrator. Figures. Models (furniture/jewellery).

Studied at the college of decorative arts in Vienna and went on to teach, among others, the poster artist Joseph Binder.

London...