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Article

Adlersparre, Sofia Adolfina  

Swedish, 19th century, female.

Born 8 March 1808, on the island of Oland; died 23 March 1862, in Stockholm.

Painter, copyist. Flowers, animals.

Sofia Adlersparre began her studies with the sculptor Zvarnstrom and the painter Robert Wilhelm Ekman. She continued in Paris with Leon Cogniet in ...

Article

Agid, Olivier  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 January 1951, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator.

Agid began his studies in 1970-1971 by taking one course of teaching and research on the environment. He studied architecture between 1971 and 1976, before registering in fine arts at the Université de Paris VIII....

Article

Alaux, Jean-Pierre  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1925, in La Ciotat.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Jean-Pierre Alaux was the son of François Alaux and the great-great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux. From ...

Article

Albérola, Jean-Michel  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 January 1953, in Saïda.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Figuration Libre, Citationism.

Jean-Michel Albérola lived in Algeria until 1962. He then went to France, living successively in several cities, including Marseilles, Toulouse, Avignon and Paris. He studied in Marseilles and in Aix-en-Provence. Until ...

Article

Albisola, Tullio d'  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

Alston, Charles  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1907, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 27 April 1977, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. Murals.

Groups: Spiral, 306.

Charles Alston moved to New York with his mother in 1914, after his father died. Alston received his BA and MA (...

Article

Altman, Nathan Isaevich  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France from 1910.

Born 1889, in Vinnitsa; died 1970, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Stage sets.

Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds) group.

A student at the school of fine art in Odessa between 1903...

Article

Andrews, Benny  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Plainview (Georgia); died 10 November 2006, in New York (New York).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

Black Emergency Cultural Coalition, Rhino Horn Group

African-American artist Benny Andrews was the second of ten children born to George and Viola Andrews in the small rural farming town of Plainview, Georgia. He served in the US Air Force during the Korean War. Upon his honorable discharge, Andrews moved to Chicago and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in 1958. He then moved to New York, where, in 1969, with Cliff Joseph and Valerie Maynard, he founded the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition (BECC), the aim of which was to force the major museums to include work by African-American artists in their shows. Andrews helped organize protests of several major museum shows including the Whitney Museum of American Art’s ...

Article

Andri, Ferdinand  

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 March 1871, in Waidhofen-am-Ybbs; died 19 May 1956, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes. Toys.

Art Nouveau.

Secession group.

Andri studied under Julius Berger and Edouard Lichtenfels at the Venice Academy, then, from 1892, under Claus Meyer at Karlsruhe Academy, before returning to settle in Venice. In ...

Article

Annenkov, Yuri  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 11 July 1889, in Petropavlosk (Kamchatka); died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman. Stage costumes and sets, film sets.

The son of a political exile in Kamchatka, Yuri Annenkov was able to go to St Petersburg in 1898 and study at the school of fine art and at several artists’ workshops between 1908 and 1911, developing a passion for the theatre and theatrical production. He went to Paris in 1911 and studied with Maurice Denis and Félix Vallotton and then went to Switzerland in 1913. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1912 and 1913 and then returned to Russia where he joined the...

Article

Antico  

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1460; died 1528, in Bózzolo.

Goldsmith, sculptor, medallist, copyist. Statues, statuettes.

Antico was from Mantua and went to Rome in 1495 and 1497. His first commission was in 1479, for a pair of medals commemorating the wedding of Gianfranceso Gonzaga to Antonia del Banzo. His first visit to Rome, in ...

Article

Arnal, François  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 October 1924, in La Valette (Var).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), sculptor, illustrator, designer. Designs for tapestries.

Mec Art.

After secondary school in Toulon, François Arnal studied at the faculty of arts and law in Aix-en-Provence. He began painting in 1940, then, having joined the French Resistance in 1943, settled in Paris in 1948 and began his career as an artist. In 1949 he was awarded the Prix de la Jeune Peinture, which gave him the opportunity to mount his first solo exhibition the following year. In the 1950s he belonged to Michel Tapié's group ...

Article

Arp, Hans, Later Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1886, in Strasbourg; died 7 June 1966, in Basel.

Collage artist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poet.

Dadaism.

Der Moderne Bund, Dadaist groups in Zurich and Cologne, Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben, Paris Surrealist Group, Abstraction-Création.

Hans Arp joined the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg in 1902, at the age of 16. In 1903 he began painting and contributed to a local magazine. In 1904 he made his first trip to Paris. From 1905 to 1907 he studied under Ludwig von Hoffmann at the fine arts academy in Weimar, where he attended modern art exhibitions. He returned to Strasbourg, which his family then left for Weggis, on the edge of the Lac des Quatre Cantons in Switzerland. Between 1908 and 1910 he made a second trip to Paris and worked for a time at the Académie Julian. In Weggis he completed his first Abstract compositions and learned the art of modelling. In 1911 he co-founded the group...

Article

Arsenne, Louis Charles  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 December 1780, in Paris; died 3 August 1855.

Painter.

Louis Arsenne tried his hand at various painting genres but enjoyed more success as an author and publisher. Among his books is his Painter and Sculptor's Handbook ( Manuel du peintre et du sculpteur...

Article

Artis, William Ellisworth  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1914, in Washington (North Carolina), 1919, according to some sources; died 1977.

Sculptor, print artist, ceramicist, illustrator.

William E. Artis studied at the University of Syracuse, New York, New York State University and the Art Students League, New York. He was also a student of Augusta Savage at the Harlem Community Art Center, New York. Artis expressed his humanist ideals by depicting impassive faces in a purified style, combining African and classical sculpture....

Article

Aslan  

French, 20th century, male.

Active since 1995 in Canada.

Born 23 May 1930, in Lormont (Gironde).

Draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor. Figures, nudes.

Aslan joined the École des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux at the age of 14, then at 16 he was given special dispensation to enter the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He was, for a time, an army painter. Of Armenian descent, he took his grandfather's name as a pseudonym....

Article

Attardi, Ugo  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Sori, near Genoa.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator.

Groups: Forma 1 Group until 1949, Il Pro e il Contro.

After studying for a year at the fine art academy in Palermo, Attardi decided to become a painter and moved to Rome. In 1947 he became one of the founders of the group ...

Article

Aublet, Albert  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Orientalism.

Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...

Article

Auerbach, Tauba  

American, 21st century, female.

Born 1981, in San Francisco.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, musician. Artists’ books.

After graduating from Stanford University in 2003, Tauba Auerbach worked as a sign painter in San Francisco, an influence reflected in many of her early works. This interest in the visual aspects of language and text manifested itself in an important series of calligraphic drawings and artists’ books. Her most notable body of work may be the ‘fold’ paintings, in which canvas supports are physically folded and creased, then spread out and spray painted from various angles, and with multiple colours; the canvases are then stretched totally flat, so that fold patterns exist only as painted remnants of the surfaces’ former topography. She has further explored the boundaries and visual relationships between two- and three-dimensionality in her group of pop-up books, and in a number of books made by photographing cross-sections of a solid surface, such as a block of marble or wood, as it is gradually sanded down....

Article

Augsburger, Jean-Édouard  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchâtel).

Engraver, sculptor, illustrator.

Jean-Édouard Augsburger studied engraving at the art college in La Chaux de Fonds. He illustrated The Sea, by Federico García Lorca.

Augsburger staged his first exhibition in La-Chaux-de-Fonds in 1950, followed by another in ...