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Adeline, Jules  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 28 April 1845, in Rouen; died September 1909, in Rouen.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, architect, art writer.

Jules Adeline was a first-time exhibitor at the Paris Salon in 1873, when, as a young architect, he initially contributed sketches and architectural projects. From ...


Alaux, Jean-Paul  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 12 March 1876, in Bordeaux; died 15 October 1955, in Bordeaux.

Watercolourist, architect, writer. Landscapes.

Jean-Paul Alaux was the great grandson of the painter of the same name, known as Gentil, the nephew of Guillaume Alaux, also a painter, and the brother of François Alaux. He was involved in the founding of the Écoles d'Art Américaine in Fontainebleau in ...


Baader, Johannes or Julius, Sometimes Alexis  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 21 June 1876, in Stuttgart; died 15 January 1955, in Bavaria.

Architect, photomontage artist, collage artist, writer.


Johannes Baader, who was active as an artist for three years, from 1918 to 1921, was a former architect who had created the plans for the famous Hagenbeck Zoo in Stellingen. After the age of 40, he became a follower and champion of the Dada movement in Berlin, calling himself ...


Barbier, Nicolas Alexandre  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 18 October 1789, in Paris; died 4 February 1864, in Sceaux.

Painter, writer. Genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, architectural views.

Nicolas Barbier studied under Xavier Leprince and subsequently taught composition to the son of Louis-Philippe. He painted genre scenes with the accent on background architectural motifs, exhibiting at the Paris Salon ...


Berlepsch-Valendas, Hans Eduard von  

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).


From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...


Bertoluzzi, Giuseppe  

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 18th century, in Parma; died 1829.

Painter, engraver, architect, writer.

Giuseppe Bertoluzzi's watercolours and etchings are on display in the academy and royal library in Parma.

Parma (Accademia)

Parma (Royal Library)

Paris, 12 May 1919...


Bosse, Abraham  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1604, in Tours; died 14 February 1676, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (etching/burin), art writer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, figures, genre scenes, interior scenes, architectural interiors, landscapes.

The son of a tailor, Abraham Bosse went to Paris aged about 15 to improve his drawing skills, which showed considerable promise. He appears to have started his study of engraving under Melchior Tavernier. Back in his native city in 1622, he engraved a ...


Bragdon, Claude Fayette  

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1 August 1866, in Oberlin (Ohio); died 1946.

Stage designer, architect, author, illustrator.

Claude Fayette Bragdon is above all remembered as an architect. He first worked as a stage designer in 1919 on Walter Hampden's travelling production of Hamlet. He designed fourteen other productions for Hampden between ...


Cardi, Lodovico or Ludovico  

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1559, in Castelvecchio, in Cigoli according to the Larousse Dictionary; died 1613, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, architect, poet, musician.

Florentine School.

Lodovoco Cardi began his studies under Alessandro Allori, and later became one of the most brilliant followers of Santi di Tito. According to Lanzi, he was taught drawing by Buontalenti. He was elected to membership of the Florence academy, following the submission of his painting of ...


Cesariano, Cesare di Lorenzo  

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1483, in Milan; died 1546, in 1543 according to Lanzi.

Architect, painter, writer.

Cesare di Lorenzo Cesariano studied architecture with Bramante. At the same time, he was drawing and painting in the studio of Leonardo da Vinci. Documents indicate that he produced a number of paintings, chiefly in Reggio and Milan, at various times throughout his somewhat turbulent life. Some art historians believe that he also painted miniatures. He published a translation of Vitruvius' treatise on architecture in ...


Challes, Charles Michel-Ange  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 18 March 1718, in Paris; died 8 January 1778, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect, writer.

Challes was a pupil of Boucher and of André Lemoine. In 1739 he won the Prix de Rome with his Healing of Tobit and in ...


Chambrez, Ignaz  

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 1752, in Holleschau (Moravia).

Painter, draughtsman, architect, writer on art. Historical subjects.


Cock van Aelst, Pieter I  

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 14 August 1502, in Aelst, or 4 July 1507 according to other sources; died 1550, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, architect, draughtsman, writer. Designs for tapestries.

Brussels School.

A pupil of Barent van Orley in Brussels from 1517 to 1521, he went to Italy in about 1521 and became a Master of the Antwerp Guild in 1527. He had two sons, Pieter and Michel, and when widowed, two illegitimate sons, Pauweel and Antoon. He later married the miniaturist Maria Verhulst, by whom he had three children, Pauwel, Katelyne and Maria - this latter married Pieter Bruegel the Elder. He travelled to Constantinople in 1533 to make cartoons of tapestries for the Sultan, but since the representation of human beings and animals was forbidden by Islam the journey came to nothing. It has been suggested that he went to discover the secrets of making oriental carpets, but he returned with studies of type, costumes and a book, ...


Coebergher, Wenzel or Wenceslas  

Flemish School, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born c. 1561, in Antwerp; died 1634, in Brussels.

Painter, architect, writer. Religious subjects.

Antwerp School.

This artist was a pupil of Martin de Vos. He worked in Paris in 1576, in Rome and in Naples with Giovanni Franco, whose daughter he married. He was in Antwerp between ...


Dufresnoy, Charles Alphonse  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1611, in Paris; died 16 January 1668, in Villiers-le-Bel.

Painter, poet. Mythological subjects, landscapes, architectural views, flowers.

Charles Alphonse Dufresnoy was a pupil of Vouet and Perrier. In 1633 he moved to Rome, where he executed architectural paintings. Twenty years later he left Rome for Venice, where he studied the Venetian masters. In ...


Duseigneur, Maurice  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1845, in Paris; died 1892.

Painter, art critic, architect.

Maurice Duseigneur was a son of the sculptor Jean Duseigneur. In 1872 in Paris he exhibited a watercolour entitled The Barricade in the Rue St-Antoine.


Ehmcke, Fritz Hellmut  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1878, in Hohensalza; died 3 February 1965, in Seefeld/Obb.

Architect, typographer, illustrator, engraver, writer. Designs (book-binding).


Fritz Hellmut Ehmcke trained in lithography in Berlin between 1893 and 1897 and became a professional lithographer. He joined the applied arts teaching institution at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin. He taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Düsseldorf, and at the Staatschule für Angewandte Kunst in Munich. In ...


Endell, August  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1871, in Berlin; died 15 April 1925, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Draughtsman, architect, decorative artist, designer, illustrator, author. Furniture, jewellery, lamps, art objects.


Deutscher Werkbund.

In Munich, August Endell studied philosophy, art history, aesthetics and psychology, notably a course run by Theodor Lipp on the psychological effect of the perception of lines and forms. There, in ...



Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born 1579, in Koborimura (Omi); died 12 March 1647, in Fujimi, near Kyoto.

Painter, calligrapher, poet, architect. Landscapes.

Enju was a pupil of Taniju. He founded the Enju School, which was named after him.


Erard, Charles  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1606, in Nantes; died 25 May 1689, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer, architect, writer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, medallions.

Charles Erard was his father's pupil, and at the age of 18 followed him to Rome where he undertook his serious studies. On his return to Paris the king awarded him a bursary to go to Rome and complete his education, where they arrived on ...