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Article

Aalto, Alvar  

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1898, in Kuortane; died 11 May 1976, in Helsinki.

Architect, designer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Models (furniture/glass).

Alvar Aalto was adamant that his experience as a painter was an indispensable adjunct to his profession as an architect, noting repeatedly that modern architecture had its roots in painting. As an architecture student, he took private lessons with the Finnish painter Eero Järnefelt. He moved in artistic circles and was frequently to be found in the company of the sculptor Wäinö Altonen and the painters Henry Ericsson and Eemu Myntti. For a period, he also worked as an art critic....

Article

Acquarelli  

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Naplesc.1640.

Painter. Architectural views. Decorative schemes.

Neapolitan School.

Reputed as a skilful decorator and architectural painter, Acquarelli worked predominantly in church, palazzo and theatre decoration, frequently in co-operation with Scoppa.

Article

Aguirre, Pedro de  

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Sevillec.1537.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative designer.

School of Seville.

Pedro de Aguirre worked on the construction or ornamentation of public buildings in Seville.

Article

Akopian, George  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...

Article

Almeida, Félix Vincente d'  

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Died c. 1769.

Architect, sculptor.

A brother of the sculptor José d'Almeida, Felix Vincente was architect and interior decorator to the Portugese royal house in around 1750.

Article

Ambrogi, Domenico  

called Menichino del Brizio

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Bologna; died after 1678.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects, architectural views, perspectives, landscapes. Church decoration.

Studied initially under Bernardino Baldi, then Calvaert, following whose death in 1619 Ambrogi spent years studying with Francesco Brizio (from whom he takes his sobriquet Menichino del Brizio). Ambrogi quickly made a reputation for himself as a painter of frescoes and oils, not least in his depiction of landscape, architecture and perspective. The Uffizi in Florence houses two of his religious landscapes; his Guardian Angel is on show at S Giacomo Maggiore, and his St Francis in a Radiance of Angels can be seen at the church of the Annunziata. Ambrogi painted frescoes for the Paleotti and Dentone palaces and also decorated several private houses and public monuments. His Coronation of the Virgin is on view at the church of S Maria della Vita. In ...

Article

Andrier, Dominique  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born c. 1950.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, lithographer. Figures, interiors with figures. Wall decorations.

Dominique Andrier studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1970 to 1975. She has mostly painted since 1976. Since 1988, she has devoted herself to figurative painting, notably of women in their daily occupations, especially at their toilette....

Article

Anguier, Guillaume  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1628, in Eu (Seine-Maritime); died 18 June 1708, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer, architect. Ornaments.

Guillaume Anguier, a brother of the well-known sculptors Michel and François, was one of the artists employed on Colbert's orders in the Gobelins factory. He was granted the title of 'king's painter' and worked on the decoration of the great staircase at the Louvre and of the châteaux of St-Germain-en-Laye and Versailles. He was also an architect....

Article

Arbus, André  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Toulouse; died December 1969, in Paris.

Sculptor, decorative designer. Busts.

After an impressive career as an architect and decorator, André Arbus began working as a sculptor. He received numerous commissions for commemorative monuments, busts and torsos. He was selected for the Venice Biennale of ...

Article

Arraez, Antonio  

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 19th century, in Madrid.

Painter, decorative designer, architect.

Arraez was a pupil at the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid. In 1848 he restored some parts of the Alhambra in Granada and from 1858 to 1862 he exhibited in Madrid several plans and designs suggesting the influence of Arabic art....

Article

Aublet, Félix Tahar Marie  

French, 20th century, male.

Born February 1903, in Tunis; died 24 January 1978, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, designer, poster artist. Wall decorations, stage costumes and sets, furniture, advertising art.

Art et Lumière.

Félix Tahar Marie Aublet was the son of the Orientalist painter Albert Aublet. He was brought up both in Neuilly, France, and in a Moorish palace in Tunis, where the family spent six months of the year. His second forename, Tahar, means 'blessed one' in Arabic. In ...

Article

Audran, Claude, Called Claude III  

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 28 May 1658, in Lyons; died 27 May 1734, in Paris.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features. Wall decorations.

Claude III was the son, and the student, of Germain Audran. He was also taught by his uncle, Claude II, and Gérard Audran. He worked mostly on the decoration of royal residences, carrying out extensive work at the Châteaux of Meudon, La Muette, and Marly, and at the Menagerie at the Château of Versailles. He played an important part in the creation of the 18th-century ornamental style, which features a combination of figures, grotesques, leaves, symbols, arabesques and flowers. In ...

Article

Bachot, Jérôme  

French, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1588, in Paris; died 8 November 1635, in Nantes.

Engraver (etching), engineer.

Bachot was the son-in-law of Chevalier Errard Le Vieux, and replaced him as the Architectural Commissioner in charge of fortifications and restorations in Brittany. He also left a work entitled: ...

Article

Bagge, Eric  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 September 1890, in Anthony; died 1978.

Draughtsman, decorative designer, designer.

Eric Bagge sought in his work to combine architecture and decoration, and took a keen interest in different artistic techniques. He designed, sometimes in collaboration with Bernard Huguet, suites of furniture, china collections and carpets. With the stained glass maker Gaëtan Jeannin, he designed a window ...

Article

Balsimelli, Romolo  

Italian, 16th century, male.

Of Florentine origin.

Sculptor, architect.

Romolo Balsimelli worked in Naples and was a skilled decorator. From 1512 to 1515 he executed the relief decoration of the chapel of the Carafas, Counts of San Severina, in the church of S Domenico Maggiore....

Article

Baptista, Luiz  

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Active in Lisbon.

Born 1725 or 1726; died 1785.

Painter, decorative artist. Architectural views.

Baptista, a pupil of Thomas Gomès, worked on the ceiling of the Carmelite chapel and, in collaboration with Laurenço da Cunha, on the Bairro-Alto theatre.

Article

Barbieri, Giovanni Domenico  

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Born to a family originally from Parma.

Architect, painter.

Studied under Bibiena. He was the architect and decorator of the Ducal Theatre in Milan (subsequently destroyed by fire). According to Zani, Barbieri was still alive in 1740.

Article

Basoco, Diego de  

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born in Gordejuela (Vizcaya, Basque Country); died 1621, in Valladolid.

Architect, sculptor, cabinet maker.

Basoco is cited from 1597 to 1621. He worked on the choir stalls of St Francis' church in Aranzazu (Guipúzcoa). In 1621 he took on the work of the high altar in St Michael's church in Fuente Ampudia, but had to interrupt this project due to illness, handing over to Pedro Martínez de Colina, who completed it....

Article

Bayer, Herbert  

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1920 active in Germany, and from 1946 in the USA.

Born 5 April 1900, in Haag (Lower Austria); died 15 August 1985, in Santa Barbara (California), USA.

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, designer, decorative designer, architect.

In 1919 Bayer studied under the architect Georg Schmidthammer in Linz, and in ...

Article

Bedin, Martine  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...