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Ademollo, Luigi  

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...


Alegre y Gorriz, Pascual  

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born in Valencia; died 2 October 1879, in Madrid.


A teacher first at the school of art in Valencia and later at that in Madrid, Alegre submitted an engraving of Velázquez' Christ on the Cross and another based on a Goya portrait to the ...


Alleaume, Ludovic  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...


Altini, Ignazio  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Milan at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver (line-engraving).

Ignazio Altini was a pupil of G. Longhi. Notable works by him are Christ at Emmaus after C. Allori, and portraits of musicians.


Amado y Bernardet, Ramon  

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1844, in Barcelona; died 8 January 1888, in Barcelona.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Having begun his artistic studies in Barcelona, Amado Bernardet completed them in various parts of Europe. He occupied a prominent place among Spanish painters exhibiting at the Paris salons. His works include ...


Aman, Theodor  

Romanian, 19th century, male.

Born 1831, in Câmpulung; died 19 August 1891.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

After studying in Bucharest under Lecca and Wallenstein, Theodor Aman moved to Paris where he continued his artistic education under the guidance of Drolling and Picot at the École des Beaux-Arts in ...



French, 19th century, male.

Born 1808, in Paris; died 29 April 1885, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes.

A pupil of Ingres (whose 'unwitting' disregard of colour he deplored), Amaury-Duval was first and foremost a portraitist who painted, among others, the novelist Alexandre Dumas and the celebrated French actress Rachel. However, the most interesting thing about his body of work remains his decoration of various churches in and around Paris, notably those at St-Merri, St-Germain-l'Auxerrois and St-Germain-en-Laye. Beraldi makes reference to one of Amaury-Duval's engravings: ...


Amerling, Friedrich von  

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 14 April 1803, in Vienna; died 15 January 1887, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, illuminator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.


Amerling was from a poor family and had to overcome numerous obstacles in order to get his artistic career under way. He began by illuminating geographical maps and doing line engravings. In ...


Amsler, Samuel  

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 17 December 1791, in Schinznach; died 14 May 1849, in Munich.

Engraver (burin/etching), draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits. Frontispieces.

Samuel Amsler learnt basic drawing skills from Wildegg, and was later a pupil of burin engraver Oberkogler in Zurich, and Johann Heinrich Lips and Karl Hess at the academy in Munich. In 1816, he went to Rome with painter Joh. Anton Ramboux and became friends with and an associate of Overbeck, Cornelius, Thorvaldsen and other young artists of the Nazarene school. This is how he and his friend Barth came to engrave the frontispiece of Cornelius's ...


Andreae, Karl Christian  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 3 February 1823, in Mühlheim-am-Rhein; died 23 March 1904, in Helenaberg, near Sinzig.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits.

Initially a pupil of Karl Sohn and Schadow at the academy in Düsseldorf (1839-1844), Karl Andreae subsequently went to Rome in ...


Andrieu, Pierre  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 December 1821, in Penouillet; died 30 January 1892, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Pierre Andrieu studied under and collaborated with Eugène Delacroix, working at the Château de Guermantes and restoring Delacroix's ceiling in the Apollo Gallery in the Louvre. He made a major contribution, alongside his mentor, to the decoration of the former Hôtel de Ville in Paris. Preliminary studies and sketches for this project now in the Hôtel de Ville attest to his ability. Andrieu also produced a large number of small paintings, watercolours and pen-and-ink studies, typically of lions and tigers. He was a prolific book illustrator, often in the form of pen-and-ink drawings which betray a highly sensitive touch. His drawings are of particular interest. Béraldi also makes particular reference to his small but attractive ...


Arends, Jan  

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 September 1738, in Dordrecht; died 22 April 1805, in Dordrecht.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes with figures.

Jan Arends was the son of a surgeon and brother of the poet Rœlof. He was a pupil of Ponse. The artist spent a number of years in Amsterdam before moving to Middelburg and finally to Dordrecht, where he spent the final years of his life. Arends enjoyed an equal reputation as a painter and an engraver and was noted for his skill in perspective. A number of drawings by him were engraved by H. Immink and others; he also made etchings of various views of the province of Zeeland (...


Aressy, P.  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Painter, lithographer. Religious themes, genre scenes.

P. Aressy exhibited portraits at the Salons of 1897 and 1901.

St-Nazaire (Mus. Municipal): Burial of a Sailor (print)


Armand-Dumaresq, Édouard Charles  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1 January 1826, in Paris; died 10 July 1895, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Religious subjects, military subjects.

Édouard Armand-Dumaresq studied under Thomas Couture and started exhibiting at the Paris Salon in 1851, quickly abandoning religious themes in favour of military subjects. He accompanied French troops to Algeria and Italy, recording uniforms for the War Ministry, such as the dress uniforms of the Imperial Guards. His canvases record battles waged by Napoleon I and episodes from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. Seconded to the USA between 1870 and 1872, he subsequently painted scenes from the American War of Independence, including ...


Armstead, Henry Hugh  

British, 19th century, male.

Born 18 June 1828, in London; died 4 December 1905.

Sculptor, engraver, metal worker, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Busts.

Henry Armstead studied at the Royal Academy in London and became a member of the Academy in 1875. He exhibited a large number of busts and reliefs ...


Attlmayr, Richard Isidor von  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 2 April 1831, in Innsbruck.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Studied at the academy of art in Munich where he was taught by Professors Joseph Schlotthauer and Johan Georg Hiltensperger. His first composition was Christmas for the collection of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. While living in Vienna he painted several altarpieces under the guidance first of Eugene de Blaas and later of Joseph von Furhrich. He moved to Munich where his painting ...


Aubry-Lecomte, Hyacinthe Louis Victor Jean-Baptiste  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 31 October 1789, in Nice; died 2 May 1858, in Paris.

Draughtsman, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits.

Hyacinthe Aubry-Lecomte, born plain 'Aubry', added the suffix Lecomte on his marriage to a lady of that name, arrogating in the process a suggestion of nobility. He started out as an employee in the French Finance Ministry, but his interest in composition inspired him to enroll in Girodet's atelier at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he quickly made a name for himself. He started exhibiting in ...


Auger, Adrien Victor  

French, 19th century, male.

Born October 1787, in St-Valéry-en-Caux (Seine-Maritime).

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

Adrien Victor Auger was an etcher whose work was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1810, 1824 and 1832.

Monaco, 17 June 1989: Crucifixion (metal, 29 × 22 ins/73.5 × 55 cm) ...


Bachelier, Charles Claude  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1834, in Paris; died 1880.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer. Church interiors, landscapes.

Charles Bachelier exhibited at the Paris Salons of 1834, 1836 and 1852.


Bachta, Johann  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1782; died 1856, at Schönbornslust Castle, near Koblenz.

Painter, miniaturist, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

A pupil of Januarius Zick and J.L.E. Morgenstern, he painted altarpieces for a number of churches in the Moselle Valley and produced etchings of views of the Rivers Rhine and Moselle. He was best known for his portraits and miniatures. In ...