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Article

Antonioni, Michelangelo  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Ferrara.

Film maker, painter, writer. Landscapes.

An intuitive painter, Michelangelo Antonioni uses watercolour, oil and sometimes unexpected materials. He then makes photographic enlargements of his paintings and exhibits the enlargements. On several occasions he has taken his painter's brush to his films, colouring in natural settings artificially, notably in ...

Article

Baader, Johannes or Julius, Sometimes Alexis  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 21 June 1876, in Stuttgart; died 15 January 1955, in Bavaria.

Architect, photomontage artist, collage artist, writer.

Dadaism.

Johannes Baader, who was active as an artist for three years, from 1918 to 1921, was a former architect who had created the plans for the famous Hagenbeck Zoo in Stellingen. After the age of 40, he became a follower and champion of the Dada movement in Berlin, calling himself ...

Article

Baargeld, Johannes Theodor  

German, 20th century, male.

Born in Cologne; died 1927, in the Tyrol.

Poet, collage artist, photomontage artist.

Dadaism.

Johannes Baargeld was the son of a banker from Cologne and was involved in the revolutionary unrest following World War I as one of the founders of the Communist party in the Rhineland. He established a left-wing extremist newspaper of art and politics, ...

Article

Barber, George  

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the UK.

Born 1958, in Georgetown, Guyana.

Video artist, film maker, photographer, journalist, broadcaster. Scratch videos.

George Barber has a BA from St Martin’s School of Art in London (1980) and an MA from the Slade School of Art in London (...

Article

Bérard, Stéphane  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Lille.

Installation artist, photographer, video artist, film producer, writer, musician.

Stéphane Bérard lives and works in Haute-Provence. Both poet and sculptor, he casts a quizzical and ironic eye on the flotsam of everyday life. His inventions include the ...

Article

Besancenot, Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1902; died 1992.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, photographer, ethnologist. Costume studies.

Jean Besancenot is known for his classic work on the costumes of Morocco based on his research gathered between 1934 and 1939 and first published in 1942. The original edition includes around 60 costumes and headdresses in colour plates, executed by Besancenot himself. Earlier he had completed a study on some regional costumes of Europe. He is probably the same artist as Jean Besancenot-Girard....

Article

Bunn, David  

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in Brook Alexander, New York.

Installation artist, video artist, poet.

David Bunn graduated with a master's degree from the University of California at Los Angeles and has received several awards and fellowships including two National Endowment for the Arts Individual Artist Fellowships, the City of Los Angeles Individual Artist Fellowship and the Ethel Fortner Award for creative writing....

Article

Cahun, Claude  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 25 October 1894, in Nantes, France; died 8 December 1954, in Isle of Jersey, UK.

Writer, photographer. Self-portraits, portraits. Photomontages.

Surrealism.

Active in England.

Artist Claude Cahun was born into family of Jewish intellectuals with a rich literary tradition. Cahun devised her pseudonym using the last name of her great uncle Léon Cahun, and her earliest publications demonstrate an interest in Symbolism perhaps instilled by the writings of her uncle, Marcel Schwob. However, through her relationship with life-partner Marcel Moore, the pseudonym of Suzanne Malherbe, she honed her artistic voice. Cahun produced her seminal work, ...

Article

Carroll, Lewis  

English, 19th century, male.

Born 27 January 1832, in Daresbury; died 14 January 1898, in Guildford.

Photographer, writer, teacher. Portraits, allegory, landscapes, still-lifes.

A mathematician by formal education and profession, Lewis Carroll took up photography at the age of twenty-four. While he explored a range of genres from landscapes to still-lifes, approximately half of his photographic output portrays children. Staged and costumed scenes with literary or allegorical themes underscore this subject matter. Carroll exhibited ...

Article

Christensen, Torben  

Danish, 20th century, male.

Photographer, art critic. Multimedia.

Torben Christensen is a teacher at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen within the 'new media' department which he helped to set up. He shows his works in solo exhibitions: 1994, Maison du Danemark in Paris and Chapelle des Brigittines in Brussels....

Article

Fillia  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 October 1904, in Revello; died 9 February 1936, in Turin.

Painter, photomontage artist, writer, illustrator. Murals, ceramics.

Futurism.

Luigi Enrico Colombo took the pseudonym Fillia, which was his mother's maiden name. Although he died at the age of only 32, he was one of the most far-sighted thinkers to influence the evolution of artistic expression between the two World Wars. In fact, in the course of the many journeys he made right up to his death in Paris, he was in contact with the pioneers of abstract art, which was at that time ignored by everyone, and this was how he came to be linked with the leaders of the ...

Article

Fleischer, Alain  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Paris.

Installation artist, photographer, film maker, novelist. Multimedia.

Alain Fleischer studied French, linguistics and anthropology at university, and has taught at the University of Paris III, at the École d'Art de Cergy, at the Institut des Hautes Études Cinématographiques, and the École Nationale d'Art de Nice (the Villa Arson). He served as head of the École Expérimentale d'Art Contemporain du Fresnoy, in Tourcoing....

Article

Fraser, Andrea  

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 27 September 1965, in Billings (Montana).

Installation artist, performance artist, video artist, writer. Multimedia.

Andrea Fraser studied at the School for Visual Arts (1982(1983) and at the Whitney Museum of American Art Independent Study Program, New York (...

Article

Hunter, Alexis  

New Zealand, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1948, in Auckland (New Zealand); died 2014, in London.

Painting, photography, writing.

Alexis Hunter was a painter, photographer, and author from New Zealand whose work was strongly influenced by feminist theory of the 1970s. Hunter focused on the portrayal of women in advertisements at the time and played a key role in the development of Conceptual, Feminist art in London.

After completing her studies in New Zealand, Hunter moved to London in 1972 where she joined the Artists Union Women’s Workshop alongside other feminist photographers and film makers such as Tina Keane, Annabel Nicolson, and Mary Kelly. Hunter’s aesthetic in her conceptual work was strongly influenced by storyboarding in advertising, photographic sequences, and filmic chronology.

The male body and masculine expressivity were reoccurring themes in Hunter’s work, often disrupting the portrayal of male identity at the time. Object Series (1974–1975) for instance places a shirtless man in front of the backdrop of the New York skyline, the Twin Towers strategically placed right above the man’s crotch. By turning her subjects into sex objects, Hunter inverts the male gaze that was so dominant in visual culture at the time. The photographic sequence ...

Article

Jarman, Derek  

British, 20th century, male.

Born 31 January 1942, in Northwood (Middlesex); died 19 February 1994, in London.

Painter, filmmaker, designer, author, poet. Landscapes, townscapes. Designs for stage sets, films, gardens.

Derek Jarman studied English, History and Art History at King's College in London before going on to study fine art at the Slade School of Art in London (...

Article

Jennings, Humphrey  

British, 20th century, male.

Born 19 August 1907, in Walberswick (Suffolk); died 24 September 1950, in Poros, Greece, as the result of an accident.

Painter (mixed media), filmmaker, theatre designer, photographer, poet.

English Surrealist Group.

Humphrey Jennings was a noted English filmmaker and photographer. He was active with the English Surrealists until ...

Article

Kiyooka, Roy  

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1926, in Moose Jaw (Saskatchewan), to parents of Japanese origin; died 8 January 1994, in Vancouver.

Painter, photographer, musician, poet, filmmaker.

Roy Kiyooka studied at the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art in Calgary. In 1955 he won a scholarship to the Instituto Allende in Mexico where he studied under James Pinto. From ...

Article

Lacy, Suzanne  

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1945, in Wasco (California), United States.

Installation, video, performance, public art, photography, publishing.

Suzanne Lacy is a Los Angeles–based artist whose work addresses topics such as rape, violence, aging, poverty, racism, and issues of gender and youth culture. She focuses on social practise, creating installations, videos, and unconventional performances that often include collaborations with other artists and members of local communities. Lacy’s larger actions include media-outreach programmes and public-policy debates, effectively blurring the line between art and activism. Lacy is the chair of the Public Practices program at Otis College of Art and Design in Los Angeles. She is also the cofounder of the Women’s Building, a centre of study and activism for women artists that developed from the Feminist Studio Workshop established by Judy Chicago, Arlene Raven, and Sheila Lavrant de Bretteville in 1973.

After receiving her bachelor of arts degree in zoological studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Lacy abandoned her psychology graduate program in ...

Article

Lemoine, Georges  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 May 1935, in Rouen.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator, photographer, writer.

In 1951 Georges Lemoine started training as a graphic designer, then during military service in Rabat registered at the École des Beaux-Arts. When he returned to Paris he studied lino-cutting and developed his skills as illustrator, in which he was helped by meeting the typographer Marcel Jacno. From ...

Article

Mariën, Marcel  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Antwerp; died 1993.

Collage artist, photomontage artist, writer, photographer, film maker.

Brussels Surrealist Group, Hainaut Surrealist Group.

Marcel Mariën was a self-taught artist who started out in 1934-1936 as an apprentice photographer. He went on to work as an apprentice stockbroker. In ...