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Article

Acconci, Vito  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

Antonakos, Stephen  

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1930 in the USA.

Born 1926, in Ayios Nikolaos (Crete), Greece; died 17 August 2013, in New York City.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Multimedia.

Stephen Antonakos immigrated to New York in 1930 and lived there the remainder of his life. He attended Brooklyn Community College and graduated in ...

Article

Arfaras, Michalis  

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

Aubertin, Bernard  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Fontenay-aux-Roses.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, sculptor, draughtsman. Multimedia.

After meeting Yves Klein in 1957, Bernard Aubertin produced his first red monochrome works. He varied his methods of applying the paint, using in turn a spatula, knives, forks and spoons. Out of this search for a different density of paint, he created an art which was constantly being renewed by the artist's actions and in the eye of the spectator. From ...

Article

Aycock, Alice  

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 November 1946, in Harrisburg (Pennsylvania).

Sculptor, draughtswoman, multimedia artist.

Land Art.

Alice Aycock studied at Rutgers University (Douglass College), New Brunswick, NJ, receiving a BA in 1968, when she moved to New York. She obtained an MA from Hunter College in ...

Article

Bas, Hernan  

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1978, in Miami (Florida).

Painting, drawing, multi-media installation, sculpture.

Hernan Bas is a Florida-born Detroit-based artist whose aesthetic is rooted in the Romantic tradition of 19th-century writers. His works prominently feature young male figures in lonely landscapes or interior settings. Implications of gay culture, dandyism, and the paranormal are all embedded in Bas’ paintings, drawings, films, and sculptures. Melancholy and ennui seem to shadow Bas’ characters while their attitude, posture, and fashion combine his fascination with 19th-century dandyism and romantic nihilism.

Raised in parts of northern and southern Florida, Bas graduated in 1996 from the New World School of the Arts in Miami. The influence of his childhood surroundings can be seen in the rugged landscapes of earlier works such as Children of the Sunflower (2007). Seemingly lost in a sea of jagged sunflowers, two pensive adolescent boys stare into the distance. Unburdened by the silence that surrounds them, the two characters seem to be comfortable with their boredom....

Article

Bertrand, Jean-Pierre  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Jean-Pierre Bertrand was the winner of the French state prize for art in 1990. He lives and works in Paris.

His largely unclassifiable work - paintings and installations, often featuring highly unorthodox materials - holds a special place in French contemporary art. Cameraman turned artist, Bertrand's work is indeed reminiscent of film, often featuring a series of rigourously 'framed' elements unfolding along a wall surface. Since ...

Article

Blaussyld, Maurice  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1960.

Installation artist, painter. Multimedia.

Blaussyld presents installations made up of video recorder, table, mirror, speakers, texts and photocopies. He took part in 1994 in the exhibition Port of Call, Stopover, Stopoff ( Escale, Stopover, Tussenstop) at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Villeneuve d'Ascq. He has shown his works in solo exhibitions, including in ...

Article

Boezem, Marinus  

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1934, in Leerdam.

Painter, draughtsman, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Mail Art.

Marinus Boezem lived and worked in Holland; he embarked on his artistic career by exhibiting a section of a Dutch polder in 1960. Following this 'statement', which would have done credit even to Marcel Duchamp, he discovered what he termed the 'plasticity of air': in ...

Article

Borgeaud, Bernard  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

Borofsky, Jonathan  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Boston (Massachusetts).

Painter, draughtsman, environmental artist. Multimedia.

Bad Painting, New Image (related to).

Jonathan Borofsky studied at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, and at Yale School of Art. He taught at the New York School of Visual Arts from 1969 to 1977 and went on to teach at the Valencia Institute of Art, California. At the start of his artistic career, in the late 1960s, Borofsky would count obsessively, writing numbers from one upwards in his notebook and drawing in between the numbers when ideas struck him. He then produced paintings based on these drawings, which he signed with the number he had reached when the painting was finished. In the early 1970s, his work drew on his own dreams for inspiration: he would keep records of his dreams and spontaneous drawings and produce paintings based on that. Much of his work is related to these themes of time and his own experience: in ...

Article

Bosq, Dominique  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 7 February 1953, in Montpellier.

Painter. Multimedia.

Bosq graduated from the École des Arts Décoratifs, having passed the competitive exam for teaching fine art. He lives and works in the Aix countryside, near Mont Ste-Victoire. In 1992 he was awarded a bursary to help in his creative work, by the Direction Régionale d'Arts Contemporains in Provence-Côte d'Azur. He is a lecturer in fine art in Marseilles, teaching courses at the University of Aix-Marseille....

Article

Boursat, Sophie  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1959, in Paris.

Painter, engraver. Multimedia.

Sophie Boursat trained as an engraver. She produces large abstract signs obtained in photography by the process of direct sensitisation of the emulsified support, the 'rayogram' imagined by Man Ray. She has also produced cycles of sculpted works which have as their subject language or flowers, in the latter case photographs glued to the surface of cement breeze blocks....

Article

Boyce, Sonia  

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1962, in London.

Painter, draughtswoman, photographer, multimedia artist, installation artist.

Sonia Boyce studied art at East Ham College and the Stourbridge College of Art until 1983. Her work is informed by her experience as a black woman growing up and living in a white society, and addresses the themes of race, gender, religion, private and collective experience and cultural stereotyping. She came to prominence in the 1980s with her figurative works in chalk, pastel, charcoal and watercolour and digital and laser photographs. Since the late 1990s she has explored the potential of new media technologies for artistic expression. This has resulted in what she refers to as 'improvisational collaborations' involving other artists and audience participation. In ...

Article

Brecht, George  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1926, in Halfway (Oregon); died 5 December 2008, in Cologne.

Painter, sculptor. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

From 1946 to 1950, George Brecht studied physical sciences at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science, and from 1950 to 1955, he trained as a chemist. He met John Cage in ...

Article

Bublex, Alain  

French, 20th – 21st century.

Born 1961, in Lyons.

Draughtsman, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Alain Bublex trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Mâcon, then at the École Supérieure de Design Industriel in Paris. For a few years, he worked as an industrial designer for the car makers Renault. His job as a designer had a strong influence on his early works: ...

Article

Caramelle, Ernst  

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1952, in Halle.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Caramelle attended the Hochschule für angewandte Kunst in Vienna in 1970, before studying at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies in Cambridge (Massachusetts) from 1974 to 1975...

Article

Castro, Lourdes  

Portuguese, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 1930, in Funchal (Madeira).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist, illustrator. Multimedia.

Lourdes Castro studied at the school of art in Lisbon for ten years. Following a stay in Munich, she went to Paris in 1958...

Article

Catling, Brian  

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948.

Sculptor, collage artist, draughtsman, performance artist. Multimedia.

Brian Catling teaches sculpture at the Ruskin School of Art, Oxford, and is a Fellow of Linacre College. He is also a poet.

During the 1990s Catling worked on the Cyclops...

Article

Charlélie  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Nancy.

Painter, draughtsman. Multimedia.

Charlélie graduated from the École des Beaux-Arts in Nancy. He has shown his work in group exhibitions since 1973 and has also exhibited solo, showing examples of his multimedia ensembles in Geneva in ...