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Article

Adolus, Joannes  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Active in Nicaea before 1588.

Painter. History painting, portraits.

According to Zani, Adolus reproduced an old Byzantine painting dating from the 14th century, the Portrait of Epiphanias, Bishop of Constance.

Article

Amphiaraus  

6th century, male.

Active in Corinth, at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Painter, potter.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Aregon  

7th – 6th century, male.

Active in the Archaic period.

Born to a family originally from Corinth.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

A painting of Artemis on a Griffin by Aregon once existed in the temple of Artemis Alpheionia, not far from Olympia.

Article

Bizamanus, Angelus  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Active in Otrantoc.1500.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Berlin: Descent from the Cross

Naples: St George

Article

Bizamanus, Donatus  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Active in southern Italyc.1500.

Painter.

Vatican (Mus. Cristiano): Christ Resurrected and Mary Magdalene

London, 1 Nov 1996: Nativity (1542, oil on panel, 16¾ × 14 ins/42.8 × 35.6 cm) GBP 20,700

Article

Bularchos  

8th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Bularchos lived in the second half of the 8th century BC. His painting Battle of the Magnesians is the first painting mentioned in the history of art. According to Pliny, this painting was bought by Candaules, king of Lydia for as much gold as could be laid out on its surface. While it is tempting to identify the subject with the sack of Magnesia ad Maeandrum by the Cimmerians, this event occurred after the death of King Candaules. The Clazomenae sarcophagi probably give us an idea of what Bularchos' work was like....

Article

Calliphon of Samos  

7th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 7th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Calliphon is known to us only from Pausanias. He is said to have painted a scene showing women arming Patroclus with his cuirass, and a frieze on the theme of the battle between the Greeks and the Trojans for the temple of Artemis at Ephesus....

Article

Catalanos, Francos  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Thebes, Greece.

Painter.

Catalanos was one of the pupils of the Cretan School. With his brother Georg, he decorated the monastery of the Transfiguration at Veltsista (c. 1564) and the narthex in the church at the monastery of Balaam at Meteores in Greece (c. ...

Article

Cimon of Cleonae  

6th century, male.

Active at the end of the 6th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Cimon is known to us only from the evidence of Pliny; it is not possible to make any judgements about his work since, so far, none has come to light. He was described as a precursor of the great painters of the 5th century, and Pliny states that he was known for the clarity with which he drew the movements of human limbs and the naturalism of his drapery folds. He is said also to have invented foreshortening. Probably a dominant influence at this period of artistic development, Cimon of Cleonae may have taken up and expanded on the discoveries of an Athenian artist called Eumarus....

Article

Cleanthes of Corinth  

7th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Cleanthes is known from Strabo, who mentions two of his works in a temple at Olympia, representing The Sack of Troy and The Birth of Athena. He is said to have perfected the depiction of the human outline.

Spiteris, Tony...

Article

Clitias  

6th century, male.

Active in Athens.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Clitias, who worked with the potter Ergotimus, is known from his signature on five vases. The most famous of his works is the 'François Vase', named after Alexandre François who discovered it in Chiusi. This vase, a krater, is exceptional first of all for its size, with a maximum circumference of 1.81 metres (nearly 6 feet). A black-figure vase using a new technique for the time (beginning of the 6th century BC), its stylistic innovations do not exclude a number of archaic characteristics. The composition, which includes superimposed friezes of decorative motifs and processions of animals, is a survival from earlier, orientalising styles. The same is true of the shape of the eyes which, significantly, are shown frontally on faces presented in profile. While the limbs are shown in profile, the trunks of the figures are shown frontally. Despite this, Clitias has produced a composition of remarkable breadth, though with a tendency to a certain miniaturism - a tendency that was not to be taken up as Athenian vase painting evolved further....

Article

Craton of Sicyon  

7th century, male.

Active at the end of the 7th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Craton is mentioned only by Athenagoras, who credits him with the invention of monochrome painting.

Spiteris, Tony: La Peinture grecque et étrusque, Rencontre, Lausanne, 1965.

Article

Damasceno, Michele  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Born in Crete.

Painter.

Damasceno painted icons and decorative murals, dating from between 1571 and 1591, that are scattered throughout the Orthodox world, as well as in Italy. His works can be found in Heraklion (Crete) in the church of S Menas, in the convent on Mount Athos, in the churches of St Catherine of Sinai, at St Spyridon Flambouriaris in Zakynthos as well as in Venice in the church of St George of the Greeks. This artist established a point of contact with western art; through his work we can see an evolution of the style of icon painting towards western values. His work, however, retains a specifically Byzantine quality and whatever similarities can be found between his work and that of El Greco, a fellow Greek, stem from their common roots....

Article

Digeni, Xeno  

Greek, 15th century, male.

Born in Mocchlio.

Painter.

Work attributed to this artist are the frescoes at the church of Apano Flori on Crete.

Article

Dinas  

9th century, male.

Active in Greece 850 BC.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Dionysius  

Greek, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 15th and at the beginning of the 16th century.

Born c. 1440; died after 1503.

Painter.

Although of Greek origin, Dionysius painted mostly in Russia, in the company of his sons Theodosi and Vladimir. They worked together to paint frescoes at the Cathedral of the Dormition of the Virgin in the Ferapontov Monastry at Vologda in ...

Article

Ecphantus I  

7th – 6th century BC, male.

Born on Melos.

Painter, sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Ecphantus was born on the island of Melos, and left his inscription on a marble column that was taken from there to Venice in 1755. Today it is in Berlin. Nothing definite is known about his abilities as a painter....

Article

Ecphantus Ii, of Corinth  

7th century BC, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Ecphantus, according to Pliny, was the first to think of using crushed brick in painting.

Article

Emporio, Benedetto  

Greek, 16th century, male.

Active in Venicec.1550.

Painter.

The iconostatis of St George of the Greeks in Venice is composed of several paintings by this artist, including a Last Supper.

Article

Eucheir I  

7th century BC, male.

Born c. 7th century BC, in Corinth.

Sculptor, painter.

Ancient Greek.

Eucheir, according to Pliny the Elder, travelled with Damaratus and Eugrammus to Etruria. He was a potter, and can probably be identified with the artist who, according to Aristotle, invented painting in Greece....