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Ģelzis, Kristaps  

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1962, in Riga, Latvian SSR (now Latvia).

Painter, graphic artist, multimedia artist. Allegorical subjects, abstraction and portraiture. Sculptural objects, conceptual installations.

Of the generation that came of age during Latvia’s transition from Soviet occupation to political independence, Kristaps Ģelzis distinguished himself as the most cerebral of that nation’s artists while, paradoxically, anchoring his work in intrinsic properties of base materials, the timelessness of simple forms, and labour-intensive craft. The son and younger brother of renowned architects, Ģelzis resolved to pursue another creative vocation, first studying violin while attending Riga’s 50th Secondary School, then taking preparatory classes for the Latvian Art Academy in lieu of attending the art high school. As a student in the academy’s department of graphic art ...


Hulbeck, Beate  

German, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 1903, in Berlin.

Painter, collage artist.

American Abstract Artists (AAA).

The wife of Charles R. Hulbeck, Beate Hulbeck was a member of the American Abstract Artists Association. Her work was shown at collective exhibitions, including two at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris (...


Jouët, Michel  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 November 1943, in Cholet.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, engraver, mixed media.

Michel Jouët was attracted to art early on. From the start he applied himself to working on the geometric expression of abstract art which was itself, for some of its advocates, the mathematical representation of the world. His vocabulary is minimal, the line or metaphors of the line, his colours binary, black and white but worked in varied techniques. Michel Jouët creates series of works, on rhythms in ...


Krasner, Lee  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1908 or 1912, in Brooklyn (New York); died 20 June 1984, in New York City.

Painter, collage artist.

American Abstract Artists (AAA). School of New York.

Lee Krasner studied at the Woman’s Art School of the Cooper Union of New York and the National Academy of Design. She was much taken with the exhibition ...



Cuban, 20th century, female.

Born 1911, in Pinar del Rio.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor.

Lolo was a follower of the geometrically-inclined abstract art movement deriving from the work of Sophie Taüber-Arp and the Suprematism of Malevich.

After becoming heavily involved in trade union activities, Lolo was made cultural representative of the Republic of Cuba in Europe. In this position, in ...


Reinhardt, Ad  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 December 1913, in Buffalo (New York State); died 30 August 1967, in New York.

Painter, collage artist.

Post-painterly Abstraction.

American Abstract Artists (AAA). School of New York.

Ad Reinhardt finished studying art history at the University of Columbia in 1935. His teacher was Meyer Shapiro. In 1936 he embarked on a course at the National Academy of Design, New York, and American Artist’s School in New York, training under Carl Holty, who was to have a great influence on him. In 1937, during the American economic crisis, he was engaged on a governmental project that provided artists with a minimum amount of paid work. From 1945 to 1951 he attended courses at the Institute of Fine Arts at the University of New York and taught at Brooklyn College, New York, from 1947. He made trips to Europe in 1952 and 1954. He wrote a great many texts on art, including: ...


Stella, Frank  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1936, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, printmaker, mixed media.

Colour Field Painting, Post-painterly Abstraction, Minimal Art.

Frank Stella studied painting at the Phillips Academy in Andover and history at Princeton University, graduating in 1958. In 1959, he moved to New York, and took part in his first major exhibition, 16 Americans, at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year he held his first solo exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York, showing his earliest irregularly shaped canvases. Stella visited Europe in 1961, staying mainly in Britain, Spain, and France, before moving on to Morocco. In the same year, he married the art critic Barbara Rose. In 1982, he spent a year in Rome at the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1983, he was appointed a professor at Harvard University and gave a series of lectures there....


Valensi, André  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media).

Groupe Supports-Surfaces, 1968-1971.

André Valensi's work has unmistakably been influenced by American abstract artists such as Pollock, whose 'all over' compositions drew exploratory work by the likes of Newman, Reinhardt or even Rothko. The movement gained currency in France in the 1970s. Valensi views his compositions as a function of their physical presence and, like the other members of Supports-Surfaces, regards the act of painting as the proper subject of the painting itself. In this vein, Valensi produced a major series of canvases for which he cut up another canvas, previously impregnated with paint, and juxtaposed pieces of it both face-up and face down on the same surface. In this recto/verso approach - where paintings are deconstructed only to be reconstructed - Valensi accords the highest priority to the paint itself. The painting is no longer a canvas screen or a covered surface but an act of penetration, with a dark brown base used as a point of departure for disparate blues, reds, yellows and violets....