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Abesch, Hans Peter  

Swiss, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 15 August 1666, in Sursee; died 1740.

Painter, glass painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Glass painting.

He was the most distinguished member of his family, and examples of his work - generally subjects taken from history or the Old Testament - are not uncommon. He also painted genre scenes....


Acker, Jacob  

German, 15th century, male.

Active in Ulm.

Painter, glass painter. Religious subjects.

Acker belonged to a family of artists from Ulm. He is known to have produced religious paintings for the chapel of St Leonard in the church in Risstissen. They carry his signature and are dated ...


Aertsz., Richard  

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1482, in Wyck; died 1577, in Antwerp.

Painter. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Richard Aertsz. was the son of a poor Dutch fisherman. His leg was amputated after having been badly burned and, as a result, he chose a profession that could accommodate his handicap. Due to his remarkable talent he was sent to study with Jan Mostaert the elder, who was then a successful artist in Haarlem. The young Aertsz. was reportedly likable and witty, and these personal qualities and his exceptional circumstances were perhaps a factor in making him a favoured student. It is certainly true that when Aertsz. left Mostaert his work showed a talent superior to that of his master. His first work was a painting of scenes from the life of Joseph, which he produced on the panel flaps of the high altar in the main church of Haarlem. He then went to Antwerp, and was made a member of the town's Academy in ...


Alleaume, Ludovic  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...


Alphen, Michael van  

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 7 November 1840, in Bergen op Zoom, the Netherlands.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Michael van Alphen was a pupil of J. Portaels at the Brussels fine art academy. In 1866 he exhibited in Brussels and Amsterdam, and in ...


Arcimboldo, Giuseppe  

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1527, in Milan; died 11 July 1593, in Milan.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Prague School.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo belonged to a patrician family from Milan, which boasted three archbishops. Giuseppe, however, came from the ‘poor’ branch of the family. He was the son of Biagio and is assumed to have learned the rudiments of drawing and painting from his father, although no details of his training as an artist are known. His name first appears in a payment notice of 17 June 1551 in the cathedral construction records. He is believed to have gone to the court of the German emperors in 1561 and to have followed the court to its residences in Vienna and Prague. Arcimboldo enjoyed the successive patronage of Ferdinand I, Maximilian II, and in particular Rudolph II. From 1562 to 1585, his name appears regularly in the court registers: he was paid 20 florins a month and often received additional sums from the imperial purse. A court painter, he was also commissioned to arrange courtly entertainments such as processions, cavalcades, balls, and outdoor parties, and it is thought that he may have invented the carousel. He was also a musician and devised ‘a colourimetric method of musical transcription’ – a form of musical notation deciphered and performed on the harpsichord by the viol player Monzo. His biographers, Francine Legrand and Félix Sluys, liken this invention to ‘present-day methods for synchronising music and film’. He also advised on the content of imperial collections and travelled for his patrons, acquiring works of art on their behalf. In 1587, he received his discharge from Rudolph II (who made him Count Palatine in 1591) and returned, his fortune made, to the city of his birth, where he died, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1593 at the age of 63. He was buried at the church of S Pietro della Vigna (it no longer survives). On 28 November 1551, Arcimboldo painted five armorial bearings for the King of Bohemia and a decoration for the main door of the cathedral. In the years following, he painted ducal coats of arms for the feast of the Virgin, executed a map of the region of Volpedo, and repainted the cathedral façade. In collaboration with his father, he drew cartoons for stained glass windows depicting the ...


Ariaens, Lucas  

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Born in Antwerp; died 1493.

Painter. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Flemish School.

In 1549 Lucas Ariaens was admitted to the Confraternity of St Luke of which he was to be the dean five times. He was one of a number of skilled artists who were employed to embellish the church of Our Lady in Antwerp. He was involved in the making of the decorations celebrating the wedding of Charles the Bold in ...


Aricò, Gianni  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....


Attlmayr, Richard Isidor von  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 2 April 1831, in Innsbruck.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Studied at the academy of art in Munich where he was taught by Professors Joseph Schlotthauer and Johan Georg Hiltensperger. His first composition was Christmas for the collection of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. While living in Vienna he painted several altarpieces under the guidance first of Eugene de Blaas and later of Joseph von Furhrich. He moved to Munich where his painting ...


Balen, Hendrik van, the Elder  

Flemish School, 17th century, male.

Born 1575, in Antwerp; died 17 July 1632, in Antwerp.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes with figures. Designs for stained glass.

Hendrik van Balen the Elder's name will always remain linked to those of his celebrated pupils, van Dyck and Franz Snyders. He first studied under Martin de Vos, then (according to Van Mander) completed his training under Adam van Noort. Around 1592 he joined the Guild of St Luke as a free master and was a senior guild member from 1605-1610. He is known to have visited Rome as he was later part of the 'Romanist' guild whose members were drawn from Flemish artists who had lived in the city. In 1613 van Balen became a senior member of this guild. Like Rubens, he accumulated a fine collection of paintings and works of art in his house in Antwerp. In 1605 he married Marguerite Briers, with whom he had 11 children, several of whom became painters, though they were not as well known as their father. Van Balen painted small-scale landscapes with Biblical or mythological scenes on wood and copper. He also executed life-size altarpieces in a very different manner from that of his landscapes. He often called on the assistance of other artists: Jan (Velvet) Brueghel painted the detail and backgrounds in many of his works; Josse de Momper and Franz Snyders also made contributions to his paintings. Van Balen was influenced by his celebrated disciple van Dyck; a historical work by van Balen in the church of St James in Antwerp, in which the artist employs all the qualities of coloration and composition characteristic of van Dyck, could easily be attributed to the latter. Van Balen's works can be found in most major galleries, though few of them are signed. His drawings are rarer. He also executed cartoons for stained glass windows.His works include ...


Balmer, Joseph A.  

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 27 November 1828, in Abtwil.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Balmer learned the basics of design in the workshops of a goldsmith in Sins in the canton of Aargau, before moving to Anton Bühler's studio in Lucerne. In ...


Belles, Guilhelme  

Portuguese, 15th century, male.

Active in Portugal.

Glass painter.

This artist is known to have painted a Passion of Christ and five other works, some vestiges of which are conserved in the convent church of Batalha.


Bellomi, Federico  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Colognola ai Colli, near Verona.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Bellomi studied initially at the Cignaroli Academy in Verona. After World War II, he worked as a coal miner in St-Étienne in France. However, he spent most of his life in Verona where, ...


Bertini, Giuseppe  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 11 December 1825, in Milan; died 21 November 1898, in Milan.

Painter. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, urban landscapes, church interiors. Church decoration, frescoes, designs for stained glass.

Son of Giovanni Battista Bertini, who taught him the craft of painting on glass. Giuseppe Bertini also painted in oils, studying under Luigi Sabatelli and Giuseppe Bisi at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan, where, in ...


Billotey, Louis Léon Eugène  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Paris; died 14 June 1940, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, horses. Frescoes, murals, designs for stained glass.

Billotey studied under the academic painters Jules Lefebvre (1836-1911) and Tony Robert-Fleury (...


Bony, Paul Henri  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Le Mans; died 16 December 1982, as the result of an accident.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Paul Bony exhibited in Paris, showing a fresco at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in ...


Borel, Paul  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1828, in Lyons; died 1913.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass.

Paul Borel was a pupil of Louis Janmot. After 1863 Borel ceased to exhibit and began to decorate churches and chapels: he painted his frescoes unaided, and was unwilling to accept any payment for his work. His decorative works from this period include ...


Breu, Jörg, the Elder  

German, 16th century, male.

Born between 1475 and 1480, in Augsburg; died 1537, in Augsburg.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, battles, genre scenes, hunting scenes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Danube School (Augsburg).

Jörg Breu the Elder is mentioned from 1501...


Bronckhorst, Jan Gerritsz. van  

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1603, in Utrecht; died before 1677, in Amsterdam, in 1661 or 1662 according to some sources.

Painter, watercolourist, glass painter, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, animals. Murals.

Jan Gerritsz. van Bronckhorst studied in about 1614 with the glass-painters Jan van der Burch and Pieter Matthysz.. In 1621 he worked in Arras, then with Chamu in Paris. Back in Amsterdam in 1626 as a glass-painter, he studied oil-painting with Poelenburg. 1637 saw him in England; then in 1639 he was a member of the Utrecht guild. In 1650 he went to Amsterdam and on 24 January 1652 bought his citizenship there. His students included his two sons Gerrit and Jan Jansz. (?), whose works are often confused with his own, and Cesar van Everdingen....


Bruyes, Carlos  

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Glass painter.

School of Seville.

He worked in Spain, in 1558, on a Resurrection of Christ for the cathedral of Seville. In 1562, he was judged by the Inquisition.