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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Orientalism.

Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Antwerp; died 1941, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Art Nouveau.

Having first studied law, Ghisbert Combaz became a pupil at the academy in Antwerp and a professor at the Brussels academy. He spent most of his life in Antwerp, where he exhibited from 1886 onwards; he also exhibited in conjunction with the association of Art Nouveau artists known as the Libre Esthétique from 1897. As an art historian, he made special study of the art of the Far East. With their sinuous and undulating rhythm, the arabesques in his engravings and posters provide typical examples of the Modern Style....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 October 1867, in Rendsburg.

Painter, illustrator, sculptor. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes. Murals.

Ludwig Fahrenkrog was a student of Hugo Vogel and Anton Alexander von Werner at the academy of fine arts in Berlin, where he received many prizes. In ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1871, later naturalised in France.

Born 25 May 1841, in Paris, to Swiss parents; died 23 October 1917, in Sceaux (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, decorative designer. Religious subjects, urban landscapes. Designs for stained glass, designs (fabric/ceramics), furniture...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 or 30 March 1838, in Fourquevoux (Haute-Garonne); died 23 March 1921, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

In spite of very deprived circumstances, Jean-Paul Laurens showed from the earliest age exceptional draftsmanship and the determination to paint against serious odds. His efforts got him admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, after which he went to Paris on a scholarship from the Haute-Garonne local authority. He studied under Léon Cogniet and Bida. After 1872 his reputation became established. Following on from Meissonnier at the Institut de France, becoming head of the Académie de Toulouse and professor at the Académie Julian, he had countless pupils and held an important place in the teaching of painting in France....

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1859, in Baden, near Vienna; died 9 April 1925, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Johannes Mayerhofer studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna and worked mainly on decorations for churches....

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1856, in Copenhagen; died 9 March 1933, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, potter, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Designs for mosaics, murals.

Joaquim Skøvgaard was the son of Peter Kristian Skøvgaard. He exhibited on various occasions in Paris, most notably at the Expositions Universelles of ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 March 1856, in Omsk; died 1 April 1910, in St Petersburg.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal/ink), watercolourist, illustrator, sculptor, designer, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Murals, church decoration, theatre sets.

Symbolism.

Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions), Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Abramtsevo Artists’ Colony...