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Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Antwerp; died 1941, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Art Nouveau.

Having first studied law, Ghisbert Combaz became a pupil at the academy in Antwerp and a professor at the Brussels academy. He spent most of his life in Antwerp, where he exhibited from 1886 onwards; he also exhibited in conjunction with the association of Art Nouveau artists known as the Libre Esthétique from 1897. As an art historian, he made special study of the art of the Far East. With their sinuous and undulating rhythm, the arabesques in his engravings and posters provide typical examples of the Modern Style....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1 August 1865, in London, to Scottish parents; died 5 January 1917, in London.

Painter, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes, flowers. Designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Isobel Gloag studied at the St John's Wood Art School and the Slade School in London, then in the studio of M.W. Ridley. She also studied with Raphaël Collin in Paris. She liked to illustrate scenes from old ballads and romances. Her style is similar to that of the Pre-Raphaelites. She suffered from health problems throughout her life. She was a member of the Ridley Art Club and exhibited at the Royal Academy from ...

Article

A. Ziffer

(b Munich, Oct 30, 1868; d Munich, Oct 9, 1940).

German painter, illustrator, teacher and poster designer. The son of the painter Christian Jank (1833–88), he attended Simon Hollósy’s private art school in Munich before studying (1891–6) at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, also in Munich, under Ludwig von Löfftz (1845–1910) and Paul Höcker (1854–1910). From 1896 he exhibited at the Munich Secession, and he became a member of Scholle, Die, founded in 1899. A regular contributor to the journal Jugend and at the forefront of modernism, he made his mark as a humorous illustrator, portraying allegories and scenes from military life. Jank also designed posters (e.g. Underworld, 1896; Berlin, Mus. Dt. Gesch.). He taught at the Damenakademie (1899–1907). Having come to prominence as a portrayer of events from German history with three monumental paintings for Berlin’s Reichstag building (destr.) in 1905, he collaborated with Adolf Münzer (1870–1952) and ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1872, in Montauban; died 7 September 1931, in Montricoux.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, urban landscapes.

Marcel-Lenoir's father was a jeweller and goldsmith and the artist himself learned to set stones and engrave metal. He moved to Paris at a very early age, earning his living as an engraver and lithographer....

Article

Ingrid Sattel Bernardini

[Sigmind]

(b Kassel, Dec 10, 1794; d Kassel, March 7, 1887).

German painter, printmaker, illustrator and writer. After having lessons in drawing from his father, the sculptor and printmaker Johann Christian Ruhl (1764–1842), Ruhl studied from 1806 at the Kassel Kunstakademie. In order to gain a more thorough training in history painting, he spent the winter of 1812–13 studying anatomy at the university at Göttingen and then a year at the Akademie in Dresden.

Ruhl achieved his first successes in Kassel with pictures of horses, as Horse Race in Antiquity (1813; Kassel, Neue Gal.). In 1815, after serving in the Hessian cavalry fighting Napoleon, Ruhl continued his artistic studies in Munich and formed a close association with the painter Carl Philipp Fohr. The two shared an enthusiasm for chivalric romances and undertook joint commissions to illustrate them. Examples by Ruhl include drawings for Ludwig Tieck’s Melusine (c. 1815–16; Kassel, Neue Gal.; Frankfurt am Main, Städel. Kstinst. & Städt. Gal.)....

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 20 January 1850, in Alcoy, near Alicante; died 14 April 1910, in Madrid.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. History painting, religious and mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes. Murals.

Sala y Francés studied under his cousin Placido Francés and under Salustiano Asenjo at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Valencia before settling in Madrid, where he initially complemented his studies by copying works by Goya and Velázquez. He went on to teach at the school of painting in Madrid from 1907....

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 23 October 1835, in Saragossa; died 10 March 1905.

Painter, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, military subjects, portraits, genre scenes. Murals.

Marcelino de Unceta y López studied at the fine arts academies in Saragossa and Madrid and at the studio of C. L. Ribera ...