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Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1992.

Born 8 September 1934, in Havana.

Painter, draughtsman, graphic designer, film maker.

Armas studied Cuban archaeology, and rupestrian art in particular. He was a caricaturist at first, then a graphic designer and film maker. He established the cartoon department at the Cuban institute of cinematic arts. He won several prizes for this work. In ...

Article

Paraguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Itauga Guazù.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, film producer, video artist.

Enrique Collar entered the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Manuel Belgrano in Buenos Aires in 1988. Since 1997 he has produced audiovisual works including videos like El Presente...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1961, in Caxias do Sul.

Video artist, photographer.

Rochelle Costi lives and works in São Paulo and is known mainly for her photographs. She has participated in numerous collective exhibitions, including: Ultrabaroque: Aspects of Post-Latin American Art touring exhibition, Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth (...

Article

Sarah Urist Green

revised by Julia Detchon

(b Santiago, Chile, Feb 5, 1956).

Chilean architect, public interventionist, installation artist, photographer, and filmmaker, active in the USA. He first studied architecture at the Universidad de Chile in Santiago, then filmmaking at the Instituto Chileno-Norteamericano de Cultura, Santiago, concluding in 1981. Throughout his career, Jaar’s works have taken many forms in order to address global themes of injustice and illuminate structures of power. In over fifty projects he termed “public interventions,” Jaar conducted extensive research around the world to create site-specific works that reflect political and social realities near and far from his sites of exhibition. He created works—in gallery spaces and in public, often engaging spectator involvement—that present images critically and confront the social and political interests they serve.

Jaar’s first public intervention was Studies on Happiness (1979–1981), a three-year series of performances and exhibitions in which he asked the question, “Are you happy?” of people in the streets of Santiago. Inspired by ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 12 December 1946, in Buenos Aires.

Installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1958, David Lamelas had his first moment of aesthetic epiphany before Velázquez's The Maids of Honour ( Las Meñinas) in the Prado. He studied at the Buenos Aires fine arts academy ...

Article

Susan Snodgrass

(b Madrid, Spain, 1961).

Chicago-based American sculptor also working in photography, video and installation. He received a BA in art and art history and a BA in Latin American and Spanish literature from Williams College in 1983. In 1989 he earned a MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

Manglano-Ovalle’s hybrid practice emerged with Tele-vecindario: A Street-Level Video Block Party, a public art project created for Culture in Action, a community-based art program in Chicago in 1992–3. Working with Latino youth in Chicago’s West Town community, an area often challenged by substandard housing, drugs and gang violence, the artist facilitated a multimedia portrait of their lives in which these youth constructed their own images and concept of self. Issues of identity, community and migration, as they relate to both cultural and geographic borders, have been explored throughout his prestigious career that includes collaborative modes of working, as well as individual works sited within the museum or gallery. For Manglano-Ovalle, culture encompasses a broad network of systems—artistic, political, environmental, scientific—in constant dialogue, negotiated by both artist and viewer....

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Neira.

Painter, engraver, film maker.

David Manzur studied painting in Bogotá, the USA, the Canary Isles and Canada. He first exhibited in 1953. Manzur took part in the From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978-1988...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, female.

Performance artist, video artist, photographer.

Teresa Margolles has taken part in group exhibitions including, in 2000, the Lyons Biennale and also in 2000, Under the Grisaille of Mexico ( Sous la Grisaille de Mexico), at the Passage de Retz in Paris. The Yvonamor Palix Espace d'Art hosted the artist's first solo exhibition in Paris in ...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 1948, in Havana; died 1985, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, video artist, photographer.

Land Art, Body Art.

Ana Mendieta's family left Cuba for political reasons. She studied in the USA at the University of Iowa and began as a painter before making a radical change of direction. Ana Mendieta died in mysterious circumstances. From ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Jalapa, Veracruz, April 27, 1962).

Mexican sculptor, photographer and video artist. He studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in Mexico City (1981–4) and at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid (1986–7). In 1995 he worked in Berlin on a Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst (DAAD) grant. On his arrival in Berlin, Orozco bought a yellow Schwalbe (Swallow) motor scooter. This featured in a series of 40 Cibachrome photographs, Until You Find Another Yellow Schwalbe (1995; London, Tate), each of which shows this scooter paired with the identical models he came across in Berlin. The Schwalbe appears as a symbol of the recently defunct East Germany, where it had been produced, but also as a more general symbol of obsolescence. The strategy of reframing found objects (often as banal as pieces of fruit) is central to Orozco’s work, providing a connection between public and private spheres. This reframing is usually based on formal alignment or coincidence, for instance with ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Painter, intervention artist, video artist. Multimedia.

In 1995 Orta took part in the international contemporary art fair in Paris, held at the Yvonamor Palix art space. In 1996, he organised an exhibition revealing the diversity of his techniques at the gallery in Pointe du Dourven (Côtes-d'-Armor)....

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Installation artist, video artist.

Work by Eder Santos has been included in collective exhibitions, for instance the 1996 Biennale in São Paulo.

Farias, Agnaldo: ‘Brésil: petit manuel d'instructions’ in Art Press n° 221, periodical, Paris, February 1997.

Article

Chilean, 20th century, female.

Active in New York.

Installation artist, performance artist, poet, film maker.

Cecilia Vicuna studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes at the University of Santiago de Chile, then at the Slade School of Fine Arts at University College London. She lives and works in New York....