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Article

(Edward)

(b Alfred, ME, July 17, 1883; d San Francisco, Nov 11, 1973).

American photographer. Self-taught, Abbe started to produce photographs at the age of 12. From 1898 to 1910 he worked in his father’s bookshop and then worked as a reporter for the Washington Post, travelling to Europe in 1910. Having earlier produced photographs of ships and sailors for tourist cards, from 1913 to 1917 he worked as a freelance photojournalist in Virginia. In 1917 he set up a studio in New York, where he produced the first photographic cover for the Saturday Evening Post as well as photographs for Ladies Home Journal, the New York Times and other publications. From 1922 to 1923 he worked as a stills photographer, actor and writer for film studios. Though this was mainly for Mack Sennett in Hollywood, he also worked for D. W. Griffiths as a stills photographer on Way Down East (1920) and accompanied Lilian Gish to Italy to provide stills for Griffiths’s ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 5 April 1901, in Kazan; died 9 August 1982.

Engraver, illustrator, film producer.

Aleksandr Alekseev started by collaborating on theatre productions by Georges Pitoëff, Louis Jouvet and Gaston Baty. He invented a technique of engraving on wood and copper and, after ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Madison (Georgia).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

African-American artist Benny Andrews served in the USA Air Force during the Korean War. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 2 May 1851, in Murcia; died 27 July 1913, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including charcoal), illustrator, photographer. Figures, genre scenes, street scenes, local scenes (bullfighting), interiors with figures, horses.

Enrique Atalaya Gonzales was a pupil of German Hernandez Amores. He settled in Paris in 1886 and later became a naturalised French citizen. He was a popular genre painter, but he also worked as an illustrator for Parisian publishing houses, providing illustrations for the works of Cervantes, among others. He was a brilliant painter of typical Spanish scenes, such as bullfights, inn scenes and wild horses....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 June 1931, in National City (California).

Painter, video artist, photographer. Artist’s books.

Conceptual Art.

John Baldessari lives and works in Santa Monica, California. At the end of the 1950s, he decided to abandon painting and burned his pictures. He has stated that he profoundly disagreed with art in general, and therefore decided to give people what they understood best: written language and photography....

Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 13 April 1823, in Oslo; died 1 May 1906, in Oslo.

Painter, illustrator, photographer. Historical subjects, military portraits, equestrian portraits. Decorative schemes.

Balling studied decorative painting at the royal school of art in Oslo, after which he spent some time in Copenhagen and Bremen before studying for two years at the Berlin academy. He returned to Oslo in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Merseyside.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, installation artist. Wordscapes, film. Artist’s books. Artist’s multiples..

Fiona Banner has a BA in Fine Art from Kingston Polytechnic in London, and an MA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths College in London. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1904; died 1980.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), illustrator, designer, photographer. Portraits, landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Sir Cecil Beaton was influenced, in the first half of the 20th century, by the Russian ballets of Diaghilev and the fashionable world surrounding Coco Chanel. He was particularly known as a theatrical costume designer, for the famous musical comedies ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 14 January 1904, in London, UK; died 18 January 1980, in Broad Chalke, UK.

Photographer, illustrator, scenographer. Portraits, fashion photography, costume, film set and stage design.

Cecil Beaton established himself as a fashion photographer during the Roaring Twenties, when he circulated among the Bright Young Things, a group of British socialites that included Evelyn Waugh, the Mitfords and the Sitwells. His portraits and fashion photographs attracted the attention of American magazine editors, and in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active also in France.

Born 1902 , in Kattowitz, Germany (now Katowice, Poland); died 24 February 1975 , in Paris.

Photographer, Painter (gouache), sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits.

Surrealist group.

Raised in a family of engineers, Hans Bellmer trained as a technical draughtsman at the polytechnic college in Berlin ...

Article

Bertall  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 18 December 1820, in Paris; died 24 March 1883, in Soyons (Ardèche).

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), lithographer, illustrator, photographer.

Albert d'Arnoux elected to paint under this pseudonym at the suggestion of Honoré de Balzac. He emerged as one of the most prolific illustrators of the second half of the 19th century but, although his drawings are amusing, they lack any distinctive personality. He was chosen by the publishing house Barba to illustrate popular editions of the works of Fenimore Cooper, Paul de Kock, Pigault-Lebrun and others, and is reputed to have engraved some 3,600 plates for Barba alone. Bertall also furnished numerous comic illustrations for magazines such as ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Fluxus.

Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1904, in Nice; died 1997.

Illustrator, decorative designer, photographer.

Marcel Bovis studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Nice. As a decorative artist he collaborated with P. Follot, L. Sue, and others. He was one of the organisers of the short-lived Salon des Quatre Couleurs in Paris....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 May 1943, in Long Eaton (Derbyshire); died 14 October 2005, in London.

Painter, printmaker, draughtsman, photographer, film maker. Artists’ books.

Artist Placement Group.

Ian Breakwell studied at the Derby College of Art (1961-1965). After graduation, he moved to Smithfields in London. In the 1970s he was a member of the Artist Placement Group (APG) and was posted to the Department for Health and Social Security where he produced a film, ...

Article

born Michael Tims

Canadian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 16 June 1946, in Vancouver.

Performance artist, installation artist, photographer. Artists’ books

General Idea.

AA Bronson studied at the University of Manitoba’s School of Architecture and was involved with an underground newspaper and workshops there in the mid-1960s. Through these activities he met Felix Partz and, in Vancouver, Jorge Zontal. Together they formed the seminal artist trio General Idea in Toronto in 1969. General Idea created a variety of projects—from performances and paintings to FILE magazine (1972–1989) and the artist-run collection and distribution centre Art Metropole (1974–)—during their 25-year collaboration, which ended when Partz and Zontal died of AIDS-related causes in 1994. Bronson has since produced solo work, often involving photographic self-portraits, and collaborative performances, often devoted to healing, such as his series of Invocation of the Queer Spirits performances from 2008.

AA Bronson’s practice also encompasses his activities as an editor, writer and curator for Art Metropole projects as well as projects with other collaborators. His artist’s books continued his practice from General Idea of extending and translating performances, installations, and other art forms into widely distributable print editions. He has been active in Toronto, New York City and Berlin. He served as director of Printed Matter, Inc., in New York ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born in California.

Engraver, photographer. Artists' books.

Michele Burgess ran the Brighton Press publishing house in San Diego. Her work is essentially based on the feeling of nature. Her artists' books include: Poem made of Water with the poet Nancy Willard (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1961 active in France.

Born 26 April 1922, in Haine-St-Pierre; died 27 September 2005, in Paris.

Sculptor, collage artist, photomontage artist, monotype artist, illustrator. Designs for jewellery, monuments.

Kinetic Art.

Groups: Hainaut Surrealist group, Haute Nuit, Madí, CoBrA.

Pol Bury first stayed in France between 1929 and 1932. In 1938 he attended the academy of fine arts in Mons. In 1940 he made his debut in Surrealism with a journal entitled ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953 , in Paris.

Installation artist, photographer, film producer. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art, Art Narratif.

Starting from a narrative framework, Sophie Calle creates installations, books, films, and even CDs, illustrating an autobiographical experience or exploring the limits between private and public space. Texts accompany the photographs as part of the exhibit on the wall. Artists’ books she has published include: ...