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Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1942 or 1943, in M’chigeeng (West Bay), Manitoulin Island. Died 2005, Ottawa.

Draughtsman, painter, ceramicist, installation artist.

Carl Beam, a distinguished Ojibwa artist, was the first Canadian indigenous artist to gain recognition for contemporary Native American art by having one of his pieces accepted into the National Gallery of Art (Ottawa). He achieved a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Victoria, and ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 15 June 1903, in Piatra Neamt; died 12 March 1966, in Paris.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, landscapes, animals.

Surrealist group.

Victor Brauner's father ran a sawmill in Piatra Neamt, a small village in the Carpathian mountains in Romania. Brauner said that his childhood was marked by the atmosphere of a 'small village by the edge of a river', where he watched 'giant tree trunks, tied into rafts, on which people lived as they went down the river'. As a child, he witnessed the spiritualist sessions in which his father participated. After a brief stay in Vienna where he began his schooling and a trip down the Danube, he was back in Romania where he was drafted into compulsory work from 1916 to 1918. A pupil at the Braila evangelical school, he developed a passion for zoology and painted in the Belu cemetery in Bucharest. Between 1921 and 1923, he took courses at the fine arts school and the free academy in Bucharest, then spent time by the Black Sea in Falticeni and Balchík, where he painted his 'Cézannian landscapes'. In 1924, he founded the review ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 November 1949, in Morro d'Alba (province of Ancona, Marche).

Sculptor, draughtsman, painter, mixed media, potter. Figures, landscapes, architectural views.

Transavanguardia.

Enzo Cucchi is 'the third C' of the Italian Transavangardia movement, with Sandro Chia and Francesco Clemente. He spent some time at the school in Macerata working in conceptual art and also as a restorer. He lives and works in Ancona and Rome....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Montreal.

Painter, print artist (woodcuts), ceramicist, installation artist, mixed media. Murals.

Land Art.

During the 1950s, René Derouin studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal and the Institut des Arts Graphiques. For some years, he studied with Pablo O'Higgins, one of the founders of the Mexican popular studios, and at the Esmeralda School of the University of Mexico, which had been founded by Diego Rivera. He settled in Val-David, in the Laurentians, north of Montreal. In ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, female.

Active in Argentina from 1940 and in France from 1961; naturalised in 1981 in France.

Born 27 November 1923, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, ceramicist, collage artist. Figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Neo-Constructivism, Symbolism.

Simona Ertan took classes in drawing, painting and linoleum engraving in Bucharest from 1934 to 1940. At the end of 1940 she left with her family for Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires. There, while continuing to paint, she took classes in aesthetics and pottery. In 1950, her encounter with Picasso's ...

Article

Farfa  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1881, in Trieste; died 1964, in San Remo.

Painter, collage artist, potter.

Futurism.

Farfa's early years were uneventful, until he met the Futurists on the evening of 12 January 1910 in Trieste. He forged a lasting bond with Marinetti in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1910, in Russia; died 30 September 1990, in Roussillon, France.

Painter, collage artist, ceramicist.

Eugène Fidler studied in Nice, then in Paris where he was admitted to the École d'Architecture. He dropped this subject and concentrated on painting and pottery. He settled in Vallauris after World War II and continued his work as a ceramicist. From ...

Article

Fillia  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 October 1904, in Revello; died 9 February 1936, in Turin.

Painter, photomontage artist, writer, illustrator. Murals, ceramics.

Futurism.

Luigi Enrico Colombo took the pseudonym Fillia, which was his mother's maiden name. Although he died at the age of only 32, he was one of the most far-sighted thinkers to influence the evolution of artistic expression between the two World Wars. In fact, in the course of the many journeys he made right up to his death in Paris, he was in contact with the pioneers of abstract art, which was at that time ignored by everyone, and this was how he came to be linked with the leaders of the ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1905, naturalised Italian.

Born 19 February 1899, in Rosario de Santa Fé, to Italian parents; died 7 September 1968, in Comabbio (Varese).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, sculptor, potter, draughtsman.

Spatialism.

Abstraction-Création group.

At the age of six, Lucio Fontana went to Italy with his parents, an Argentinian mother and his Italian father, Luigi Fontana, who was a funerary sculptor. It appears that he later went back to Argentina, only returning to Italy as a soldier during World War I. When the war was over he returned to Argentina and remained there from 1922 to 1927, working for a time in his father’s business before devoting himself entirely to sculpture and returning to Italy in 1927. In Milan, Fontana enrolled as a student of sculpture with Adolfo Wildt at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and received his diploma in 1930. In 1934, with other artists, he founded the ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 17 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, mixed media, potter.

Odile Frachet was originally a decorator of crockery and porcelain, and has taught in a number of different workshops. She creates ceramic panels and collages, in a solidly structured, naturalistic yet abstract style. She also made a fountain for the water treatment factory in Toulouse....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1932.

Born 5 December 1912, in Lódz; died 7 August 1991, in Angers, France.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, draughtsman, ceramicist. Designs for tapestries.

Thomas Gleb was self-taught. He arrived in Paris in 1932 and settled in Angers in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in San Francisco.

Painter, video artist.

Mary Heilmann studied literature at the University of Santa Barbara and ceramics and sculpture at Berkeley in the 1960s. She settled in New York. Starting out as a ceramicist and sculptor, in 1968...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 13 March 1911, in Boston; died 27 July 2007, in Jaffrey, New Hampshire.

Painter, draughtswoman, watercolourist, print artist, collage artist, assemblage artist, ceramicist, sculptor. Figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes.

American Abstract Artists (AAA).

Fannie Hillsmith was the granddaughter of painter and interior decorator Frank Hill Smith, who later joined his second given name to his family name to form the name Frank Hillsmith. The fact that both of them had the name F. Hillsmith gives rise to some confusion....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1975.

Born 9 July 1937, in Bradford (West Yorkshire).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver (etching/aquatint), lithographer, illustrator, draughtsman, photographer. Portraits, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, stage costumes, painted ceramics...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 3 April 1914, in Veirum or Vejrum (Jutland); died 1 May 1973, in Aarhus.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, lithographer, potter, draughtsman. Designs for tapestries.

Groups: International Situationist, CoBrA, International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1958, in La Clayette (Saône-et-Loire).

Installation artist, painter. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Since 1997, Anne-Marie Jugnet has been producing work in collaboration with Alain Clairet. In her early work, Jugnet often used a photographic process and neon lighting, which constructed and conceptualised around words or phrases which she 'brought into dialogue' with different environments. Working with Alain Clairet, the two artists seek to define the conditions of production of an object, to understand how it exists within reality, what it represents. To do this they deconstruct. Hence the 'American Series' in which elements of town plans, including empty, unbuilt areas that are displayed in guide books, are enlarged to a human scale. These works question the notions of emptiness, of flat geometric areas, of non-perspective, of reference, of a different way of perceiving. Another series of paintings, the ...

Article

Algerian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Ain-Beida.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, potter.

Koraichi studied at the school of fine art in Algiers, before continuing his education in Paris. He began as an engraver and practised calligraphy inspired by ethnic and then imaginary sources, which he transposed onto various materials such as wood, parchment, silk, and ceramic....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in The Hague.

Painter, sculptor, ceramicist.

Lely studied art in The Hague in 1966 and ceramics in Groningen in 1980. He continued his education in sculpture in Pietrasanta, Italy in 1985. His mixed media works are linked to Matterist Abstraction. He has taken part in collective exhibitions since ...