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Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1918, in Ghent.

Painter. Figures, seascapes.

Having studied at the fine art academy in Brussels, Marc Abel went on to work in Hamburg, Munich and London. His style was influenced by Fauvism. His favourite themes were the sea, ports, and cafés with girls. He also painted still-lifes and flowers....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1908; died 2000.

Painter. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, waterscapes, mountainscapes, seascapes.

Henri Auchère's evolved over several different periods, and belies a Fauvist influence; he was advised from Montezin. He was also a jeweller.

Ateliers: Georges Roubaudo, Henri Auchère, Hans Keller...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1951.

Painter. Portraits.

New Fauves.

Elvira Bach worked in West Berlin, and first exhibited at St Paul de Vence in 1986. Female portraits are the core of her work.

Munich, 5 June 1987: Red Nude (1983, oil on panel...

Article

Slav, 20th century, female.

Active in Germany.

Born 1885; died 1960.

Painter. Figures, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes.

Born in Yugoslavia, Erma Barrera-Bossi completed her arts studies in Munich. She worked within the parameters of neo-fauvist art.

Closely linked with Gabriele Münter and Kandinsky, she featured between ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890, in Brussels; died 1953, in Brussels.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Gaston de Beer was a student at the academy of fine arts in Brussels. His painting belongs to the Brabantian Fauvist school.

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 23 April 1882, in Pforzheim; died 1961, in Geneva.

Painter. Nudes, landscapes, portraits, still-lifes.

Alexandre Blanchet worked initially in Paris. Although his painting exhibits Expressionist, Fauvist and Cubist influences, it is clear that he was greatly influenced by the work of Cézanne in particular. This is most evident in his paintings of traditional Swiss themes, which are executed in a decidedly Post-Impressionist style. His forceful treatment of volume and space and his accomplished and evocative use of blocks of colour impart a sense of Cézanne-like 'sculpture' to his work. This similarity is intensified by his technique of painting parallel lines in different shades of the same colour, a feature of ...

Article

Els Maréchal

Term first used in 1941 by the Belgian critic Paul Fierens to describe the style of painting of an informal group of artists active in and around Brussels (Brabant province), c. 1910–23. Its founder-members included Fernand Schirren, Louis Thévenet, Willem Paerels (1878–1962), Charles Dehoy and Auguste Oleffe, who had already been grouped together in Le Labeur art society, founded in 1898. When, in 1906, Oleffe moved to Auderghem, his house became an established meeting-place, and Edgard Tytgat, Jean Brusselmans, Anne-Pierre de Kat (1881–1968) and the most prominent member of the group Rik Wouters became associated. The first exhibition of the work of those who were later called the Brabant Fauvists was held at the Galerie Giroux in Brussels in 1912. Inspired by a variety of directions within Impressionism, the group rejected Symbolism and was heavily influenced by James Ensor. They sought to express themselves through a clear visual language, with pure glowing colours and precise composition. They chose simple subjects, such as still-lifes, harmonious landscapes and scenes from everyday life executed in a painterly manner with spontaneous, expressive brushstrokes, for example ...

Article

Lewis Kachur

(b Argenteuil-sur-Seine, Seine-et-Oise, May 13, 1882; d Paris, Aug 31, 1963).

French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contribution to the history of art was his role in the development of what became known as Cubism. In this Braque’s work is intertwined with that of his collaborator Pablo Picasso, especially from 1908 to 1912. For a long time it was impossible to distinguish their respective contributions to Cubism, for example in the development of Collage, while Picasso’s fame and notoriety overshadowed the quiet life of Braque.

His family moved in 1890 to Le Havre, where his father had a painting and decorating business. In 1897 Braque entered the municipal art school, where he met and became friendly with Othon Friesz and Raoul Dufy. He joined them in Paris at the turn of the century and, after a year of army service, settled in Montmartre in 1902. He began to visit the Musée du Louvre, where he encountered van Gogh’s work, and that October he began to study at the Académie Humbert, where his fellow students included Francis Picabia and Marie Laurencin. The following year he studied briefly with ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1884, in Brussels; died 1953, in Dilbeek.

Painter. Figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, seascapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Brabant Fauvism.

Jean Brusselmans was apprenticed at a very early age to the Belgian Society of Lithographers ; he took evening courses from the age of fifteen until ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Jena (Thuringia).

Painter.

New Fauves.

There have been solo exhibitions of Büttner's works in several galleries in Germany, the USA and Spain. He was influenced by the work of his fellow countryman Jorg Immendorf. His paintings use muted colours and synthetic compositions, and show a desire to use classical methods to express new ideas....

Article

Vanina Costa

(b Marseille, Sept 23, 1879; d Paris, May 20, 1965).

French painter. After the death of his father, he was brought up by his mother alone, whose endless travels seem to have affected his studies. At 16 he simultaneously enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Marseille, which he attended in the morning, and at the Ecole de Commerce. After winning a prize for drawing, he was encouraged by his mother to enter Gustave Moreau’s studio at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, which he did in May 1898, shortly before Moreau’s death. Although he barely had time to derive any benefit from Moreau’s teaching, he formed several lasting friendships among fellow students later associated with Fauvism: Manguin, Puy, Rouault, Matisse and especially Marquet, with whose work his own shows marked affinities.

After Moreau’s death, when Camoin’s fellow students enrolled in other studios or private art schools, he worked alone or else with Marquet in the streets of Paris during the few hours that Marquet was not at the Académie Carrière. Camoin’s portrait of ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 January 1899, in Le Passage (Lot-et-Garonne).

Painter. Landscapes.

Roger de Cardelus painted large areas of flatly applied colour in the Fauvist manner. He was a regular exhibitor at the Salon d'Hiver in Paris from 1949 to 1953. He also exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants ...

Article

Swiss, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1978 active in Germany.

Born 1951, in Lucerne.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), performance artist. Figures, nudes.

Body Art, New Fauves.

Luciano Castelli lives and works in Berlin. He appeared on the international art scene at the beginning of the 1980s, at the same time as German Neo-Expressionism and Italian Transavanguardia. He soon emerged as the key figure among what critics called the New Fauves. He practises a form of art in which performance, painting and concert are combined and complement each other. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 October 1882, in Paimboeuf (Loire-Atlantique).

Painter, fresco artist. History painting, portraits.

Chapleau's style was influenced both by late Post-Impressionism and later Fauvist works. Between 1913 and 1924, he exhibited religious and mythological subjects at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He also painted portraits and frescoes....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Ixelles (Brussels); died 1949, in Ukkel.

Painter. Figures, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes.

Brabant Fauvism.

Philibert Cockx was a pupil of Isidore Verheyden at the fine arts academy in Brussels. In 1922, he exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris, where he showed two pictures, ...

Article

Matthew Gale

(b Florence, Oct 16, 1900; d Fiesole, Nov 13, 1988).

Italian painter. A child prodigy, he published music and exhibited paintings at the age of 13, and met Umberto Boccioni and Ardengo Soffici. He produced Fauvist works (e.g. Self-portrait in a Bathing Robe, 1915; Fiesole, Fond. Primo Conti) before forming a wartime Florentine Futurist group with Achille Lega (1899–1934) and Ottone Rosai. His dynamic paintings, such as Refugees at the Station (1918; Fiesole, Fond. Primo Conti), coincided with contributions to L’Italia futurista, of which he became editor before being called up in 1918. After World War I, Conti’s shifting interests were reflected in his periodicals Il centone (1919; edited with Corrado Pavolini (b 1898)) and L’enciclopedia (1920–23). He met Filippo de Pisis and developed a mysterious realism influenced by Pittura Metafisica, although it was the contemporary treatment of his Rape of the Sabines (1925; priv. col.; see 1980–81 exh. cat., p. 179) that caused controversy at the Rome Biennale of ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1884, in Verviers; died 1971, in Brussels.

Painter, draughtsman.

Brabant Fauvism.

Counhaye began his studies at the art school in Verviers and then entered the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. He exhibited for the first time in 1914 at the 'Salon des Bleus' and from 1916 onwards featured in the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris. On his return to Belgium, he executed various works such as tapestries, mosaics and stained glass windows. He exhibited in Belgium and also in New York in 1961. A fine draughtsman, he excelled in the technique of the Indian ink wash, portraying piteous nudes and affecting scenes. He also produced monumental works such as stained glass windows and tapestries. He was a professor at the academy at La Cambre....

Article

Ronald Alley

(b Bulle, Switzerland, April 24, 1878; d Paris, Jan 30, 1958).

French painter of Swiss birth. From 1901 he spent almost all his life in Paris, studying there at the Académie Julian. His early work was influenced first by Impressionism, then by Fauvism and Art Nouveau, and included a number of rhythmically stylized female heads in pastel colours, followed from c. 1910 by a more strongly constructed Cubist phase. He spent two years in New York (1914–16), where he met (Henri-Robert-)Marcel Duchamp—whose sister Suzanne Duchamp he married in 1919—and Francis Picabia, and became involved in the Dada movement until 1921; his Dada paintings and reliefs are delicate and poetic and often combine the forms of objects, such as mechanical instruments, with words and typography, as in his portrait of Thomas Edison (1920; London, Tate).

In the 1920s, seeking to create a visionary art that would transport the artist and viewer into unknown worlds expressive of the aspirations of the soul, Crotti began to produce pictures in a variety of styles, sometimes completely abstract, like ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 8 October 1954, in St Tönis (Krefeld).

Painter.

New Fauves.

Mülheimer Freedom Group.

Dahn took part in several group exhibitions, including: 1976, Beuys and his Pupils at the Kunstverein in Frankfurt; 1980, Even if the Guinea-Fowl Weeps Quietly with H.-P. Adamski, P. Bömmels and J. G. Dokoupil in Cologne and ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1870 or 1872, in Brussels; died 1940, in Brussels.

Painter. Landscapes, figures, still-lifes.

Brabant Fauvism.

Charles Dehoy was self-taught, and encouraged by Auguste Oleffe he exhibited at the Antwerp Salon in 1901. However, he only became known during the period of Brabant Fauvism. His travels in France, mainly in Provence, initiated him into modern French painting. He evolved from a delicate impressionism to works made up of blotches of pure colour whose tones express light and joy. His chromatic range would subsequently become more subdued. His still-lifes, which are permanent features of his work, reveal a sense of poetic intimacy achieved by means of transformations of techniques and colours....