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Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 21 July 1920, in Amsterdam.

Painter (gouache), sculptor, potter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, flowers, animals.

Groups: International Situationist, CoBrA, International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus.

Having studied at a school of industrial art and at the fine arts academy in Amsterdam between 1940 and 1942, Constant began his career as a painter with works described as 'experimental' from 1945. In 1947, he joined the short-lived Surréalisme Révolutionnaire movement, as a result of which he met the Dane Asger Jorn. In 1948, he wrote the manifesto of the experimental Dutch group based in Amsterdam in the form of the magazine ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 3 April 1914, in Veirum or Vejrum (Jutland); died 1 May 1973, in Aarhus.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, lithographer, potter, draughtsman. Designs for tapestries.

Groups: International Situationist, CoBrA, International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1 September 1896, in Weferlingen; died 1976, in Rome.

Painter, engraver.

Max Peiffer-Watenphül trained in weaving and pottery at the Bauhaus from 1919 to 1921, later taking up painting in Salzburg, where he lived most of the time. He went on study trips to France, Italy, the Balkans, North Africa, Cuba and Mexico. He won the Prix de Rome in 1931. From 1946 to 1958 he lived in Venice and produced a great many paintings of this city. He taught at the Folkwangschule in Essen, at the textile technical college in Krefeld and at the school of applied arts in Salzburg. He became a member of the Bavarian academy of science and art in Munich in 1965....