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Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Tokyo.

Print artist, painter, draughtsman, collage artist.

Aigasa Masayoshi graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in 1962 and has been a member of the Japan Print Association since 1969. Aigasa’s style, which derives from fantasy art, is characterised by meticulous drawing. His series ...

Article

Korean, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1957, in Seoul, South Korea.

Painter (mixed media).

Chong-Dai An exhibited at the Seoul Museum of Modern Art from 1980 to 1982. When he later settled in Paris, he exhibited at the Salon de Mai, the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles and the Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Japan and the USA.

Born 8 December 1957, in Quanzhou City (Fujian Province).

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media, video artist, installation artist, performance artist.

Cai Guo-Qiang trained in stage design at the Shanghai drama institute from 1981 to 1985...

Article

Chitqua  

David Clarke

[Tan Chet-qua; Chen]

(b possibly 1728; d Guangzhou, 1796).

Chinese portrait modeler. Chitqua ran a business in Guangzhou making portrait figurines for clients among the Western traders. His statuettes (generally around a foot or so in height, and thus easily portable) were executed in the medium of unfired clay subsequently painted. Chitqua’s work is characterized by a realism which places emphasis on accurately individualized representation of facial features and attention to detail in the treatment of dress. Similar figurines, albeit of lesser sophistication, exist from earlier in the 18th century.

Chitqua visited London between 1769 and c. 1772. He produced a number of figurines and (reportedly) busts during his time in England, and attained a high degree of social celebrity, meeting King George III and many prominent individuals. James Boswell and Josiah Wedgwood both record meeting Chitqua, for instance, and the latter also sat for a portrait, which is lost today. Regarded in England as an artist rather than an artisan, he exhibited one of his portrait sculptures in the second Royal Academy exhibition (...

Article

Korean, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957, in Kangwon-de.

Painter, installation artist.

Cho Duck-Hyun studied painting at Seoul National University and is a professor in the Department of Fine Art at Hansung University, Seoul. He has taken part in various group exhibitions featuring the work of the young generation of Korean artists, including, ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Beijing.

Multimedia installation artist, painter, designer of interactive games.

After graduating from the printmaking depart­ment of the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing (1991), Feng Mengbo embarked on a career that has combined the visual lexicon and technical functionality of interactive computer gaming with references to popular culture, Chinese history, and Chinese artistic traditions. Feng is regarded as a pioneer of new-media art in China: his corpus includes interactive CD-ROMs, single-player interactive games with traditional controllers or dance pads, and paintings. Feng’s early set of oil paintings ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Tomioka (Gumma); died 16 October 1992, in Tokyo.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor.

Fukuzawa Ichiro went to Tokyo University in 1918 to study literature, aesthetics and art history. Between 1918 and 1919, he studied sculpture under Asukura Fumio. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Beijing.

Painter, sculptor, mixed-media installation artist, animation artist.

Gu Dexin is a self-taught artist and co-founder of the New Mark Group (later became the Analysis Group) in the late 1980s. This group, working collaboratively, is more interested in questioning the importance of concepts, language, and authorship, such as ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Beijing and Sydney, Australia.

Born 1957, in Beijing.

Painter, installation artist.

Guan Wei graduated in 1986 from the Department of Fine Arts at Beijing Capital University. Starting in 1989, Guan began a series of artistic residencies in Australia: at the Tasmanian School of Art in Hobart, at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney, and at the Australian National University’s Canberra School of Art. Though Guan’s ancestry links him to Manchurian nobles in China’s late-nineteenth-century Qing dynasty, he spent much of his adult life in Australia, becoming a citizen in ...

Article

Mia Yinxing Liu

(b Harbin, 1957).

Chinese painter, sculptor, and installation artist. Wang Guangyi’s formal education was interrupted by the Cultural Revolution during his teenage years. Afterwards, he attended the China Academy of Art (Zhejiang) and graduated in 1984 with a degree in oil painting.

In the wake of the avant-garde art movement in China in the 1980s, Wang became part of the Northern Art Group and produced a series of paintings whose subjects reflected skepticism towards the philosophies and themes of classical art in the West. The series used a cold, gray palette to illustrate frozen and barren Nordic settings consciously removed from emotion, revealing Wang’s distrust of passion and his faith in reason and rationality at the time, a distrust that was an antidote to the cultic zeal towards Mao and the ideals of revolution in the preceding years.

Wang’s groundbreaking series of Mao portraits in 1988 were a continuation of the conscious move away from emotional manipulation and viewer identification. In these portraits, Wang superimposed a grid over Mao. The grid served as a barrier between the adorer and the object of adoration, drawing attention to the print material of the image, and highlighting Mao as an object of common household use. If in previous decades Mao’s portraits had been used as an icon for fervent adoration and incentive for socialist construction, here in Wang’s paintings the Mao portraits were candidly presented as ready-made and found objects. However, these appropriated Mao pictures were quite ambivalent in meaning. To Wang, they were not an indictment against socialism or Mao, but rather a reaffirmation of the Dadaist spirit of the Cultural Revolution....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Yaizu.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, draughtsman.

Hasegawa Shoichi was a student at the Kokuga Institute in Tokyo and was introduced to engraving at William Hayter’s Atelier 17 in Paris, where he started working in 1961.

He manages to synthesize Far-Eastern calligraphy with the traditional symbolism of forms and colours, as well as new Western modes of expression. On tachist coloured backgrounds, he etches, in white, decorative graphic motifs in the tradition of popular Japanese imagery....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Hibino Katsuhito graduated from the design division of the fine arts department of Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in 1982. He takes part in group exhibitions. He took part in the Sixth Sydney Biennial, and exhibited his work in a one-man show at Hajuku, Japan, in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Tokyo.

Painter (mixed media).

Hikosaka Naoyuki studied at Taka University. Using visible wooden panels, he paints geometric abstract motifs in acrylics in the style of papiers découpés. He then assembles these components in space in patterns and correspondences related to the artistic traditions of the Far East, to form what he describes as ‘composed paintings’. He has exhibited since ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Niigata Prefecture.

Painter.

Mono-ha (school of things); Conceptual Art.

Honda Shingo specialises in conceptual art and photographic collage. After interrupting his studies at Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in mid-programme, he had his first solo shows in Tokyo in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Tainan; died 1987.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist. Scenes with figures.

Orphaned at an early age, Hong Tong was raised by his uncle. He only took up painting at the age of 50, exhibiting soon thereafter. Two years later, he was already known to collectors’ circles, where his work rapidly achieved acceptance. Self-taught, he painted scenes from fantasy, full of childlike images, creating a fairy-tale atmosphere peopled with fantastic animals and weightless figures hanging from magical kites....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1966.

Born 5 March 1929, in Hiroshima Province.

Painter.

Ichikawa Yo graduated from the art school in Kyoto. His paintings are assemblages, mobile pictures made up of interchangeable flexible forms that can be rearranged in various ways. They are placed inside Plexiglas boxes. Ichikawa’s aim is to allow the viewer to skim through the work, as one would skim through a book. His work is also somewhat decorative, as the colours he uses are very refined. He held a number of solo exhibitions in Tokyo ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born in Kyoto.

Painter (silk), mixed media artist. Waterscapes.

Iida Shinshichi took part in the 1906 exhibition in Nice. He worked on silk, embroidering his pictures.

Nice (Mus. de la Ville): Marsh Fowl at the Approach of a Storm

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Kobe.

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media.

Kashihara has lived in Tokyo since 1972, studying at the city’s Tama School of Fine Art. He has taken part in collective exhibitions since 1966, most of them in Japan. Outside Japan he has exhibited work at, among others, the San Fedele Gallery in Milan in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1913, in Tokyo.

Painter, collage artist.

Katsura entered art school in 1926 but, as the study of oil painting was not considered suitable for a girl, she had to take private lessons with Shuho Ikegami, Kenichi Nakamura and Sabrosuke Okada. In 1933, she won first prize at the ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Kobe.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Kawaguchi studied at the Tama School of Fine Art in Tokyo, graduating in 1962. He teaches at the University of Akashi. Kawaguchi’s interest in conceptual art appeared early in his career. Since then, he has used the new media of light, video, photography and film. He creates assemblages of markers arranged in a space, some of which can be electronically stimulated. Interested in making his art available outside normal gallery and museum spaces, he has produced two works for Japanese high schools: ...