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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Detroit; died May 1997, in Cairo.

Installation artist, performance artist, sculptor, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Using a variety of different forms of expression, including installations, writing, performance, photographs and sculpture, James Lee Byars has created a highly personal collection of work. In the 1950s he focused on comparing oriental civilisation and western mystical thought, notably with folding sculptures which he unfolded in public. He went on to subvert objects by creating them in precious or unusual materials such as gold leaf or marble. He made several visits to Japan from ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1967.

Born 1934, in Oran, Algeria; died 1983.

Draughtsman, mixed media, performance artist. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

In 1967, Guy de Cointet left for the USA, where he worked as an assistant to Larry Bell in New York, before moving to Los Angeles. His work and his philosophy, derived from Structuralism, are connected to word-making signs, in experiments in books evolving towards images. The inventor of a new language, Guy de Cointet's artistic books and graphic works are close to concrete poetry: ...

Article

Yugoslav, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 1936, in Mostar (now in Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Painter, performance artist. Landscapes, urban landscapes.

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art.

Damnjanovic Damnjan graduated from the academy of fine arts in Belgrade in 1957.

Between 1959 and 1965, he painted fantastical landscapes and still-lifes. His landscapes are dominated by a vast, low sky, below which stretches a sandy coastline with fragments of flooring with diagrams, signals and symbols. His still-lifes of imaginary or useless objects are painted in a palette of violently contrasting tones. Damjanovic's work is distinguished by its unique mixture of the abstract and the dreamlike. From ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active since 1973 active in France.

Born 1954, in Biberach.

Painter (mixed media). Stage costumes.

Conceptual Art.

From 1968, Domenika corresponded at length with the German sculptor Josef Beuys. In 1975 she met Rüdiger. She has exhibited in 1974, in Milan; ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Moulins (Allier).

Painter, draughtsman, performance artist, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Jean Dupuy studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Early in his career, he practised a gestural style of painting. After he visited New York his activity developed towards technological art and particularly the study (in the spirit of Fluxus) of the relationships between the organism and the laws of physics. For example, he would use sophisticated material to express an extremely simple proposition: listening to his heartbeat, seeing the inside of his ear, building a sculpture out of dust, hearing the 'sounds of silence' of a blank record, and so on....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 April 1944, in Duffel.

Installation artist, performance artist, painter, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Filip Francis initially used traditional graphic schemes, but then saw that film and video were better suited to his performances. As his methods of experimentation are different in every case, they can only be interpreted during the course of his personal journey; Francis himself considers that they constitute his diary. His fundamental aim is to highlight the concept of space-time. According to some commentators, his performances contain a certain humour: for example, either during live action, or recalled through film or video, he wrote the same number, the same word or the same insult in different languages, over a predetermined space of time; ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Shemer Kibbutz.

Painter, performance artist.

Conceptual Art.

Geva has continued to live on the kibbutz where he was born. Virtually self-taught, he painted until 1968. Later, his ‘artistic’ work became more experimental, first visual, then sociological: the way of life on the kibbutz, the self-contained world of its inhabitants, the whole making up both the subject and the material. He exhibited at the Museum of Jerusalem in ...

Article

Horacio Safons

(b Buenos Aires, Jan 14, 1915; d Barcelona, Oct 14, 1965).

Argentine painter, sculptor, performance artist, conceptual artist, poet and illustrator. After studying in Buenos Aires at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and with Cecilia Marcovich and Tomás Maldonado, he quickly established a reputation for his scandalous views, attracting extreme disapproval and equally strong support. After delivering a lecture at the Juan Cristóbal bookshop, Buenos Aires, entitled ‘Alberto Greco y los pájaros’ he was briefly imprisoned for his ‘Communism and subversive acts’. On his release in the same year he travelled to Paris on a French government grant, selling drawings and watercolours in the cafés and studying painting with Fernand Léger and printmaking with Johnny Friedlaender. Between 1956 and 1958 he lived in São Paulo, where he became aware of Art informel; he painted in this style in the late 1950s and early 1960s (Glusberg, pp. 284–5).

As early as 1959, when he had returned from São Paulo to Buenos Aires, Greco had expressed his corrosive vision of society through the form of his work. In his shows he exhibited tree trunks and rags for cleaning window gratings or floors. He moved again to Paris in ...

Article

Native American (Cheyenne and Arapaho), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 22 November, 1954, in Wichita (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, printmaker, installation artist, conceptual artist, educator.

Edgar Heap of Birds is one of the most distinguished North American indigenous artists of his generation. His works reveal a distinctly critical and historical awareness of the ways that American Indian peoples, their histories and their viewpoints have been ignored and written over under colonialism. He has received numerous honours, presenting his work in competition for the United States Pavilion at the 52nd Venice Biennale (...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Montreal.

Painter, sculptor, musician.

Conceptual Art.

1976, 17 Canadian Artists: A Protean View, Vancouver Art Gallery

1987, Stations, Centre International d'Art Contemporain, Montreal

1993, Presences, Centre International d'Art Contemporain, Montreal

2000, Spilled Edge, Soft Corners, Blackwood Gallery, University of Toronto...

Article

Mary Chou

(b Bethlehem, 1970).

Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Wielopole; died 1990, in Cracow.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, collage artist, painter (gouache), draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Cracow Group.

Tadeusz Kantor lived and worked in Cracow. He received his first artistic training at the academy of fine arts in Cracow until 1939. In 1947, in association with artists who had taken part in the underground theatre activities he had organised during the German occupation of Poland, he founded the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1928, in Nice; died 6 June 1962, in Paris.

Painter, performance artist, sculptor, mixed media.

Conceptual Art, Body Art.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Yves Klein was the son of the Dutch Figurative painter Frederick Klein and the Abstract painter Marie Raymond. He was a self-taught artist. In Nice in ...

Article

Croat, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Petrinja.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Conceptual Art.

Gorgona Group.

Ivan Kozaric trained at the school of fine art in Zagreb and after an initial stay in Paris where he frequently returned, he started producing work in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1921, in Zambesi River, near Victoria Falls, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); died 1 January 2006.

Painter, assemblage artist, environmental artist, performance artist.

Conceptual Art.

John Latham trained at Chelsea School of Art in London from 1946 to 1950. His aesthetic approach considers painting as an instantaneous experience, indissociable from our perception of the real world - hence his interest in the industrial landscape. His works incorporate real objects, notably books, as seen in his celebrated ...

Article

Kristine Stiles

(b Zambesi River, nr Victoria Falls, Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe], Feb 23, 1921; d London, Jan 1, 2006).

British painter, sculptor, conceptual artist, performance artist, video and film maker, of Rhodesian birth. He studied at the Chelsea School of Art, London, from 1946 to 1950. His concern from 1954 was not with the production of art objects as an end in itself but with various processes and consequently with the recording in three dimensions of sequences of events and of patterns of knowledge. In 1958 he introduced torn, overpainted and partly burnt books into assemblages such as Burial of Count Orgaz (1958; London, Tate), followed in 1964 by the first of a series of SKOOB Towers (from ‘books’ spelt backwards), constructed from stacks of venerated tomes such as the Encyclopedia Britannica, which he ignited and burnt. The destruction and parody of systems of knowledge implied in Latham’s work was apparent in 1966, when he organized a party at which guests chewed pages of Clement Greenberg’s book Art and Culture...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 6 May 1936, in Tamaris.

Painter, intervention artist, draughtsman, pastellist, photographer, mixed media.

Mail Art, Conceptual Art, Art Narratif, New Image (associated).

A native of southern France, Jean Le Gac wanted to be a painter from the age of eight, and quickly realised that he had a talent. He painted regularly while training in painting and sculpture. In ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Copenhagen.

Painter, collage artist, happenings artist. Scenes with figures.

Conceptual Art.

Peter Louis-Jensen was a member of the school of experimental art in Copenhagen from 1961. Together with speech, the written word and film, painting is one of his means of communication, through which he hopes to introduce a general dialogue. The 'Images' that he produces reflect events in his everyday life and his thoughts. He lives and works in Copenhagen....