You are looking at  1-20 of 10,133 results  for:

  • Religious Art x
Clear All

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The master painted an altarpiece in Segovia signed A.B., seven panels of which can be found in the Prado in Madrid. His work shows the influence of Gerard David....

Article

A. G.  

Italian, 16th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver (including copper), print publisher (?). Religious subjects.

A.G. is mentioned by Brulliot, and believed to have been a pupil of Marcantonio Raimondi. He is known for his Virgin Holding the Infant Jesus, and Crowned by Two Angels...

Article

A. H.  

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A. H. was a copyist of Albrecht Dürer. A print dated 1589 is attributed to him: The Virgin Crowned with Stars, after the work by Dürer.

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Active in 1574.

Monogram of an engraver (wood).

A. H. R. is mentioned by Brulliot. He produced Satyric Allegory on the Catholic Church and Protestantism.

Article

A. J.  

14th – 17th century (?), male.

Monogram of an engraver. Religious subjects.

Cited by Defer; credited with a Nativity.

Article

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active also in Rome.

Born 1552, in Cologne; died 6 January 1616, in Prague.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Prague School.

Aachen named himself after the town of Aachen, Germany, where his family came from and where his father was born. He showed a remarkable talent for drawing from a very young age and as a result was sent, at 16, to study under Jerrigh, a Flemish painter who had settled in Cologne. Aachen worked as his apprentice for nearly six years, studying the works of Spronghen in particular, who was then at the height of his fame. He went to Venice around 1574, where the works of Tintoretto made a profound impression on him. In 1575 he went to Rome, where his works attracted attention. He remained in Italy until 1587. He subsequently went to Cologne, and then Munich in 1589, on the invitation of William V, Duke of Bavaria. From 1592 he worked as a painter to the court of Rudolf II, which moved to Prague in 1596. He was one of several court artists sent around Europe by Rudolf II to buy works of art for the imperial collection. In 1602 he was awarded the title of advisor to the emperor. He kept his title and duties after the death of Rudolf and the accession of Emperor Matthias....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Venice.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Venetian School.

Alberto Abaisi collaborated with his brother Arduino on woodcarvings for the sacristy of the bishop's palace in Ferrara, but was most active in Venice, where he lived from 1436 to 1451.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Bologna.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Bolognese School.

Nicolo Abaisi was a woodcarver who collaborated with Biagio Abaisi on the church of S Michele in Bosco near Ferrara in 1454.

Article

Abarquh  

[Abarqūh]

Iranian town in northern Fars province. A prosperous centre in medieval times, by the 10th century it was fortified with a citadel and had a congregational mosque. The octagonal tower of mortared stone known as the Gunbad-i ‛Ali was erected, according to its inscription, by a Daylamite prince in 1056–7 to contain the remains of his parents. The Masjid-i Birun, a mosque to the south of the town, may be slightly earlier, although it has many later additions. The congregational mosque (rest.), with four iwans around a rectangular court, dates mostly to the 14th century, although the base of the dome chamber probably belongs to the 12th-century mosque. The many mihrabs within the mosque include a particularly fine stucco example (1338). There are also several mud-brick tombs in the town. These square structures have plain exteriors and plastered and painted interiors. One of the earliest is the tomb of Pir Hamza Sabzpush (12th century); the finest was that of Hasan ibn Kay Khusraw (...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Naples at the end of the 15th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

In 1498, Luigi dell'Abate collaborated with François Pappalettere on the decoration of the convent of S Giovanni in Capua.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 15th century.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Venetian School.

According to records, from 1462 to 1486 Pier Antonio dell'Abate, together with the brothers Lorenzo and Cristoforo Canozi da Lendinara, produced woodcarvings for stalls in the churches of S Antonio in Padua, Santa in Monta in Venice and S Francisco in Treviso. Elements of his work can still be found in Ferrara....

Article

Article

Eleanor Sims

[Shaykh ‛Abbāsī]

(fl 1650–84).

Persian painter. He was one of a small group of artists working in Iran in the second half of the 17th century who painted in an eclectic manner that drew on European images and Mughal Indian styles (see Islamic art, §III, 4(vi)(a)). He appears to have been the earliest of this group, which included Muhammad Zaman and ‛Aliquli Jabbadar, to integrate these ‘exotic’ elements into his work. He invariably inscribed his work with the punning Persian phrase Bahā girift chū gardīd Shaykh ‛Abbāsī (‘It [He] acquired worth when he became Shaykh ‛Abbasi’). The honorific it contains (‛Abbasi; also a type of coin, whence the pun) suggests that he was in the service of Shah ‛Abbas II (reg 1642–66). He also signed paintings during the reign of Shah Sulayman (reg 1666–94).

Shaykh ‛Abbasi illustrated manuscripts and painted miniatures on single leaves of paper and, almost certainly, on lacquered papier-mâché objects, such as penboxes and mirror cases. More than 15 of his known paintings are signed, 8 in one manuscript (Baltimore, MD, Walters A. Mus., MS. W.668), and 25 can be attributed to him. His subjects include portraits of Safavid and Mughal rulers and of the Virgin and Child copied from European prints. His style is unmistakable, combining sure draughtsmanship with pale, transparent colour washes. Unlike Muhammad Zaman, he had a minimal interest in illusionism, restricting himself to darkening the edges of trees and buildings along one side (usually the right). His figures, especially heads and faces, are Indian in appearance as well as in the stippled manner in which they are drawn. His later pictures seem more Indian than his earlier work; Zebrowski proposed a connection with Golconda painting (...

Article

Abbasid  

Robert Hillenbrand

[‛Abbasid]

Islamic dynasty that ruled from several capitals in Iraq between ad 749 and 1258. The Abbasids traced their descent from al-‛Abbas, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, and were thus able to claim a legitimacy that their predecessors had lacked (see Umayyad, §1). The Abbasids rose to power in north-east Iran by channelling disaffection with Umayyad rule, but they soon established their capitals in a more central location, founding Baghdad in 762. Although they initially encouraged the support of Shi‛ites, the Abbasids quickly distanced themselves from their erstwhile allies to become champions of orthodoxy. Upon accession, each caliph adopted an honorific title, somewhat like a regnal name, by which he was later known. For the first two centuries, the Abbasids’ power was pre-eminent, and their names were invoked from the Atlantic to western Central Asia. From the middle of the 10th century, however, real power was transferred to a succession of Persian and Turkish dynasts (...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1836, in Naples; died 1868, in Florence.

Painter. Genre scenes, portraits, church interiors, architectural views, landscapes, seascapes.

Macchiaioli Group.

Giuseppe Abbati was one of the interesting figures of the new Italian School. He trained under his father Vincenzo Abatti, a Neapolitan painter. He then went to work at the school of fine arts in Venice. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 19th century.

Born 1803, in Naples.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, church interiors, landscapes.

Vincenzo Abbati was working in Graz in 1843. There were reports that he then moved to Florence, Venice and then back to Naples....

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Città di Castello; died 1656.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Giuseppe Cesari Cavaliero d'Arpino; reputed to be a skilful painter of historical themes and frescoes. He assisted Bernini on various projects. Abbatini is known to have painted the ceiling of the S Teresa Chapel in Rome's S Maria della Vittoria Church. He was a member of the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. Also known for drawings made for the frontispiece and other plates for ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born c. 1640, in Milan; died 1715, in Milan.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, portraits.

Studied under Carlo Francesco Nuvoloni, who taught him to paint with great facility, particularly frescoes. A painter with a lively imagination and sound technique, Abbiati was firmly established among the ranks of artists working at the time. In cooperation with Federigo Bianchi, he painted a ...

Article

Çigdem Kafesçioglu and Walter B. Denny

In 

Article

Jonathan M. Bloom

Reviser Sheila S. Blair

(b Kishorganj, East Pakistan [now Bangladesh], Nov 18, 1914; d Dhaka, May 28, 1976).

Bangladeshi painter and printmaker. He studied painting at the Government School of Art in Calcutta from 1933 to 1938, and then taught there until 1947. His work first attracted public attention in 1943 when he produced a powerful series of drawings of the Bengal famine. After the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 he worked as chief designer in the Pakistan government’s Information and Publications Division, and also became principal of the Institute of Fine Arts in Dhaka (later known as the Bangladesh College of Arts and Crafts), which he helped to found in 1948 and where he remained until 1967. From 1951 to 1952 he visited Europe and, in addition to exhibiting his work at several locations, worked at the Slade School of Art in London, and represented Pakistan at the UNESCO art conference in Venice in 1952. An exhibition of his work in Lahore in 1953 became the starting-point for a series of ...