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Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

(b Christiania [now Oslo], March 28, 1864; d Oslo, June 2, 1953).

Norwegian architect and designer. He was trained as a draughtsman and technician in Christiania (1883–4) and completed his education as an architect in Berlin (1884–7). He started his own practice in Christiania in 1888, serving also as a teacher at the Royal School of Design there from 1908 and as director from 1912 to 1934. Early on he demonstrated an extraordinary ability as a draughtsman and a thorough knowledge of architectural history; he was equally interested in the traditional buildings of his own country and international contemporary trends. Bull’s first buildings in Christiania, such as the Paulus Church (1889–92) and Mogens Thorsen’s home for the elderly (1896–8; destr.), are historicist, although freely so. The high spire of the Gothic-Revival church, which is of red brick with details in glazed tiles, provides a landmark for Georg Bull’s earlier Grünerløkka development. In the National Theatre (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Antwerp; died 1941, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Art Nouveau.

Having first studied law, Ghisbert Combaz became a pupil at the academy in Antwerp and a professor at the Brussels academy. He spent most of his life in Antwerp, where he exhibited from 1886 onwards; he also exhibited in conjunction with the association of Art Nouveau artists known as the Libre Esthétique from 1897. As an art historian, he made special study of the art of the Far East. With their sinuous and undulating rhythm, the arabesques in his engravings and posters provide typical examples of the Modern Style....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1864, in Remiremont, Lorraine; died 16 December 1948, in Lay-St-Christophe, Lorraine.

Painter, designer. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Murals, designs for fabrics and book binding.

Art Nouveau.

School of Nancy.

The father of the sculptor Henri Guingot, Louis Guingot trained from ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1869, in Wachbach bei Mergentheim; died 1926, in Dresden.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Murals, designs (furniture, fabrics, carpets).

Jugendstil.

Otto Gussmann first attended classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart, then at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin under Max Koch. After this, he entered the academy in Berlin, where he was supervised by Josef Scheurenberg. In ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 June 1872, in Cölln near Meissen; died 9 July 1907, in Meissen.

Sculptor, modeller, painter (porcelain). Religious subjects, figures. Busts, figurines, designs (ceramics, decorative objects, metal objects).

Jugendstil.

Julius Konrad Hentschel was the son of Ernst Julius Hentschel. He served his apprenticeship in the Royal Meissen porcelain factory (Königliche Sächsische Porzellan Manufaktur, renamed in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 9 February 1870, in Hamburg; died May 1952, in Lüneburg (Lower Saxony).

Painter, engraver (wood/etching), lithographer, draughtsman. Military subjects, religious subjects, figures, nudes, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals. Designs (furniture).

Jugendstil.

Arthur Karl Wilhelm Illies came from a family of merchants. He trained at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich and the Akademie der bildenden Künste, where he was taught by Lesker and Herterich. On returning to Hamburg, where he was born, he became a founder member, in ...

Article

A. Ziffer

(b Munich, Oct 30, 1868; d Munich, Oct 9, 1940).

German painter, illustrator, teacher and poster designer. The son of the painter Christian Jank (1833–88), he attended Simon Hollósy’s private art school in Munich before studying (1891–6) at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, also in Munich, under Ludwig von Löfftz (1845–1910) and Paul Höcker (1854–1910). From 1896 he exhibited at the Munich Secession, and he became a member of Scholle, Die, founded in 1899. A regular contributor to the journal Jugend and at the forefront of modernism, he made his mark as a humorous illustrator, portraying allegories and scenes from military life. Jank also designed posters (e.g. Underworld, 1896; Berlin, Mus. Dt. Gesch.). He taught at the Damenakademie (1899–1907). Having come to prominence as a portrayer of events from German history with three monumental paintings for Berlin’s Reichstag building (destr.) in 1905, he collaborated with Adolf Münzer (1870–1952) and ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 February 1863, in Leobschütz; died 1938, in Munich.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures. Groups.

Jugendstil.

Richard König was a student at the academy in Berlin (1882-1885) under the supervision of Calandrelli, then at the academy in Dresden (...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 1873, in Pitesti.

Painter, fresco artist. History painting, religious subjects.

Art Nouveau.

Costin Petrescu studied in Bucharest and Vienna and became professor at the fine arts academy in Bucharest.

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31st August 1852, in Ferrara; died 21st June 1920, in Lavagna (Liguria).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Previati studied at the academy in Ferrara, where he was influenced by the post-Romanticism of Girolamo Domenichini and Giovanni Pagliarini, and then at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, where he frequented the studio of Amos Cassioli. He subsequently studied under Giuseppe Bertini at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 December 1869, in Burkhardtscharf, near Chemnitz; died 19 June 1927, in Wachwitz, near Dresden.

Painter, pastellist, poster artist. Religious subjects.

Jugendstil.

Osmar Schindler was a pupil of Ferdinand W. Pauwels and Leon Pohle at the Academy of Fine Arts at Dresden, where he himself became a teacher. He contributed to the review ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1856, in Barcelona; died 1932.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

José Maria Tamburini y Dalmau came from a family of silversmiths of Italian origin who settled in Barcelona. From the age of 13 he studied under Antoni Caba at the Barcelona school of fine arts. He then went to Paris where he worked at the studio of the portrait artist Léon Bonnat. He then later spent time in Naples and returned to live in Barcelona in ...