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Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Milan; died 1981.

Collage artist, mixed media. Artists' books.

Arte Povera, Conceptual Art.

Vicenzo Agnetti's work has appeared in numerous group exhibitions of international contemporary art, including Documenta 5 in Kassel, Germany (1972) and Biennale in Venice (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1948.

Born 19 October 1927, in Brussels.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman. Artists' books, wall decorations.

CoBrA group.

In 1944, Pierre Alechinsky was a pupil at the École d'Architecture et d'Arts in Brussels, interested in professions involving books, typography and engraving. He always retained this preoccupation for the printed word, and devoted a large part of his time to engraving, illustrating the books of poet friends and writing himself. In 1947, he travelled to Morocco and Yugoslavia. That same year he began to exhibit in Brussels and became a member of the group ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris and sometimes Buenos Aires.

Born 1942, in The Hague.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figure compositions.

Pat Andrea's work is about testing the scope of representation in art. Representation is disturbed by the introduction of a collage system into the pictorial domain. The painter's iconographical repertory consists of violent images, often truncated, women wailing, wolfhounds ready to kill, men with menacing faces and armed with knives, all such attitudes remaining in suspense. Images provide not a comprehensible linear narrative framework but a juxtaposition of subjects that are ultimately incoherent. The meaning is all the more disrupted by the use of a graphic style that is in contrast clear and readable. Borrowed from the collage procedure of Dada and the Surrealists to undercut procedures of identification and interpretation, figurative painting for Pat Andrea seems doomed to failure....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Madison (Georgia).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

African-American artist Benny Andrews served in the USA Air Force during the Korean War. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 11 July 1889, in Petropavlosk (Kamchatka); died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman. Stage costumes and sets, film sets.

The son of a political exile in Kamchatka, Yuri Annenkov was able to go to St Petersburg in 1898 and study at the school of fine art and at several artists’ workshops between 1908 and 1911, developing a passion for the theatre and theatrical production. He went to Paris in 1911 and studied with Maurice Denis and Félix Vallotton and then went to Switzerland in 1913. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1912 and 1913 and then returned to Russia where he joined the...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 October 1924, in La Valette (Var).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), sculptor, illustrator, designer. Designs for tapestries.

Mec Art.

After secondary school in Toulon, François Arnal studied at the faculty of arts and law in Aix-en-Provence. He began painting in 1940, then, having joined the French Resistance in 1943, settled in Paris in 1948 and began his career as an artist. In 1949 he was awarded the Prix de la Jeune Peinture, which gave him the opportunity to mount his first solo exhibition the following year. In the 1950s he belonged to Michel Tapié's group ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, illustrator.

David Aronson, drawn to occultism, paints Surrealistically absurd images, which are sometimes frightening or disturbing. He has produced a set of paintings on the subject of the Holocaust. He also illustrates works for young readers....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1886, in Strasbourg; died 7 June 1966, in Basel.

Collage artist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poet.

Dadaism.

Der Moderne Bund, Dadaist groups in Zurich and Cologne, Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben, Paris Surrealist Group, Abstraction-Création.

Hans Arp joined the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg in 1902, at the age of 16. In 1903 he began painting and contributed to a local magazine. In 1904 he made his first trip to Paris. From 1905 to 1907 he studied under Ludwig von Hoffmann at the fine arts academy in Weimar, where he attended modern art exhibitions. He returned to Strasbourg, which his family then left for Weggis, on the edge of the Lac des Quatre Cantons in Switzerland. Between 1908 and 1910 he made a second trip to Paris and worked for a time at the Académie Julian. In Weggis he completed his first Abstract compositions and learned the art of modelling. In 1911 he co-founded the group...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1924, in Milan; died 16 June 2003, in Vergiate, near Varese.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, illustrator.

Nuclear Movement, International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus.

After studying at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera from 1945 to 1948, and having gained a law degree, Baj devoted himself to art from 1950. The following year he began a career that has produced a variety of artistic creations always characterised by his fighting spirit, and has embraced a raft of different groups. He started by establishing the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 June 1931, in National City (California).

Painter, video artist, photographer. Artist’s books.

Conceptual Art.

John Baldessari lives and works in Santa Monica, California. At the end of the 1950s, he decided to abandon painting and burned his pictures. He has stated that he profoundly disagreed with art in general, and therefore decided to give people what they understood best: written language and photography....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Merseyside.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, installation artist. Wordscapes, film. Artist’s books. Artist’s multiples..

Fiona Banner has a BA in Fine Art from Kingston Polytechnic in London, and an MA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths College in London. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Liège; died 1995.

Painter, collage artist, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative designer, designer.

Futurism, Constructivism.

Groupe 7 Arts.

Baugniet attended the art academy in Brussels where he studied under the Belgian Symbolist painter Jean Delville. He married the dancer and painter Akarova (Marguerite Acarin). His early paintings were figurative, and he was then influenced by French Cubism and international Constructivism. In 1922, Baugniet became a member of the Belgian group ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 August 1902, in Paris; died 11 February 1949, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, watercolourist, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Nudes, portraits, genre scenes. Stage costumes and sets.

Bérard studied at the Académie Ranson in Paris in 1920. He was influenced by the graphic art of Maurice Denis, and by the sense of colour he found in the work of both Bonnard and Vuillard. He quickly discovered a passion for stage design and costumes, through theatrical friends such as Louis Jouvet, Boris Kochno and Jean Cocteau. The composer Francis Poulenc dedicated his ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1951 also active in France.

Born 1922, in Pisa.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), lithographer, illustrator. Frontispieces.

Mec Art, Nouvelle Figuration.

Gruppo Nucleare.

Gianni Bertini was finishing a doctorate in mathematics when he began to paint. In 1947, he began, with a figurative phase, influenced by Post-Cubism and Expressionism, and soon evolved towards abstraction. Shortly before 1950, he moved to Milan, and then he settled in Paris in 1951. In 1957, he was part of the Espaces Imaginaires group set up by Pierre Restany. In 1985, he was decorated with the title of Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres....

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...

Article

Xu Bing  

Melissa Chiu

(b Chongqing, 1955).

Chinese installation artist . Xu Bing spent much of his childhood in Beijing where his parents were professors at Beijing University. He said that being surrounded by books during this formative period in his life gave him an intense interest in them. Xu studied printmaking at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing (1987). One of Xu’s most memorable early works is Tian Shu ( A Book from the Sky , 1987–91), which was created during the 1985 New Wave Movement in China—a period of new-found freedom for artistic experimentation. Tian Shu consisted of reams of paper printed with Chinese characters, each one in some way incorrect, so that the cumulative effect is a library of nonsensical words. The labour needed to create this art work was substantial, taking the artist nearly four years to complete carving the individual characters into woodblocks. The reams of printed paper were exhibited in three different ways: as traditional hand-bound books, suspended large scrolls, and wall posters. ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1932, in Dartford.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor.

Pop Art.

The Brotherhood of Ruralists.

Peter Blake studied between 1953 and 1956 at the Royal College of Art in London, from where the second wave of English Pop Art was launched, thanks to the spontaneous activity of its pupils. He was awarded the Leverhulme Research Award in 1956, to study popular art. Between 1956 and 1957 he made an extended journey to Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Holland and Belgium), and in 1961 was awarded the first Junior Prize from the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. In 1964 he was appointed a lecturer at the Royal College of Art in London and at the Walthamstow School of Art. In 1975 he was a founder member of the group of artists called The Brotherhood of Ruralists, whose participating artists had as their joint preoccupation an interest with a romantic connotation for the countryside and landscape. He left the group in 1983, at the time of his retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London. From 1994 to 1996 he was Associate Artist at the National Gallery in London....

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Active in Italy.

Born 1934.

Collage artist. Artists' books.

Blank had examples of her work shown at Filigree: Examples of Contemporary Engraving ( En Filigrane, un Regard sur l'Estampe Contemporaine), an exhibition held at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris in ...

Article

Bona  

Italian, 20th century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 1926, in Rome.

Painter, collage artist, assemblage artist, lithographer, illustrator.

Bona studied at the art institute in Modena, and subsequently at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice. In 1947, she met the French Surrealist author, André Pieyre de Mandiargues, in Paris and married him. She was much influenced by her uncle, the Venetian painter De Pisis. She created collages, some made of sewn fabrics, using a variety of materials to create comic figues. An example is ...