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Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 January 1911, in Tournai; died 1996.

Sculptor (metal), ceramicist, engraver, lithographer. Stage sets, designs for tapestries, architectural integration.

Pierre Caille attended evening classes at the academy in Tournai, and in 1929-1930 worked in Joris Minne's workshop at the École d'Architecture et des Arts Decoratifs in Brussels, founded by Henry van de Velde in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 active in Switzerland.

Born 4 May 1874, in Hörde (Westphalia); died 18 July 1949, in Interlaken or Beatenberg (Canton of Bern).

Sculptor (including bronze/majolica/ceramics), painter (including gouache), engraver, draughtsman, architect, graphic designer. Statuettes, figurines.

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony, Worpswede Artists' Colony...

Article

Spanish, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 13 December 1923, in Barcelona. Died 6 February 2012, in Barcelona.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, assemblage artist, ceramicist. Murals, architectural integration, designs for mosaics, stage sets.

Dau al Set (Seven-faced Die) Group.

After the long period, from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War to the end of World War II, during which manifestations of avant-garde art were practically forbidden in Spain, Antoni Tàpies became the first Spanish painter to achieve international reputation and give young Spanish artists the impetus that would allow them to take over from the generation of Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, and Joan Miró. While a student, he had begun to show an interest in modern art and experimented with drawing and painting, although he had received no formal training. He began studying law in 1943 but continued to paint, abandoning law in 1946. In 1948, with a group of Barcelona writers and painters, he collaborated to the ...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 7 September 1863, in Copenhagen; died 1958, in Cannes, France.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, potter, architect, pastellist, art writer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Jens Ferdinand Willumsen studied under Kroyer at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. He visited France (Paris, 1889-1889) and Spain, where he was influenced by El Greco. He returned to Paris and lived there from 1890 to 1894. A visit to Pont Aven and Le Pouldu in 1890 saw him forge a friendship with Gauguin and Sérusier and, on his return to his native Copenhagen, he and a number of other Danish painters and sculptors launched the ...

Article

Leila Krogh

(b Copenhagen, Sept 7, 1863; d Cannes, April 4, 1958).

Danish painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, architect and collector. He studied from 1881 at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen and in 1886 at Peder Severin Krøyer’s Frie Skole there. His style changed radically during his travels in France and Spain (1888–9) and during a stay in France, where he met and exhibited with French artists, including Paul Gauguin. In Brittany he painted several scenes of local people, similar to Gauguin’s work of this period, for example Two Women Walking, Brittany (1890; Frederikssund, Willumsens Mus.). In such works Willumsen emphasized the element of vigorous movement. From the start of his career Willumsen also made prints (etchings from 1885, lithographs from 1910 and woodcuts from 1920): early, more realistic works, such as the Copenhagen townscape of Woman Out for a Walk (1889) soon gave way to a bolder, more Symbolist approach, as in Fertility (1891), which showed his wife Juliette in an advanced stage of pregnancy and raised a storm of protest when exhibited at the Copenhagen Frie Udstilling (Free Exhibition), which Willumsen and others had founded. His major work from this period is ...