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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Troyes.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist.

Hélène Agofroy lives and works in Paris. The origins of Hélène Agofroy's sculptures can be found in the paintings of the Quattrocento. She is interested in the positioning of objects in Italian frescoes and paintings. She studies their multiple perspectival effects, then incorporates them into her sculpture. From common elements, such as wood, plaster and resin, Agofroy builds light, open worked sculptures of complex geometric design. They invoke overturned hulls, light cradles, or, as in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Born 12 July 1942, in Beirut.

Painter, sculptor, photographer, video artist.

Kinetic Art.

Roland Baladi permutated various techniques, notably drawings and photographs, to produce the Photograms he exhibited in Beirut in 1962. In 1971, Roland Baladi exhibited a piece entitled Cinetone...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, ceramicist, draughtswoman, print artist, photographer, film maker. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

Camille Billops has a BA from California State College and an MFA from City College in New York. She settled in New York, where in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1952, in Halle.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Caramelle attended the Hochschule für angewandte Kunst in Vienna in 1970, before studying at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies in Cambridge (Massachusetts) from 1974 to 1975...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Liège.

Painter, sculptor, video artist, film producer. Comic strips.

Jacques Charlier lives and works in Liège. In 1982 he had La route de l'art published in comic strip form by the publishers Gewad and Moretti in Ghent. He draws together the activities of painting, sculpture, video, films and comic strips in order to deal with one common theme: art and the world of art, highlighting its contradictions and paradoxes. In an exhibition of photographs of reports by the Belgian organisation STP, ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 May 1963, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media, assemblage artist, video artist. Multimedia, artists' books.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Groupe des Frères Ripoulin.

Claude Closky studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and was a founder member of the Frères Ripoulin group. He was awarded the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1933, in McPherson (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, collage artist, assemblage artist, sculptor, film maker.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Bruce Conner studied at Wichita University; at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln where he received a BFA in 1956; at Brooklyn Art School (...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1965.

Sculptor, painter (including mixed media), video artist.

Wim Delvoye's art is particularly difficult to categorise. He imitates delftware, but on gas bottles; he has produced a stained glass window depicting a 17th-century Flemish interior, but at the bottom of a handball goal net; he sculpts life-size nudes leaning slightly as if to look at the sky, but they are pierced with a telescope from the anus to the mouth so that the viewer becomes voyeur. The only common theme across his highly diverse repertoire is displacement either of the work with respect to its context, or of a practical object with respect to the work in which it is incorporated. His creations may variously be viewed as examples of craftsmanship, ironic falsifications or kitsch. He also created a machine made of glass and metal, called ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1940, in New Jersey.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, collage artist, photographer, screen printer, video artist. Artists’ books.

Peter Downsbrough lives and works between New York and Brussels. His works, founded on concepts of spatiality and temporality, are intended for the urban environment in the form of installations, sculptures, books, collages, photographs, screen prints, postcards and films. Since the 1960s he has been producing three-dimensional works, exploring various materials in a serial process. In the 1970s he enlarged these two concepts to include notions of movement and space, notably in the series ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 July 1963, in London.

Sculptor, painter, draughtswoman, video installation artist.

Tracey Emin grew up in Margate on the Kent coast. She studied at the Maidstone College of Art (1983–1986) and the Royal College of Art in London (1987–1989). She came to prominence in the 1990s as part of the Young British Artists movement. In 1993 she opened The Shop, a retail space in East London where she sold handmade objects and artworks with fellow artist Sarah Lucas. The following year she held her first exhibition, My Major Retrospective, at Jay Jopling’s White Cube gallery.

In her autobiographical drawings, paintings, patchworks, and installations, Emin exposes a very direct and intimate snapshot of her personal fears, hopes, insecurities, and failures. She adopts a crude symbolism to address painful memories of abortion, rape, self-neglect, and sexual promiscuity. Her singular brand of unapologetic honesty confounds bourgeois sensibility and plays on the public’s fascination with horror and personal tragedy. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, film maker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955...

Article

Morgan Falconer

revised by Jean Robertson

(b Brussels, Dec 6, 1961).

Belgian sculptor, installation and conceptual artist active in Germany and Sweden. He studied phytopathology (plant diseases) and agronomic entomology at the University of Kiel, where he received a doctorate in 1988. After an early career as an agricultural scientist specializing in insect communication, Höller became a full-time artist in 1993. He created a wide variety of objects and situations, many of them participatory in nature, using such means as toys, animals, flashing lights, mirrors, sensory deprivation tanks, dark passages, giant slides, carousel rides, pheromones and huge rotating sculptural replicas of upside-down fly agaric (a poisonous, hallucinogenic mushroom; see fig.). His art projects include various optical and sensory experiments that explore individual physiological and psychological reactions to experiences that alter perception and consciousness. Despite his scientific training, Höller’s goals as an artist have not been to achieve the certainty of quantifiable scientific conclusions. Rather he has emphasized doubt and the inability to achieve conclusive explanations. He signalled his preoccupation with doubt in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1920, in Toulouse.

Painter, sculptor.

Jef Innegraeve studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Roubaix. He went on to become a filmmaker and photographer, as well as a painter and sculptor.

Article

Mary Chou

(b Bethlehem, 1970).

Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1936, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, performance artist, video artist, installation artist.

Joan Jonas lives and works in New York. She has travelled a great deal, and lived in Japan in 1970. She has taught at the Stuttgart Kunstakademie and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (Mass.). Her art springs from a dramatic approach announced by Dada and resumed notably by Fluxus, more significantly in the person of John Cage. Combining happening and behavioural art, Joan Jonas' concerts/actions aim at redefining the body as a means of expression. In ...

Article

Hungarian-American, 20th–21st century, male.

Active also in Germany and England.

Born 1906, in Selyp, Hungary; died 29 September 2001, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Photographer, painter, sculptor, filmmaker, curator, writer, educator, muralist.. Abstract photographs, public art..

Kepes pursued painting and filmmaking at the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, ...