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American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Madison (Georgia).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

African-American artist Benny Andrews served in the USA Air Force during the Korean War. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in ...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 11 July 1889, in Petropavlosk (Kamchatka); died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman. Stage costumes and sets, film sets.

The son of a political exile in Kamchatka, Yuri Annenkov was able to go to St Petersburg in 1898 and study at the school of fine art and at several artists’ workshops between 1908 and 1911, developing a passion for the theatre and theatrical production. He went to Paris in 1911 and studied with Maurice Denis and Félix Vallotton and then went to Switzerland in 1913. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1912 and 1913 and then returned to Russia where he joined the...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 October 1924, in La Valette (Var).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), sculptor, illustrator, designer. Designs for tapestries.

Mec Art.

After secondary school in Toulon, François Arnal studied at the faculty of arts and law in Aix-en-Provence. He began painting in 1940, then, having joined the French Resistance in 1943, settled in Paris in 1948 and began his career as an artist. In 1949 he was awarded the Prix de la Jeune Peinture, which gave him the opportunity to mount his first solo exhibition the following year. In the 1950s he belonged to Michel Tapié's group ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1886, in Strasbourg; died 7 June 1966, in Basel.

Collage artist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poet.


Der Moderne Bund, Dadaist groups in Zurich and Cologne, Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben, Paris Surrealist Group, Abstraction-Création.

Hans Arp joined the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg in 1902, at the age of 16. In 1903 he began painting and contributed to a local magazine. In 1904 he made his first trip to Paris. From 1905 to 1907 he studied under Ludwig von Hoffmann at the fine arts academy in Weimar, where he attended modern art exhibitions. He returned to Strasbourg, which his family then left for Weggis, on the edge of the Lac des Quatre Cantons in Switzerland. Between 1908 and 1910 he made a second trip to Paris and worked for a time at the Académie Julian. In Weggis he completed his first Abstract compositions and learned the art of modelling. In 1911 he co-founded the group...


British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Merseyside.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, installation artist. Wordscapes, film. Artist’s books. Artist’s multiples..

Fiona Banner has a BA in Fine Art from Kingston Polytechnic in London, and an MA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths College in London. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...


British, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1932, in Dartford.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor.

Pop Art.

The Brotherhood of Ruralists.

Peter Blake studied between 1953 and 1956 at the Royal College of Art in London, from where the second wave of English Pop Art was launched, thanks to the spontaneous activity of its pupils. He was awarded the Leverhulme Research Award in 1956, to study popular art. Between 1956 and 1957 he made an extended journey to Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Holland and Belgium), and in 1961 was awarded the first Junior Prize from the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. In 1964 he was appointed a lecturer at the Royal College of Art in London and at the Walthamstow School of Art. In 1975 he was a founder member of the group of artists called The Brotherhood of Ruralists, whose participating artists had as their joint preoccupation an interest with a romantic connotation for the countryside and landscape. He left the group in 1983, at the time of his retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London. From 1994 to 1996 he was Associate Artist at the National Gallery in London....


British, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Sheffield.

Sculptor, assemblage artist. Multimedia, artists’ books.

Conceptual Art.

Victor Burgin attended the Royal Academy of Art in London from 1962 to 1965 and Yale School of Art and Architecture from 1965 to 1967. He taught for a number of years at the Film and Photography School of Central London Polytechnic (now the University of Westminster). After spending 13 years in the USA, he returned to London and taught at Goldsmiths College. In addition to his work as an artist, he has also published several books on the theory of art. He is acknowledged as one of the driving forces behind the British photography school founded on semiology and psychoanalysis (rather than on sociology or the history of ideas)....


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1961 active in France.

Born 26 April 1922, in Haine-St-Pierre; died 27 September 2005, in Paris.

Sculptor, collage artist, photomontage artist, monotype artist, illustrator. Designs for jewellery, monuments.

Kinetic Art.

Groups: Hainaut Surrealist group, Haute Nuit, Madí, CoBrA.

Pol Bury first stayed in France between 1929 and 1932. In 1938 he attended the academy of fine arts in Mons. In 1940 he made his debut in Surrealism with a journal entitled ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Avallon; died 6 November 1964, in Vix (Vendée).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, portraits, still-lifes, animals. Murals.

Art Brut.

Chaissac, a self-taught artist, served apprenticeships in several trades before he took up painting. He was a chef's assistant, worked in a hardware shop, and was an apprentice saddler and shoe-repairer. His first introduction to pictorial art came from Mademoiselle Guignepied, who taught drawing to his sister as he looked on with interest. His introduction to painting, at the age of 15, was through his work as a harness maker, using a brush and mixing paint. In 1934, he settled with his brother in Paris, where they ran a shoemaker's booth. It was unsuccessful, but Chaissac was already using pieces of leather in his compositions. His delicate health led to a stay for treatment in Villapourçon; he returned to Paris in 1937....


Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1971 and in the USA from 1980.

Born 1943, in Moscow.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, local scenes (carnival), still-lifes.


Mihail Chemiakin was the son of a soldier father and an actress mother. The family accompanied the father while he was stationed in Dresden between 1945 and 1957. On his return to Russia, Chemiakin enrolled in the Repin Institute, first studying sculpture, but was expelled from the school in 1959 for failing to conform to Socialist Realist demands. Thus, while continuing to produce art, he worked as a labourer to support himself from 1959 to 1971. In the USSR of that particular time, only artists producing work that complied with the directives of Socialist Realism and adopting a strict Academic style were entitled to exhibit their work and to receive a salary. Another, semi-clandestine style, however, was able to exist alongside this, whose protagonists not only needed to employ a good measure of ingenuity when it came to showing their work, but also in producing it, let alone making enough to live on....


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 10 January 1924, in San Sebastián; died 19 August 2002, in San Sebastián.

Sculptor, collage artist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Eduardo Chillida began by studying architecture in Madrid in 1943 but abandoned his studies in 1947 to devote himself to drawing in a free academic style and then to sculpture. From 1948 to 1951, he lived in Paris where, between 1948 and 1949, he modelled in plaster and completed a clay Thinker. He then returned to San Sebastián where he married, returning to France shortly thereafter. In 1951, the couple travelled back to the Basque Country and set up their home in Hernani. In 1954, he was awarded the Graham Foundation Prize in Chicago; in 1958, the International Grand Prix for sculpture; in 1960, the Kandinsky Prize awarded by Nina Kandinsky to a young artist; in 1964, the Carnegie Sculpture Prize at the Pittsburgh International; in ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Lyons; died 8 April 1997, in Turkey, as the result of an accident.

Sculptor of assemblages, installation artist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver, mixed media, illustrator, performance artist, designer, video artist. Multimedia, stage sets.

Land Art.

Jean Clareboudt studied at the École d'Arts Appliqués ...


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1939.

Born 5 April 1913, in Barcelona; died 30 August 2005, in St-Tropez.

Painter (including gouache), collage artist, mixed media, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, animals, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, designs for tapestries.

Clavé did not benefit from any special training. While working as a house painter he attended evening classes at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona. By 1926, he was starting to do illustrations for children's magazines, cinema posters and stage sets. By 1934, he was already using printed fabrics, newspaper, and string collages in promotional materials. Twenty years later he would return to these processes in his paintings....


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 May 1963, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media, assemblage artist, video artist. Multimedia, artists' books.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Groupe des Frères Ripoulin.

Claude Closky studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and was a founder member of the Frères Ripoulin group. He was awarded the ...


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1952, in London.

Printmaker (etching, lithography, screenprinting, digital printmaking), sculptor, curator, writer, educator. Installation art, artists’ books.

Paul Coldwell completed foundation studies at Canterbury College of Art in 1972, before studying fine art at Bristol Polytechnic (1972–1975) and printmaking at the Slade School of Art. He was head of printmaking at the Byam Shaw School of Art, then Camberwell College of Art and Crafts, before becoming Professor at Chelsea College of Art & Design....


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1957, in Concord (New Hampshire), United States.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, illustrator. Stage sets.

Neo-Expressionism, Citationism.

George Condo is an American artist who lived in Paris before moving to New York in the early 1980s. There, he met Andy Warhol, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Keith Haring, and he worked with Beat Generation authors William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. In 1999 he received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters....


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 November 1950, in Chaumont (Haute-Marne).

Sculptor (including wood), ceramicist, installation artist. Low reliefs, artists' books.

Martine Diersé is a graduate of the École des Arts Décoratifs in Strasbourg. She settled in the Ardèche, France. She has made artists' books, such as ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 July 1931, in Paris.

Engraver, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator.

Dorny started his training in the studio of Othon Friesz in 1948, and continued it in the studio of André Lhote in 1952. He started as a painter and in ...


American, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1940, in New Jersey.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, collage artist, photographer, screen printer, video artist. Artists’ books.

Peter Downsbrough lives and works between New York and Brussels. His works, founded on concepts of spatiality and temporality, are intended for the urban environment in the form of installations, sculptures, books, collages, photographs, screen prints, postcards and films. Since the 1960s he has been producing three-dimensional works, exploring various materials in a serial process. In the 1970s he enlarged these two concepts to include notions of movement and space, notably in the series ...


German, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1961, in Karlsruhe.

Active in Amsterdam.

Installation artist, sculptor. Artists’ books

Conceptual Art.

Yvonne Dröge Wendel grew up in southern Germany and received her MA in education at the Westfälische Wilhelms Universität Münster in 1986. At age 26 she moved to the Netherlands to attend the Audio Visual Department of the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam until ...