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Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Died 1409, in Florence.

Painter, decorative designer.

The grandson or nephew of Aghinetti - known as the Maestro del Sero - Maestro Guccio is mentioned in 1367 in connection with the coats of arms he painted above the Falconieri door in the cathedral....

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

In 1339, together with Cola Prefetti, Agnelello di Puccio executed the ceiling paintings of Orvieto Cathedral.

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist.

Andrea di Buccio worked as an artist in Orvieto, where he decorated a ceiling in 1339.

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Vercelli.

Painter. Frescoes, decorative schemes.

Vercelli School.

In 1387, Antonio da Novara decorated the façade of the Palazzo Comunale with coats of arms and frescoes.

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Active in Rodezc.1385.

Born in Rodez.

Painter, decorative artist.

Article

French, 14th – 16th century, male.

Painters, enamellers.

Living in Limoges from the 14th century, the Courteys family is best known for two enamellers of the second half of the 16th century. It may have had links with the Court family, also enamellers, and the Courtoys family, who made the windows of the church of La Ferté in the 15th and 16th centuries. In ...

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born 1372; died c. 1421.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. History painting, portraits. Ornaments.

Florentine School.

It is generally agreed that Dello Fiorentino died around 1421. If, like Vasari, we adopt the age of 49 as being his age at his death, then he would have been born around ...

Article

Danielle B. Joyner

From the time John Cassian established the first female foundation in Marseille in ad 410, monastic women lived in varying states of enclosure and were surrounded by diverse images and objects that contributed to their devotion, education and livelihood. The first rule for women, written in 512 by St Caesarius of Arles, emphasized their strict separation from men and the world, as did the Periculoso, a directive issued by Pope Boniface VIII (reg 1294–1303) in 1298. Various architectural solutions developed throughout the Middle Ages to reconcile the necessities of enclosure with the access required by male clerics to celebrate Mass and provide pastoral care. Nuns’ choirs, where the women would gather for their daily prayers, were often constructed as discreet spaces in the church, which allowed women to hear or see the Mass without interacting with the cleric, as in the 10th-century choir in the eastern transept gallery at St Cyriakus in Gernrode, Germany. In some Cistercian examples, the nuns’ choir appeared at the west end of the nave. Dominican and Franciscan architecture was largely varied. Double monasteries, which housed men and women, also required careful construction. A 7th-century text describing the church of St Brigida in ...

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1325.

Painter. Wall decorations.

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Active in Paris in 1319 and 1320.

Painter, decorative artist, combmaker/ivory worker.

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active in Florence.

Born 1366; died 26 August 1444.

Painter, decorative artist. Frescoes.

Assistant to Giovanni del Ponte, Smeraldo di Giovanni painted frescoes and decorated chests.

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

Werlin zum Burne painted frescoes of saints in the church at Guebwiller.