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Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

This artist is said to have painted a Romanesque crucifix in the cathedral of Spoleto. It is signed: Opus Albertini Sotti, 1187.

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist, illuminator. Religious subjects.

A monk, this artist illustrated a manuscript of St Augustine's City of God.

Boulogne-sur-Mer (Bibliothèque municipale): The City of God

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Modena School.

One of the masters of Northern Italian medieval sculpture, this artist worked from 1177 to 1233. Among his works is a marble relief Descent from the Cross in Parma Cathedral.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

A native of Modena, in 1237 this artist painted a fresco for the apse, in the church of S Maria di Cartignano in Bussi, Abruzzo.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Gubbio.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Neapolitan School.

This artist must have painted the fresco of the Archangel Michael in the church of S Maria di Vettorino in Gubbio. According to Baldinucci there is evidence of a painter of this name working in Naples....

Article

Eadwin  

British, 12th century, male.

Activec.1150.

Miniaturist.

A monk, this artist collaborated in the decoration of a psalter at Christ Church Cathedral, Canterbury.

Article

Ephrem  

12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

According to a Greek inscription in the choir of the Church of the Nativity, Jerusalem, this painter carried out the magnificent mosaics for the Emperor Mauel Komnenos in 1169. Preserved in the choir are his paintings The Entry into Jerusalem...

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Died 29 December 1163.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Architect and Bishop of Metz, this artist was also known as a sculptor. He decorated the high-altar choir of his cathedral and restored the churches of St-Pierre-aux-Images and Notre-Dame-la-Ronde.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Guglielmo's name is known from the inscription of two lines of verse on a Crucifix belonging to the church of S Andrea, Sarzana, a town on the east bank of the River Magra: 'In the year one thousand one hundred and thirty-eight (...

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Frescoes.

Among this artist's works are figures of saints (1178) in a private house in Bologna, some frescoes and a Virgin.

Article

Francis Woodman

Former Augustinian priory church in Northumberland, England, noted for its Anglo-Saxon crypt and Early Gothic transept. Founded c. ad 675 by St Wilfrid (d 709), Hexham was an important Anglo-Saxon building, and a cathedral from 681. Richard of Hexham (12th century) described the early church as ‘larger than any other house this side of the Alps’, while William of Malmesbury (c. 1124) said that Hexham displayed the ‘glories of Rome’ and that Wilfrid had brought Roman masons to build it. The church, dedicated to St Andrew, was a basilica with square piers supporting galleries over the aisles, perhaps extending around the west, and a clerestory. Access to the upper floor was by spiral stairs. The crypt ‘of wonderfully dressed stone’ (Eddius) survives beneath the present church. Other potentially early features suggest a bema-like eastern termination. A 7th-century English basilican church with both crypt and galleries is exceptional and recalls S Agnese fuori le Mura (...

Article

12th century, male.

Illuminator. Religious subjects.

Hugh ornamented the St Jerome's Commentaries on Isaiah now in Oxford, following the style of the Devonshire Benedictional.

Oxford (Bodleian Library): St Jerome's Commentaries on Isaiah

Article

Jean  

12th century, male.

Miniaturist, monk. Religious subjects.

Jean, active before 1165, was a Benedictine monk of St Sauveur d'Anchin, who worked on St Augustine's book on the Trinity, now in the library at Douai.

Douai (Library): miniatures for The Trinity of St Augustine

Article

Martino  

German, 12th century, male.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Berlin (Bodemus.): Madonna

Article

Spanish, 12th century, male.

Active at the end of the 12th century.

Painter. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures. Frescoes.

Catalan School.

This painter is known for the decoration of the altar frontal in the church of St Vicenç in Espinelves (now in the Museu Episcopal, Vic) and the frescoes in the apse of Sta Maria in Terrassa, near Barcelona. He interprets quite freely, and even moves away from, the Byzantine formulas, and is often charmingly clumsy. Figures seem to float in the air and he enlarges fingers to indicate the essential directions of his composition and explain them. His art is narrative and refers to contemporary events, and this makes it possible to date approximately the frescoes in which he depicts the martyrdom of St Thomas à Becket, which took place in ...

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Active in La Chapelle (Aude).

Painter. Religious subjects.

In 1116 Omblardus painted an altar painting for St-Désiré (now in the Allier).

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Sotio painted a Christ on the Cross in the Ercoli chapel of Spoleto Cathedral.

Article

Flemish School, 12th century, male.

Died 1158, in Liège.

Painter, musician, writer.

Waselin painted religious subjects on canvas that were paraded in church possessions during Lent.