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Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 26 March 1809, in Kentish Town, London; died 13 September 1854, at sea, between Malta and Marseilles.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, writer. Genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, topographical views.

Orientalism.

William Henry Bartlett is thought to have exhibited at the Royal Academy ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 September 1819, in Étampes (Essonne); died 20 September 1891, in Asnières (Hauts-de-Seine).

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Orientalism.

A pupil of Rémon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Gave up his studies in 1841 after competing unsuccessfully for the Prix de Rome. Nevertheless, he exhibited for the first time at the Salon of 1843, where he was well received by the public. His work found sufficient favour with his artist peers that the journal ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

Joshua Drapkin

(b Azay-le-Ferron, Indre, June 3, 1756; d Versailles, Nov 1, 1827).

French draughtsman, engraver, sculptor and archaeologist. He received instruction in drawing from Joseph-Marie Vien, Jean-Jacques Lagrenée and Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. In 1778 he departed for Italy, where he developed his landscape draughtsmanship and his passion for antiquity. He travelled incessantly, recording everything he saw and venturing out from Rome to Venice, Naples and Sicily. An example of the numerous drawings he produced is the Ruins of the Baths of Titus Seen from the Colosseum (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.). In 1782 a group of amateurs, under the patronage of Emperor Joseph II, commissioned from him a series of views of the Istrian and Dalmatian coast; these were eventually published in J. Lavallée’s Voyage pittoresque et historique de l’Istrie et de la Dalmatie. After a brief spell in France, Cassas followed Marie-Gabriel, Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier, to his new ambassadorial post in Constantinople in 1784. He subsequently visited Syria, Egypt, Palestine, Cyprus and Asia Minor, recording his impressions of Alexandria, Cairo, Smyrna, the Temple of Diana (Artemis) at Ephesos and the Palmyra and Baalbek ruins. Many of the 250 drawings dating from this trip were of hitherto unrecorded sights. With Choiseul’s assistance Cassas published these works in the ...

Article

Armenian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active then naturalised in France.

Born 1864, in Erzurum; died 1949, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver. Seascapes, landscapes.

Chabanian became the pupil of Gustave Moreau in Paris after studying with Paoletti. He received an honourable mention in 1896 at the Salon des Artistes Français, and another at the Exposition Universelle in 1900. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and participated in the Exposition in Brussels in 1910, when he was made a Chevalier in the Légion d’Honneur. He also exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1939, and the Salon des Indépendants in 1943....

Article

Andrew W. Moore

(b London, June 6, 1804; d Adalia [now Antalya], Turkey, Sept 24, 1842).

English painter and etcher. In the early 1820s he rapidly developed his skills as an etcher. Three prints, Near Norwich, Whitlingham Staithe and Bure Bridge (all 1827), demonstrate his developed sensitivity of line. His watercolour study for Bure Bridge, Aylsham (1826; Norwich, Castle Mus.) testifies to his fluid use of wash freely applied over light pencil. Daniell also began to paint in oils and received a few lessons from John Linnell in 1828, the year he graduated at Oxford. In 1829 he began the first of his continental tours, returning late 1830. His etchings developed a freedom of line that moved away from the example of his friend and teacher, Joseph Stannard of Norwich, towards that of Andrew Geddes and the Scottish etchers, whose work he probably saw while in Scotland in the summer of 1831. He exhibited once with the Norwich Society in 1832. Daniell’s later etchings, ...

Article

Donald A. Rosenthal

(b Bordeaux, July 16, 1804; d Paris, Feb 18, 1868).

French painter, illustrator and writer. His early training was as a theatrical scene painter and a designer of lithographic illustrations. In Bordeaux he studied with Pierre Lacour (ii) (1778–1859) and worked with Thomas Olivier (1772–1839), chief scene designer at the Grand-Théâtre. He subsequently studied in Paris in the studio of the landscape and history painter Julien-Michel Gué (1789–1843) and worked for the decorators of the Théâtre Italien.

From 1827 Dauzats provided lithographic designs for Isidore-Justin-Séverin Taylor’s series Voyages pittoresques et romantiques dans l’ancienne France (1820–78). He travelled in the French provinces, particularly Champagne, Dauphiné and Languedoc, often sketching the medieval monuments that had come into vogue during the Romantic period.

Dauzats also collaborated on lithographs for many other publications, including Taylor’s Voyage en Orient. For this last project Dauzats travelled to Egypt, Syria, Palestine and Turkey in 1830, a trip that he described in his book ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1862, in Rheims; died 1943.

Painter, pastellist, engraver (etching). Figures, portraits, landscapes, village views, architectural views, seascapes.

From 1886 to 1891, Henri Delavallée regularly visited Pont-Aven in Brittany where he met Gauguin, Émile Bernard and Seguin. In Paris, where he had a studio, he also met with other artists of the Pont-Aven school. In 1891 he left for the Middle East and settled in Istanbul, remaining there for ten years before returning to Brittany. Delavallée painted Breton landscapes in a pointillist style, sunburnt Turkish landscapes and portraits of the Grand Vizir and members of his court in solidly structured compositions....

Article

(b La Roque d’Anthéron, Bouches-du-Rhône, Aug 19, 1777; d Paris, Feb 23, 1841).

French museum director, painter, printmaker, writer and military officer. He studied painting in Aix-en-Provence under Jean-Antoine Constantin, alongside his lifelong friend François-Marius Granet; further teachers included Jean-Jacques de Boissieu, Jean-Louis Demarne and, from 1796, Jacques-Louis David. He first exhibited at the Salon in that year. However, during the Empire he was chiefly celebrated as a soldier, writer and lover. He became Chamberlain and consort to Napoleon’s sister, Pauline Bonaparte, Princess Borghese, and was decorated for his conduct in the Portuguese and Austrian campaigns. In 1810 Charles Barimore, the most successful of his four Orientalist novels, was a great sensation in Empire boudoirs. Forbin’s most significant contributions to the history of art came when he returned to Paris after the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1814.

Following his appointment in 1816 as Director of the Royal Museums, to succeed Vivant Denon, Forbin’s first concern was to minimize the repatriation of works of art acquired by force during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. In ...

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Zlín.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Landscapes.

Bohumir Jaronek studied at the Budapest academy of fine art. He spent five years in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Constantinople and Italy. He stayed in Paris where he exhibited his watercolours of the Middle East. He also exhibited work in Prague, at the watercolour exhibition in Dresden in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 26 July 1825, in Carpentras (Vaucluse); died 5 May 1901, in St-Didier (Vaucluse).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes.

Orientalism.

After receiving guidance from his brother, the painter Jean Joseph Bonaventure Laurens, Jules Joseph studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montpellier, then in Paris, at the studio of Paul Delaroche. From 1846 to 1849 he accompanied a geographical, scientific and historical mission to Turkey and Persia. He acquired a reputation as an orientalist on his return to Paris. A member of a circle of artistic celebrities, his friends included Victor Hugo. Laurens exhibited at the Paris Salon, receiving a third-class medal for lithography in 1853 and a third-class medal for painting in 1857, a further third-class for lithography in 1859, a second-class for lithography in 1861 and a medal for painting at the Exposition Universelle of 1867. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1868. He also wrote and illustrated articles on the Middle East for publications including ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 4 January 1810, in Nancy; died 26 March 1881, in Algiers.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, church interiors.

Jules Achille Noël studied under Cherioux in Brest (Brittany) before moving to Paris. He debuted at the Salon in 1840 and continued exhibiting there until 1879, winning a third-class medal in 1853....

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in France and in the Orient.

Born 2nd September 1826, in Busseto (Parma); died 15th December 1899, in Cavoretto (Turin).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer. Scenes with figures, market scenes, genre scenes, landscapes.

Orientalism.

Alberto Pasini studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Parma and was also taught by Ciceri, Isabey and Théodore Rousseau. In 1851, after having fought in the first war of independence, Pasini moved to Paris, where he worked in Chassériau's studio and discovered oriental art. He became close to the painters from the Barbizon school. In 1855 he visited the Middle East, where he worked as an official artist for Prosper Bourré's diplomatic mission. He subsequently returned to Paris before leaving for the East once again. This time he stayed in Constantinople (1868-69), Syria and Lebanon. In 1870 he settled in Piedmont, near to Turin in a small town named Cavoretto, and subsequently visited Venice, Athens and Spain. He was awarded medals at the Exposition Universelle in Paris (1859, 1863, 1864 and 1899), and received the Légion d'Honneur in 1868....

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1844, in St Petersburg; died 18 July 1927, in Polenovo (Tula region).

Painter, engraver, designer, illustrator, teacher. History painting, religious painting, portraits, genre painting, landscapes, stage designs, costumes, decorative art, architecture.

The Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions)...

Article

Michelle Facos

(b Gävle, Sept 23, 1860; d Solna, Jan 8, 1928).

Swedish painter and printmaker. He studied at the Royal Academy of Art in Stockholm from 1879 to 1882. For the next 12 years he lived abroad, travelling to Italy, Spain, France, Germany and North Africa and settling in London in 1886. During this time printmaking became his primary interest and in 1892 he joined the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers in London. In 1895 he returned to Stockholm, where he initiated a printmaking course at the Royal Academy. Among his students were Carl Olof Larsson, Anders Zorn, the Swedish painter Albert Engström (1869–1940) and Ferdinand Boberg. It was largely due to his efforts that printmaking gained widespread popularity among Swedish artists in the 20th century.

Några ord om etsning och andra Konstnärliga gravyrmetoder [Some words on etching and other artistic engraving methods] (Stockholm, 1912) J. Nordling: ‘Axel Tallberg och hans etsarskola’ [Axel Tallberg and his etching school], ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Active from 1891 in France.

Born 21 June 1859, in Pittsburgh; died 25 May 1937, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, harbour views, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals.

Symbolism.

Tanner’s father was the minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, then in Philadelphia from 1866, and became Superintendent of his Church in 1888. His mother, Sarah Miller, had escaped slavery during her childhood, getting to Pittsburgh through the network called the Underground Railway. She set up a school in her own house for the children of the community. Tanner studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1880 to 1882 under Thomas Eakins (Eakins did a portrait of Tanner in 1900). He became an illustrator, notably for ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1861, in Lyons; died 27 April 1943, in Treignac.

Painter, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, seascapes. Murals, designs for tapestries.

Edmond Tapissier studied under Jean-Baptiste Chatigny in Lyons, and under Alexandre Cabanel and Fernand Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He spent time in St Petersburg and then visited Italy, Greece and the Middle East. Tapissier was appointed as a naval painter in ...

Article

Blanca García Vega

(b Málaga, Aug 15, 1821; d Madrid, Feb 19, 1882).

Spanish lithographer, illustrator and painter. In 1859 he enlisted for the African Campaign in Morocco, and the studies he did in Africa led to drawings for an atlas of the battles in Africa (Madrid, 1860), as well as those for Crónicas de la guerra de Africa (Madrid, 1859) by Emilio Castelar and for Diario (Madrid, 1859–60) by the novelist Pedro Antonio de Alarcón (1833–91). He promoted a section for lithography at the Escuela de Artes y Oficios in Madrid. An excellent portraitist, he also made numerous drawings and illustrations for newspapers, royal chronicles and for Iconografia española (Madrid, 1855–64) by Valentín Carderera y Solano, as well as lithographs of bullfights. He provided decorative works for various public buildings in Madrid and the provinces.

A. Canovas: Pintores malaqueños del siglo XIX (Málaga, 1908) A. Gallego: Historia del grabado en España (Madrid, 1979), p. 356 E. Paez Rios...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 30 June 1789, in Paris; died 17 January 1863, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, military subjects, military portraits, battles, horse racing scenes, horses.

Horace Vernet was born in the apartments his family occupied in the Louvre palace. In 1792, the Vernets were driven from their home by the revolutionary armies. Like his father Carle, Horace Vernet showed extraordinary talent already as a child earning a living by drawing and painting from a very early age. He contributed drawings to the ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 21 March 1802, in Mulhouse; died 11 November 1869, in Versailles.

Painter, lithographer, engraver (etching). History painting, portraits.

A pupil of Gros; enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts on 11 April 1825. After completing his studies in Algeria, Wachsmuth went on to exhibit at the Salon ...