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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born c. 1880, in Toulouse.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer, draughtswoman. Figure compositions, portraits.

Symbolism.

Jane Atche placed her medieval-looking figures in a gothic setting. However, they were sometimes rendered in light brushwork which belonged more to the Impressionists than the Symbolists....

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1872, in Chýnov; died 13 October 1941, in Chýnov.

Sculptor, engraver.

Symbolism.

Mánes Group.

Frantisek Bilek lived in Bohemia, working sometimes in Prague, sometimes in Chýnov. A student at the academy of fine art in Prague from ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Casale Monferrato.

Born 14 March 1859, in Casale Monferrato (Piedmont); died 2 September 1933, in Turin.

Sculptor, engraver. Figures. Groups, monuments.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Piedmont-born artist who is perhaps more properly regarded as being from the Lombard School, insofar as he trained at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. Bistolfi's sculpture has a distinct pictorial edge. His earliest work comprised various groups (for example ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 April 1862, in Cuisery (Saône-et-Loire); died 1928 or 1929, in Saulieu.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

Gaston Bussière was a pupil of Cabanel, and then of Puvis de Chavannes, at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Salon ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1849, in Gournay-sur-Marne; died 1906, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Eugène Carrière took courses at a local art school in Strasbourg from 1862 and at the age of 15 was apprenticed as a lithographer. In 1869, Carrière moved to Paris to study under Cabanel. The Franco-Prussian War of 1870 intervened and he completed his formal education only in 1876. In retrospect, he believed his artistic development was influenced less by these academic studies, which he considered 'sterile' to the extent that they were 'cut off from Nature', than by his exposure to the works of Rubens, Turner, Rembrandt and Franz Hals. Carrière failed to secure a Prix de Rome in 1876 but made a successful debut at that year's Paris Salon and went on to make his mark in 1879 with ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1867, in Lunéville; died 28 October 1949, in Bourg-la-Reine.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven (certain similarities).

Paul-Émile Colin was self-taught. He studied and practised medicine for a number of years before enrolling at the Académie Colarossi in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1866, in Brussels; died 1942.

Engraver.

Symbolism.

Marie Danse was the daughter of the engraver Michel Auguste Danse and the wife of Jules Destrée. She engraved her own work, reproduced views of monuments and copied the paintings of the masters....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 February 1867, in Monthermé (Ardennes), France; died 1 March 1935, in Stavelot.

Painter, pastellist, lithographer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes.

Symbolism.

William Degouve de Nuncques initially pursued a career in music. In painting he was self-taught but nonetheless came under the influence of the Symbolist painter Jan Toorop, with whom he formed a close friendship from 1883, and Henri de Groux. From 1890 he exhibited in Paris at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and made the acquaintance of Rodin, Puvis de Chavannes and Maurice Denis, who encouraged him. In 1894 he became a member of the ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Lille; died 1938, in Ghent.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

Charles Doudelet studied music at the Ghent conservatory and sculpture at the Ghent school of industrial art and design. He lived abroad for many years, mostly in Italy. He was a member of the artistic group ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1806, in Aberdeen; died 15 February 1864, in Streatham.

Painter, engraver, fresco artist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite (related to).

William Dyce, the son of a doctor, was a pupil at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he obtained his diploma at the age of 16. Afterwards, he followed courses at the academies of London and Edinburgh. In ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 December 1870, in Frankenstein; died 1946, in Icking, near Munich.

Painter, engraver. Figures, landscapes.

Symbolism.

The brother of Fritz Erler, Erich Erler-Samaden worked in Samaden and Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) where he was taught by A. Bräuer at the Kunsthochschule. He lived in the Swiss Alps. His works include ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1818, in Nancy; died 1897.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, miniaturist, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, animals. Murals.

Symbolism.

Louis Stanislas Faivre-Duffer studied under Claude Bonnefond and Victor Orsel at the Lyons École des Beaux-Arts before joining the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he won many awards. He then travelled to Rome. In 1836 he made his début at the Lyons Salon with ...

Article

Finnish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 or 29 May 1865, in Pori, 26 April according to some sources; died 7 March 1931, in Stockholm.

Painter, pastellist, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Akseli Gallen-Kallela began his studies at the Finnish fine arts school in Helsinki in ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868 or 1869, in Amsterdam; died 1938, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Symbolism, Constructivism.

Holst studied at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1885 until 1890 and taught there ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 29 April 1830, in Leeds; died 23 January 1888, in Leeds.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Landscapes.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite (related to).

John William Inchbold was the son of the chief editor and proprietor of the Leeds Intelligencer. After studying drawing he went to live in London, working in the lithographic studio of Day and Haghe. Around ...

Article

German, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1857, in Plagwitz, near Leipzig; died 5 July 1920, in Grossjena, near Nuremberg.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects. Statues.

Symbolism.

Max Klinger entered the art school in Karlsruhe at the age of 16, where he studied under Karl Gussov. When Gussov accepted a professorship at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin, Klinger accompanied him to that city from 1875 to 1878. He also worked in the studio of Arnold Böcklin, who was also an influence. He began to exhibit in public in 1878 with a painting, ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 9 February 1863, in Tägerwilen; died 12 August 1956, in Bern.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers, animals.

Symbolism.

Die Walze group.

Kreidolf was a lithographer's apprentice in Constance from 1879 to 1883, and then studied under Gabriel von Hackl and Ludwig von Löfftz at the art academy in Munich. He settled in Switzerland during World War I in 1916. Later, he continued his training by studying nature in the Bavarian countryside for several years. In addition to landscape painting, he was a talented illustrator of children's books based on animals and flowers, collections of poetry, and literary and scientific works, including: ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 21 October 1864, in Molenbeek-St-Jean; died 1940, in Brussels.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Eugène Laermans studied from 1886 under Portaels at the Académie des Beaux Arts in Brussels and spent a number of years at the free academy of La Patte de Dindon (The Turkey's Claw). Deaf from the age of eleven and subsequently blind from 1924, he lived the life of a semi-recluse....

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 November 1864, in Vienna; died 9 February 1918, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, watercolourist, pastellist. Mythological subjects, figure compositions, portraits, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Wilhelm List studied under Christian Griepenkerl at the academy in Vienna from 1885 until 1889 and then at the academy in Munich, after which he spent time in Bouguereau's studio in Paris. Along with Klimt, he was one of the founders of the Vienna ...

Article

Australian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 August 1871, at Goulburn (New South Wales); died 23 January 1955, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Scenes with figures, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Sydney Long spent his childhood in New South Wales before settling in Sydney, where he studied under A.J. Daplyn and Julian Ashton at the Art Society of New South Wales school. His work was exhibited at the National Gallery of South Australia and in 1894 the Art Gallery of New South Wales purchased his plein air image of boys bathing, ...