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Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1790, in Estagel near Perpignan; died 1855, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Waterscapes, harbour scenes.

London, 28 May 1987: View of Sydney Harbour (1819, watercolour, in situ sketch, 11½ × 18 ins/28.9 × 45.7 cm) GBP 25,000

London, 26 Sept 2002...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 1839, in Ostend; died 1913.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (including etching). Figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets.

Lionel Baes was a student at the Antwerp academy and later became director of the free academy of Brussels. He painted scenery for theatres in Namur and Louvain, and he also produced landscape etchings....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 29 July 1798, in Cottbus; died 23 July 1840, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, lithographer, decorative designer. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, ruins, architectural views. Stage sets.

Biedermeier.

Karl Blechen studied at the Berlin Akademie der Künste under the landscape artist Lütke. As an impoverished young painter, he came to the attention of the architect and stage designer, Schinkel, who found him a job as scene painter at the Königstadt Theatre in Berlin in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1804, baptised in London, in the parish of St Luke; died 1875, in London.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, caricaturist. Genre scenes, portraits. Stage sets.

Robert Buss learned engraving from his father, with whom he studied for six years before going to further his studies with George Clint. While with Clint, he trained as a portrait painter and stage designer. He supplied illustrations for works by authors such as Charles Knight, Captain Marryat, Mrs Trollope (or Troloppe), Harrisson and Ainsworth. Despite this work, he also found time for painting and one of his canvases, ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1850, in Philadelphia; died 1903, in Philadelphia.

Painter, engraver. Stage scenery.

H.T. Cariss was a pupil at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and a member of the Philadelphia Art Club. He exhibited several engravings in Philadelphia in 1882.

New York...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France and in the USA.

Born 1872, in Stevenage; died 29 July 1966, in Vence, France.

Draughtsman, engraver, theatre designer. Stage sets.

Edward Gordon Craig was the illegitimate son of the actress Ellen Terry and the architect and stage designer Edward Godwin. He began wood engraving in ...

Article

Tessa Sidey

(b Stevenage, Jan 16, 1872; d Vence, France, July 29, 1966).

English theatre director, designer, theorist, printmaker and typographer. He was one of the great, if controversial, innovators of the modern theatre movement. The son of the actress Ellen Terry and the architect Edward William Godwin, Craig was born into a strong theatrical tradition. He abandoned a promising career as an actor with Henry Irving’s Lyceum Company in 1897 to concentrate on directing and developing ideas about ‘the theatre of the future’. Inspired by Hubert von Herkomer’s scenic experiments with auditorium lighting and three-dimensional scenery in productions at the Bushey Art School, Herts, Craig exchanged the conventions of realistic scenery for a suggestive, abstract interplay of form, light, movement and music. This new total theatre drew on the imagination to create an architectonic vision of choreographic movement, colour harmony, visual simplicity and atmospheric effect united under the sole control of a single artist. Influenced by his relationship with the dancer Isadora Duncan, he also proposed a concept of the rhythms and movements in nature acting as the vehicle for an emotional and aesthetic experience....

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 8 September 1874, in Vienna.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (wood), director. Figures, local figures, costume studies. Stage sets.

Leonhard Fanto studied at the academy of fine arts in Vienna and the Académie Julian in Paris. He also spent a period in Rome. Having worked in Vienna, he was called to the theatre in Dresden, where he acquired a strong reputation for his stage sets. In ...

Article

Silvia Lucchesi

(b Turin, Dec 16, 1808; d Giaveno, nr Susa, Piedmont, Sept 14, 1889).

Italian painter, printmaker, illustrator and stage designer. He studied at the Accademia Albertina di Belle Arti in Turin under the painters Giovan Batista Biscarra (1790–1851) and Luigi Vacca (1778–1854), whose daughter he married. He was one of the first Italian artists to specialize in lithography and wood-engraving, and he became famous as the major illustrator of I promessi sposi and the Storia della colonna infame by Alessandro Manzoni (published together, Milan, 1840). He also illustrated a selection of the poetry of Carlo Porta and Tommaso Grossi written in Milanese dialect, Poesie scelte in dialetto milanese di C. Porta e T. Grossi (Milan, 1842), and in these illustrations he revealed a taste for the humble and the picturesque. He was a versatile artist and, after collaborating with Vacca in the 1830s, received royal commissions for frescoes: with Carlo Bellosio (1801–49) he decorated the ballroom of the Palazzo Reale in Turin and the Sala delle Verne in the Castello di Racconigi (both ...

Article

Lee M. Edwards

(b Waal, Bavaria, May 26, 1849; d Budleigh Salterton, Devon, March 31, 1914).

English painter, illustrator, printmaker, stage designer, film maker, writer and teacher of German birth. He was the only child of Lorenz Herkomer (d 1887), a wood-carver, and Josephine (née Niggl), an accomplished pianist and music teacher. They left Bavaria for the USA in 1851 and lived briefly in Cleveland, OH, before settling in Southampton, England, in 1857.

Herkomer received his first art instruction from his father and from 1864 to 1865 he attended the Southampton School of Art. Later he often criticized the crippling academic methods to which he was exposed as a student. In 1865 he briefly attended the Munich Academy and spent the summer terms of 1866 and 1867 at the South Kensington Art School in London, where he found the teaching ‘aimless and undirected’. With the encouragement of his fellow student Luke Fildes, Herkomer took up black-and-white illustration; his first wood-engraving appeared in Good Words...

Article

Vivian Endicott Barnett

[Vassily; Wassily] (Vasil’yevich)

(b Moscow, Dec 4, 1866; d Neuilly-sur-Seine, Dec 13, 1944).

Russian painter, printmaker, stage designer, decorative artist and theorist. A central figure in the development of 20th-century art and specifically in the transition from representational to abstract art, Kandinsky worked in a wide variety of media and was an important teacher and theoretician. He worked mainly outside Russia, but his Russian heritage continued to be an important factor in his development.

Kandinsky grew up in Odessa and from 1886 to 1893 studied economics, ethnography and law in Moscow, where he wrote a dissertation on the legality of labourers’ wages. He married his cousin Anya Shemyakina in 1892 (divorced 1911). In 1896 Kandinsky decided to become an artist and went to Munich. There he studied from 1896 to 1898 at the art school of Anton Ažbe, where he met Alexei Jawlensky and Marianne von Werefkin, and then in 1900 at the Akademie with Franz von Stuck. The following year he was a co-founder of the ...

Article

(b Hamburg, Sept 14, 1876; d Pansdorf, nr Lübeck, May 13, 1954).

German painter, printmaker, poster and stage designer. He attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hamburg (c. 1894), and art academies in Düsseldorf and Berlin (c. 1897). In the first decades of the 20th century he exhibited with the New Secessionists. He drew and painted still-lifes and figures in landscapes and interiors in a strongly Expressionist style, which revealed his admiration for Cubism and for the work of Ferdinand Hodler. He was an assiduous worker; besides paintings, woodcuts and lithographs, he designed stained-glass windows, mosaics (e.g. Kaiser Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, Berlin), murals and painted ceilings. He also decorated the interiors of a number of Berlin theatres, as well as the Marmorhaus cinema (1913). Klein and Gerhard Marcks joined Gropius to organize the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Cologne.

In the post-World War I ferment of cultural and political activity, Klein, with Max Pechstein and others, founded the Novembergruppe in Berlin in ...

Article

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 3 January 1864, in Vienna; died 9 December 1892, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman. Stage sets.

Ernst Klimt the Younger was the son of the engraver Ernst Klimt and younger brother of Gustav Klimt. He studied with Laufberger and J. Berger in Vienna. He had a very promising talent, but died at the age of 28. He painted mainly stage sets in collaboration with his brother Gustav....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 November 1853, in Paris; died 7 October 1940, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, stage set designer. Historical subjects, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, costume studies. Fans.

Maurice Leloir was the son of Jean-Baptiste Auguste Leloir and the watercolourist Héloïse Colin, and the brother of Alexandre Louis Leloir. He was taught by his grandfather, Alexandre Colin, his parents and his elder brother....

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1865, in Bilbao; died 9 October 1949, in Bilbao.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, portraits, landscapes. Murals, stage sets.

Losada y Perez de Nenin's work was shown at the 1887 Exposición Nacional in Madrid. Following this, he was given a grant which allowed him to study for two years in Paris, where he trained under William Bouguereau and Eugène Carrière. He subsequently visited Belgium before returning to Bilbao in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

Néstor  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 February 1887, in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria; died 6 February 1938, in Las Palmas.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, scenographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, animals. Murals, stage sets, stage costumes, theatre decoration.

Symbolism.

From a very early age Néstor showed signs of being gifted in drawing and painting and in this he was encouraged by his mother. From ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 3 March 1780, in Karlsruhe; died 6 June 1861, in Mainz.

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes, portraits. Stage sets.

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1784, in Venice; died 1851, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Urban views, architectural views. Stage sets.

After studying in Venice Antonio de Pian moved to Vienna, where he became a member of the academy of fine arts in May 1845...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 23 October 1795, in Munich; died 8 March 1878, in Munich.

Painter, lithographer. Architectural views, landscapes. Stage sets.

Simon Quaglio was the fourth son of Giuseppe Quaglio. He studied under his father and his elder brother Angelo Quaglio the Elder....