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Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 3 September 1856, in Elverum; died 1 May 1904.

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes.

Olaf Alakram began his artistic education late in life. Around 1890 he worked with the painters Werenskojold and Gerhard Munthe in Oslo. He then went to train in Copenhagen under Zarhman in ...

Article

Jan Jaap Heij

(b The Hague, Aug 18, 1871; d Amsterdam, Oct 19, 1934).

Dutch printmaker and painter. He trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, where he subsequently taught graphic art (1893–1911). In 1911 he succeeded Pieter Dupont as professor in graphics at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the directorship of Antoon Derkinderen. In the early years of his career Aarts produced some paintings using the pointillist technique, mostly landscapes (The Hague, Gemeentemus.); he also carved some sculptures in wood. He is, however, best known for his graphic work. In technique and subject-matter, his prints have a great deal in common with those of Dupont. As the latter’s successor he devoted himself to the revival of engraving, which his predecessor had reintroduced; his own experiments in this medium (in particular his scenes with diggers and beggars, all c. 1900) are considered milestones in early 20th-century Dutch printmaking. He also applied his skills to etching, lithography, woodcutting and wood-engraving; of the latter his ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1871, in Molenbeek-St-Jean; died 1942, in Ixelles (Brussels).

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes.

Having initially studied at the school of decorative arts, Pierre Abattucci went on to the fine arts academy of Brussels where he was a pupil of Joseph Stallaert and Portaels. He spent considerable time in Italy in various places including Venice, Florence, Assisi and Rome. He showed at the Brussels International Exhibition in 1910. In 1901, 1903 and 1904 he executed albums for the Société des Aquafortistes Belges, of which he was a member. He was professor at the Molenbeek-St-Jean Academy of Art. His landscapes, such as ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 15 January 1812, in Krefeld; died 8 November 1889, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, engraver (etching/burin).

At 18, he enrolled at the academy in Düsseldorf as a pupil of J. W. Schirmer. He spent three years studying drawing and painting, working especially on landscapes, but soon gave these up in favour of engraving. In this medium, he worked from his own drawings or those of artists such as Andreas Aschenbach, Lessing or Scheuren to produce landscapes and views of Germany. A noted picture by him is of ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 August 1764, in Aschach; died 1818, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver. Mythological subjects, portraits.

Joseph Abel's remarkable abilities became evident at a very early age. Taken on by Füger, he made such rapid progress that he was soon painting. He caught the attention of the head of the Czartoryski family, who took the young artist to Poland. There he did various works before moving to Rome, arriving in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 29 December 1857, in Versailles; died 9 September 1918, in Auxerre, on the battlefield.

Painter, pastellist, engraver. Historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Until 1890, Louis Abel-Truchet was a tradesman by profession, but he went on to become a pupil of both Jules Lefebre and Benjamin Constant at the Académie Julian. He joined up voluntarily in 1914, at the age of 57, as a lieutenant in the First Engineers Regiment and took command of a camouflage unit. He was later awarded the Croix de Guerre, as well as the Légion d'Honneur, which he had already received as a civilian....

Article

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 1864, in Sweden.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Landscapes.

Emil Aberg, a landscape painter, who also did etchings, is mainly known for his numerous drawings for illustrated magazines.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 January 1836, in Vitré (Ille-et-Vilaine); died 5 April 1895.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Landscapes.

Tancrède Abraham studied under Jules Noël and Nazon. He exhibited at the Salon from 1863 onwards and participated in several exhibitions of painting and engraving in provincial galleries. Abraham worked extensively at Château-Gontier, where he was appointed museum curator. As a landscape painter, he produced mainly paintings of his native region executed in watercolour and oils and distinguished by sustained light effects. His engravings are almost invariably taken from his own drawings, notably his series of etchings entitled ...

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 22 March 1795, in 's-Gravenhage; died 17 June 1854, in 's-Gravenhage.

Lithographer, draughtsman.

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 March 1857, in Antwerp; died 6 November 1905, in Antwerp.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (etching). History painting, portraits, genre scenes.

Léon Eugène Auguste Abry was the son of a general, a fact that paved the way for his career as a painter of historical and military scenes. He took part in the main Belgian exhibitions from the age of 20, before going on to become a member of the Société des Aquarellistes Belges in 1886 and to be awarded the Ordre de Léopold. His works were shown in Paris in 1888 and 1895, Vienna in 1888, Berlin in 1886 and 1896, Dresden in 1887, and Munich in 1901. His best-known paintings include: ...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born during the first half of the 19th century, in Castrapol.

Painter, lithographer.

After completing his studies at the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid, Acevedo became known as a genre painter and illustrator. He was responsible for some of the drawings for ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 17 April 1807, in Voreppe; died 20 October 1884, in Grenoble.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

Proveysieux School.

A self-taught artist, Achard painted directly from nature. He first exhibited at the Salon de Paris in 1839. His View of Cairo was painted in a rather detached and precious style, but sound advice from Corot and Français later helped him convey his sensitive rendering of nature more subtly and yet with considerably more expression. Some of Achard's landscape work, notably his ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer. Portraits.

This artist was employed by the court of the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg from 1829 to 1841 to make lithographs of the duchy's important people and artists.

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1859, in Stockholm; died 1924.

Painter, engraver, decorative designer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Johan Axel Gustav Acke worked at the academy of art in Stockholm from 1876 to 1881 before going to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and travelling in Italy, Holland, Belgium and Finland, where he stayed for a considerable time....

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1780, in Rome; died 1847, in Rome.

Draughtsman, engraver (line-engraving). Urban landscapes, architectural views, ruins.

Under the name of Acquaroni it is possible to find an Antonio, a Giuseppe and a Giovanni, who are probably all one and the same artist....

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

S. Acton lived in London between 1791 and 1802 and exhibited at the Royal Academy.

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1786, in Nordling (Bavaria); died 28 August 1862, in Munich.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Military subjects, portraits, landscapes, animals.

Albrecht Adam was one of Germany's military painters. In 1809, at the age of 23, he followed the French and Bavarian armies against Austria. Three years later, he was appointed to the court of Bavaria....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 15 July 1812, in Munich; died 9 March 1892, in Kelheim.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer. Animals.

The elder son and pupil of Albrecht Adam, Benno established himself as a noted German painter of animals while still very young. He began by doing lithographs and studies of animals....