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Article

Jan Jaap Heij

(b The Hague, Aug 18, 1871; d Amsterdam, Oct 19, 1934).

Dutch printmaker and painter. He trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, where he subsequently taught graphic art (1893–1911). In 1911 he succeeded Pieter Dupont as professor in graphics at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the directorship of Antoon Derkinderen. In the early years of his career Aarts produced some paintings using the pointillist technique, mostly landscapes (The Hague, Gemeentemus.); he also carved some sculptures in wood. He is, however, best known for his graphic work. In technique and subject-matter, his prints have a great deal in common with those of Dupont. As the latter’s successor he devoted himself to the revival of engraving, which his predecessor had reintroduced; his own experiments in this medium (in particular his scenes with diggers and beggars, all c. 1900) are considered milestones in early 20th-century Dutch printmaking. He also applied his skills to etching, lithography, woodcutting and wood-engraving; of the latter his ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver, illustrator.

Aliprandi was a line and stipple engraver and illustrator who engraved a number of Fragonard subjects, together with scenes of the Revolution (in the manner of Le Barbier) and several portraits of Louis XVIII (after A. du Morrona). He also illustrated the Venice Almanach of ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Activec.1880.

Engraver, illustrator.

A wood engraver, Anderson worked as an illustrator for several American newspapers.

Article

Mark Jones

(b Bordeaux, Nov 4, 1761; d Paris, Dec 10, 1822).

French medallist, engraver and illustrator. He was first apprenticed to the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) and then attended the Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture in Bordeaux. In 1786 he travelled to Paris and entered the workshop of Nicolas-Marie Gatteaux. His first great success was a large, realistic and highly detailed medal representing the Fall of the Bastille (1789); because it would have been difficult and risky to strike, he produced it in the form of single-sided lead impressions or clichés, coloured to resemble bronze. The following year he used this novel technique again, to produce an equally successful companion piece illustrating the Arrival of Louis XVI in Paris. Andrieu lay low during the latter part of the French Revolution, engraving vignettes and illustrating an edition of Virgil by Firmin Didot (1764–1836). He reappeared in 1800, with medals of the Passage of the Great St Bernard...

Article

R. W. A. Bionda

[Flor; Pieter Florentius Nicolaas Jacobus]

(b Surabaya, Java, June 9, 1864; d The Hague, June 9, 1925).

Dutch painter, illustrator and printmaker. He moved to the Netherlands c. 1875, and was taught first by Johan Hendrik Frederik Conrad Nachtweh (1857–1941). He attended the Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1883 to 1888, studying under August Allebé and Barend Wijnveld (1820–1902). He then spent a year studying life drawing at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp under Charles Verlat before returning to Amsterdam, where he initially applied himself to painting landscapes in the countryside around The Hague and in Nunspeet in Gelderland in the style of the Hague school.

Arntzenius settled in The Hague in 1892. He was particularly active as a painter of Impressionist townscapes in both oil and watercolour from c. 1890 to 1910. His crowded street scenes with their misty, rainy atmosphere, such as The Spuistraat (The Hague, Gemeentemus.), were particularly successful and despite their greater emphasis on intimacy and tonality are reminiscent of the work of George Hendrik Breitner and Isaac Israëls. Arntzenius may have collaborated with ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Olten, during the 19th century.

Lithographer.

Brother of Joseph and Urs Arx and co-founder of a lithographic firm established in Olten, Switzerland in 1841.

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Olten.

Lithographer.

Brother of Franz and Urs, and one of the co-founders of a lithographic firm established in Olten, Switzerland, in 1841.

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Olten, during the 19th century.

Lithographer.

Brother of Joseph and Franz Arx, and co-founder of a lithographic firm established in 1841 in Olten, Switzerland.

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1821 to 1833.

Born in England.

Engraver (etching/burin/stippling).

Remembered as the illustrator of the Complete Works of Béranger (Paris, 1834).

Article

Phillip Dennis Cate

[Georges] (Hulot)

(b Beauvais, April 26, 1863; d Paris, Feb 6, 1938).

French illustrator, typographical designer, writer and printmaker . He went to Paris in 1883 to pursue a literary career. His first humorous essays were published that year in the Chat Noir journal. He was introduced to the many avant-garde artists and writers who frequented the Chat Noir cabaret in Montmartre and contributed to the journal. Of these Henri Rivière and Eugène Grasset were especially important to his artistic development, Rivière coaching Auriol in drawing while Grasset introduced him to typographical design. Auriol’s close association with Rivière culminated in the latter’s album of lithographs, Les Trente-six Vues de la Tour Eiffel (1902; for illustration see Japonisme), for which Auriol designed the decorative cover, end-papers and typography.

Auriol served as writer, illustrator and editor of the Chat Noir for ten years (1883–93). He produced book covers for the Chat-Noir Guide (1888) and the two-volume Les Contes du Chat Noir...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Portrait artist, lithographer.

Badillo published an important collection of lithographic portraits from 1872 to 1873, and also contributed those in the review Illustration. Among his most noteworthy painted portraits were those of King Alfonso II, Queen Mercedes and Antonio Alcala Galiano...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1840, in Dresden; died 18 October 1892.

Painter, lithographer.

Created lithographs of fruit and flowers for the American market. In 1873, he sold his lithographic studio and settled in Munich to devote himself to painting. A literary man, he also achieved some success as an author....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Paris; died 1931, in Paris.

Painter, poster artist, lithographer, humorist artist.

Barrère showed work at the Salon des Humoristes in 1929. He studied law and medicine before beginning his career as an illustrator, working first for some of the humorous publications popular at the time. His first opportunity came from the magazine ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 November 1867, in Liège; died 1947, in Liège.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist.

A student of his father at the academy in Liège, Berchmans decorated the ceilings of the theatres in Liège and Verviers, as well as the cupola of the church of St Michel in Aachen. He illustrated an edition of Lucien's ...

Article

(b Salzburg, May 1, 1753; d Prague, June 25, 1829).

Austrian painter, printmaker, draughtsman, illustrator and teacher, active in Bohemia. He was taught by his father, the sculptor and painter Josef Bergler the elder (1718–88), and, during his stay in Italy, by Martin Knoller in Milan and Anton von Maron in Rome. An accomplished portrait painter, he was employed as official painter by bishops and cardinals at Passau and painted a number of altarpieces in Austria and especially in Bohemia. He helped establish the Academy of Fine Arts, Prague (1800), which placed a new emphasis on draughtsmanship, composition and Classical subjects and models. As the first Director of the Academy, Bergler won new academic prestige for art in Bohemia and, for himself, a privileged position in obtaining commissions such as the Curtain at the Estates Theatre (sketches, 1803–4; Prague, N.G., Convent of St Agnes). He also published albums of engravings intended as models (Compositions and Sketches...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born c. 1872; died c. 1909.

Lithographer, poster artist.

Paul Berthon produced large-scale coloured prints in a highly stylised manner reminiscent of Eugène Grasset, featuring female figures in an elegant, mannered floral setting. He contributed to the review L'Image along with Feure, Fernand Khnopff and Aman-Jean, and became well-known for his printed murals....

Article

Berti  

French, 19th century, male.

Draughtsman, lithographer, poster artist.

Produced poster designs in 1861 and 1863.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Japan.

Born 1860, in Paris; died 1927.

Painter, engraver (etching), illustrator, poster artist.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

At a very young age, Georges Ferdinand Bigot trained under Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904) and Carolus-Durand (1837-1917) at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He learnt etching with Félix Buhot and collaborated on the journal ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 February 1874, in Paris; died 16 December 1907, in Villejuif.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Portraits, genre scenes, sporting subjects.

Georges Bottini was the son of a Parisian hairdresser. He trained in Cormon's studio, and at the same time was employed by Gardi, restoring paintings, which gave him the opportunity to study the techniques of the Old Masters. He suffered with mental illness from a very young age and died in an asylum in Villejuif when he was 31. He also designed posters and produced illustrations to advertise sporting events. His numerous illustrations for Jean Lorrain's book ...