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Portuguese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1767, in Oporto.

Engraver (line-engraving). Portraits, natural history, costume studies.

After completing his studies at the academy in Oporto in 1793, Aguilar moved to London to perfect his skills in the studio of Thomas Milton, an engraver of landscapes. On his return to Portugal in ...


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863, in Abstatt bei Heilbronn; died 1919, in Schwäbischgmünd.

Engraver. Jewellery.


Hermann Bauer learned engraving with Peter Bruckmann in Heilbronn. He started his own jewellery company, Bauer & Jäger, in 1862.

Hase, Ulrike von: Schmuck in Deutschland und Österrreich. Symbolismus, Jugendstil, Neohistorismus...


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 17 May 1754, in Lyons; died 24 October 1843, in Lyons.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, miniaturist. Portraits, still-lifes (flowers/fruit), costume studies. Designs for fabrics.

Berjon was the son of a butcher and grew up in the Vaise suburb of Lyons. He initially worked with his father; then, it is thought, he gave this up to study medicine, before learning to draw with the sculptor Perrache in Lyons. Eventually he became a designer at a silk manufacturer in Lyons, and began to paint. He often travelled to Paris on business, where he got to know several painters and became friends with the portrait artist Augustin. As a result of the destruction of the silk factory during the siege of Lyons, Berjon moved to Paris, where he lived in abject poverty for many years. He eventually returned to Lyons and went to work for an embroidery manufacturer and, in ...


Edna Carter Southard

(Alfred )

(b Paris, Feb 1, 1874; d Villejuif, nr Paris, Dec 16, 1907).

French painter and printmaker. The son of an Italian hairdresser who sold antiques, Bottini always lived in the Montmartre area of Paris except for two years of military service from 1895. He favoured the English fashions, bars, and language (as in the titles of his pictures and the spelling of his first name). Apprenticed with Annibale Gatti (1828–1909) from 1889 to 1891, he studied at Fernand Cormon’s studio and first showed at Edouard Kleinmann’s gallery in 1894. From 1897 he showed large oil paintings at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. He collaborated on woodcuts with Harry van der Zee from 1896 in compositions influenced by Japanese prints, for example Arrival at the Masked Ball (1897; Paris, Bib. N., Cab. Est.). His woodcuts, lithographs, and etchings sold quickly after publication by Edmond D. Sagot. Bottini illustrated for Le Rire in 1897, made several posters, and from ...


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 March 1866, in Flensburg; died 5 January 1945, in Wiesbaden.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, decorative motifs. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/posters/jewellery/book-binding).


Die Sieben (Group of Seven)...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 March 1808, in Paris; died 20 October 1892, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, lithographer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, architectural views, costume studies.

Jules David studied under Duval-Lecamus and featured in the Paris Salon from 1834 to 1885....


French, 18 – 19th century, male.

Born 26 April 1798, in Charenton-St-Maurice, France; died 13 August 1863, in Paris, France.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Historical and religious subjects, figure compositions, battles, hunting scenes, local scenes, figures, costume studies, landscapes, animals, horses, flowers. Murals.

Orientalism, Romanticism.

Eugène Delacroix’s father, Charles Delacroix, was successively deputy minister of foreign affairs in The Hague and prefect of Marseilles and Bordeaux under the Directory, the First Republic, and the First Empire under the Republic. He died when Delacroix was only seven years old, leaving his family with next to no financial support. Delacroix then lost his mother when he was age 16. In 1814, he attempted an etching, of which only a single impression remains, on the bottom of a saucepan depicting a hunchback, a profile of Napoléon Bonaparte, and an officer on horseback. That year he also made an engraving on the copper plate formerly used to print the letterhead of his father when he was prefect of Marseilles. By 1815 Delacroix had already begun to copy engravings, a habit that would continue for many years. He studied in Paris at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school but wrote to a friend in 1815 that he wished to leave school and develop his talent as an amateur painter. His initial inclination had been to study music, but by 1816, he had made his choice, partly motivated by admiration for Goya’s painting, ...


German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...


Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 8 September 1874, in Vienna.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (wood), director. Figures, local figures, costume studies. Stage sets.

Leonhard Fanto studied at the academy of fine arts in Vienna and the Académie Julian in Paris. He also spent a period in Rome. Having worked in Vienna, he was called to the theatre in Dresden, where he acquired a strong reputation for his stage sets. In ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1773, in Caen; died after 1824.

Engraver (burin), illustrator, reproductions engraver. Genre scenes, costume studies.

George Gatine belongs to the category of minor artists whose efforts focused on the role of the 'painter of manners' and the absurdities of their era. Gatine drew or engraved costumes and genre scenes. He was one of the iconographers of the dandies and the whims of fashion. He is interesting from a documentary viewpoint and his works are highly sought after....


Spanish, 19th century, male.

Active in Madrid.

Engraver, medallist. Costumes. Medals.

Francisco González de Miranda studied at the academy in Madrid which has a medal by him dated 1823, created to commemorate Ferdinand VII's journey from Cádiz to Puerto de Santa Maria. His work as an engraver included an alphabet primer he published for children showing 27 different costumes....


(b Epineuil, nr Tonnerre, Yonne, Jan 1827; d Saint-Mandé, Seine, May 5, 1892).

French printmaker and costume designer. After leaving school he became an apprentice draughtsman for the Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée railway company. While thus employed he also made his début as a caricaturist in the journal Gaulois, to which he contributed from 1858. In 1859 he had the first of many works published in the Journal amusant; his At the Opéra Ball (1860; Paris, Bib. N.) was for this publication. In 1860 he left the railway company and started to contribute to the Petit journal pour rire as well. He began working for Le Charivari in 1869, the year in which he co-founded, with Adrien Huart, the Almanach des Parisiennes, which published albums of prints for the next 19 years. It was about this time, when he began to concentrate on the manners and language of Parisian society, that Grévin established his mature style. Many of his designs, which were always accompanied by humorous captions, were inspired by the women of the demi-monde. Unlike many caricaturists of his age he avoided political topics....


Phylis Floyd

French term used to describe a range of European borrowings from Japanese art. It was coined in 1872 by the French critic, collector and printmaker Philippe Burty ‘to designate a new field of study—artistic, historic and ethnographic’, encompassing decorative objects with Japanese designs (similar to 18th-century Chinoiserie), paintings of scenes set in Japan, and Western paintings, prints and decorative arts influenced by Japanese aesthetics. Scholars in the 20th century have distinguished japonaiserie, the depiction of Japanese subjects or objects in a Western style, from Japonisme, the more profound influence of Japanese aesthetics on Western art.

There has been wide debate over who was the first artist in the West to discover Japanese art and over the date of this discovery. According to Bénédite, Félix Bracquemond first came under the influence of Japanese art after seeing the first volume of Katsushika Hokusai’s Hokusai manga (‘Hokusai’s ten thousand sketches’, 1814) at the printshop of ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 1812, in Nancy; died 1884, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Genre scenes, portraits, animals, costume studies.

François Lalaisse studied under Nicolas Charlet and took part in the Paris Salon between 1845 and 1874. He became an art teacher at the École Polytechnique. He mainly drew and painted horses, dogs, costumes and small scenes with several people. As a lithographer he is most noted for 188 pieces for ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 January 1800, in Paris; died 19 December 1890, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, decorative designer, illustrator. History painting, battles, portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes (hunting with hounds), costume studies.

Eugène Lami studied under Gros, Horace Vernet, and at the École des Beaux-Arts. He exhibited at the Salon from 1824 until 1878. He was awarded a second-class medal in 1875, became a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1837 and was made an officer in 1862. His early work was as a lithographer. He is considered to have possessed the acuity of Raffet, with less force of expression but more elegance....


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 November 1853, in Paris; died 7 October 1940, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, stage set designer. Historical subjects, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, costume studies. Fans.

Maurice Leloir was the son of Jean-Baptiste Auguste Leloir and the watercolourist Héloïse Colin, and the brother of Alexandre Louis Leloir. He was taught by his grandfather, Alexandre Colin, his parents and his elder brother....


Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 November 1865, in Schaerbeek (Brussels); died 15 July 1916, in Ukkel.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, engraver, designer, lithographer, illustrator, poster artist, potter. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, seascapes, boats, animals...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active from 1760 to 1820.

Engravers (aquatint), print dealers. Historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes, costume studies.

Little is known about these two engravers, Charles François Gabriel Levachez father and son, who worked in aquatint and colour, and whose works are difficult to distinguish. Printers of line-engravings and print dealers, they were astute merchants, in tune with the tastes of their time, and skilled in choosing what subjects to offer to the public. Their works still command very high prices and the following deserve particular mention: ...


[Oury, Jules]

(b Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, May 12, 1872; d Montricoux, Tarn-et-Garonne, Sept 7, 1931).

French painter, printmaker and poet. He was the son of a jeweller and at an early age learnt how to produce lithographs and etchings. He quickly established a reputation as a creator of illuminated Symbolist works such as the gouache The Monster (1897; Paris, Flamand-Charbonnier priv. col.; see 1972 exh. cat., p. 64). This was executed in an Art Nouveau style and depicted the common Symbolist theme of woman as the destructive temptress of man. Four works, including this, were shown at the sixth Salon de la Rose + Croix at the Galerie Georges Petit in Paris (1897), and he had similar works published in periodicals such as L’Estampe moderne, L’Aube and Le Courrier français.

Marcel-Lenoir’s first paintings were produced with a palette knife or by using paint straight from the tube, as in A Review in the Cours Foucault in Montauban (1907; Toulouse, Mus. Augustins). He produced other townscapes also, such as ...