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Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1840, in Edmonton, Surrey; died 20 June 1906, in Ewhurst Hill, near Guildford.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

John Clayton Adams exhibited landscapes at Royal Academy exhibitions in London from 1863. He was a member of the New Watercolour Society and the Society of British Artists. He painted landscapes in the South of England....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 19 April 1807, in Paris; died 17 April 1869.

Painter (including porcelain), engraver. Landscapes.

A pupil of Jolivard and Watelet, Jules André was the first painter to be employed by the Sèvres porcelain factory and also contributed decorative panels for the Louvre and the Hôtel Alba. He was awarded a silver medal in 1835. He drew inspiration from travels in Belgium, southern France and the Rhineland. His approach lay somewhere between the Classicism of Poussin and Romanticism, to the extent that his compositional rigour is typically offset by an apparent spontaneity. He was also an engraver, notably of ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1821, in Montreuil-sur-Mer; died after 1901.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Landscapes.

Initially a porcelain painter like Diaz and Troyon, the 20-year-old Alexandre de Bar came to the attention of Alexis de Fontenay who took him under his wing. By the following year, he had given up ceramics to devote himself exclusively to painting. He exhibited regularly from 1845 to 1870, chiefly landscapes. In 1856, he travelled to Egypt to document an expedition to chart the source of the Nile and remained there for a full year. De Bar occupies a major position among the illustrators of the Second Empire and was a major contributor to leading publications such as ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1842; died after 1913.

Painter, engraver (etching). Figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

Edgar Barclay studied in Dresden with Schnorr in around 1861. Towards the end of the 1860s he divided his time between Italy and London. In Rome, he struck up a friendship with Giovanni Costa between ...

Article

Danish, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1829; died 1908.

Painter, engraver (etching).

Bartsch studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. He later went into porcelain manufacturing. He is known for some of his landscape etchings, which were published by the Danish art association in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1809, in Bradford (Yorkshire); died 9 November 1851, in Sydenham.

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes.

Joseph Clayton Bentley engraved numerous English masters' works such as the three pieces by A.W. Calcott for the Vernon Collection: Wooden Bridge, The Road into Pisa from Leghorn [Livorno]...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born2 April 1870, in Saratov; died 26 October 1905, in Tarusa.

Painter, engraver, ceramic designer. Painting, portraits, landscapes. Impressionism/Post-impressionism, Symbolism.

Saratov Society of Lovers of the Fine Arts, Moscow Association of Artists, Union of Russian Artists.

Viktor Borisov-Musatov began his artistic training in the 1890s at the Saratov Society of Lovers of the Fine Arts. He then spent time in both Moscow and St Petersburg, first at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1833, in Paris; died 29 October 1914, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver. Figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes. Designs for ceramics.

Japonisme.

There was little in the early years of Félix Henri Bracquemond's life to suggest that he would become an artist. He was brought up at a stables and for a time thought of becoming a riding master. Around 1848 he was apprenticed to a lithographic company where his duties consisted of running errands. But his passion for art was already beginning to emerge and he began to take drawing classes in the evenings. One day a painter who shared the premises, Guichard, a pupil of Ingres, questioned him about his interest in art and asked him to produce some drawings. These were enough to convince him of the boy's talent and he persuaded Bracquemond's parents to allow him to leave the workshop and took him on as his pupil....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1st December 1840, in Argenton (Finistère); died 1916, in Sèvres.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, ceramicist. Portraits, landscapes, flowers.

Marie Bracquemond spent her childhood in Étampes where she studied drawing with an artist named Wassor. At the age of 16 she sent two drawings to the Salon de Paris and was recommended to Ingres who accepted her as his pupil. It was during her time with Ingres that she met Félix Bracquemond, going on to marry him in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter, engraver (burin). Allegorical subjects, genre scenes.

Active in Paris around 1780, he was still living in the city in 1815. His works include The Coppersmith, after G.-M. Kraus, the Pottery-Mender, after G.-M. Kraus, Woman Pressing her Breast, and an ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 May 1827, in Valenciennes; died 11 October 1875, in Courbevoie (Hauts-de-Seine).

Sculptor (including bronze/marble/clay), engraver, painter, draughtsman. Allegorical subjects, figures, portraits. Groups, busts, low reliefs.

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux’ stonemason father enrolled him in an architecture course taught in Valenciennes by Jean-Baptiste Bernard. Carpeaux proved initially an inept pupil whose comparative lack of formal education his fellow pupils found awkward and, at times, even bizarre. The young man felt out of place and persecuted; it was a feeling that would persist throughout his life. Victor Liet, who was a pupil of the sculptor Henri Lemaire and on the point of marrying Carpeaux’ first cousin, was perhaps the first to detect the young man’s nascent genius. He took him under his wing and instructed him in the rudiments of sculpture; Carpeaux repaid Liet by sculpting a bust of him – Carpeaux’ first-ever bust (done from memory, as it happened, since Victor Liet was fated to die of consumption in 1847 at the age of 35)....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1841, in Samer (Pas-de-Calais); died 1901, in Le Lavandou (Var).

Painter, ceramicist, engraver, draughtsman. History painting, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals.

Cazin studied initially at the college for the decorative arts, then worked under Lecoq de Boisbaudran. He was appointed to a professorship at the college of architecture in 1866 and, two years later, was named principal of the École des Beaux-Arts in Tours and curator of the municipal museum there. In 1871, he travelled to England, where he spent the majority of his time working in the Victoria and Albert Museum. During that same year, he also travelled to Italy and Holland. Cazin returned to France at the beginning of 1875 and settled in Paris. In 1898, he was entrusted with completing work on the Panthéon left unfinished by Puvis de Chavannes. However, Cazin was already seriously ill by this stage, and barely survived long enough to complete the task....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1869, in Paris; died 1 February 1917, in Dunkirk, on active service.

Sculptor, medallist, engraver, potter.

Jean-Marie Cazin was the son and pupil of Jean Charles Cazin and the husband of Marie Berthe Yvart. He engraved medals, including ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1795; died 1844, in Paris.

Engraver.

Ignace Joseph de Claussin's works include Bulls and Cows; Old Amateurs, after P.-A. Wille; Studies of Animals, after Berghem, Paul Potter and Karel Dujardin; Northcote James Esq., after Prince Hoare; and studies after Rembrandt, Bol, Berchem, van Eckhout, Boissieu and other masters....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Engraver.

Henry Clay engraved a caricature in Philadelphia in 1829.

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1795, in London; died 1855.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Historical subjects, figures, architectural views.

Alfred Clayton was an architect as well as an artist and author of many engravings.

London, 10 July 1984: Figures in a Temple (watercolour pencil and pen heightened with white...

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 21 October 1810, in Utrecht; died 17 July 1895, in Utrecht.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Hunting scenes, landscapes, animals.

Gysbertus Craeyvanger worked after Potter, Wouverman and Du Jardin. He painted hunts and horses.

Amsterdam, 5-6 Nov 1991: Harnessing a Horse (...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1840; died 1894.

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator. Military subjects, local scenes, landscapes. Designs for ceramics.

Theo Davis won recognition for his illustrations depicting scenes of the American Civil War, which he witnessed in the field for Harper's magazine. He was apparently wounded on two occasions. After the war he travelled several times into the American West and thus became one of the first artists to bring back drawings of members of the Sioux nation. He accompanied General Custer's expedition in ...