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German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active in Augsburg in 1570.

Born c. 1547, in Colmar; died 1617, in Augsburg.

Enameller, goldsmith.


Fabian Stein

German family of goldsmiths, furniture-makers and engravers. Lorenz Biller (i) (fl c. 1664–85) achieved prominence with works for Emperor Leopold I, for whom he made a centrepiece with a knight on a horse (1680–84; Moscow, Kremlin, Armoury) that was sent to Moscow as an ambassadorial gift. Lorenz Biller (i)’s sons, ...


Clare Le Corbeiller

French family of silversmiths. René Cousinet (c.1626–92) was made a master in 1652 or 1654. An Orfèvre du Roi, he received payment between 1666 and 1684 for silver furniture (destr. 1689) made for Louis XIV, including mirror-frames, large repoussé chargers, containers for orange trees and chandeliers....


Bet McLeod

French cabinetmaker, bronzeworker and carver of Italian birth. He may have trained in Rome and was summoned to France c. 1660, probably by Cardinal Mazarin, to work at the Gobelins. In 1664 he became a naturalized French citizen. He was granted lodgings at the Gobelins, where he was the head of the workshop that produced opulent, Italianate display cabinets of superb workmanship (...


German, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 17 May 1666, in Biberach; died 24 December 1720, in Dresden.

Miniaturist, enameller, goldsmith. Portraits.

This artist worked at the court in Dresden.

Berlin: Portrait of a Woman (miniature)


Swiss, 16th – 17th century, male.

Baptised 21 January 1572; died 12 October 1633.

Enameller, goldsmith. Portraits.


Swiss, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born c. 1537, in La Grave; died 20 September 1611, in Geneva.

Enameller, engraver, goldsmith.


Alison Luchs

Italian sculptor, stuccoist and architect. After training in Florence as a goldsmith, he studied with the painter Felice Ficherelli. In 1671 he went to Rome, having been chosen for the Tuscan Accademia Granducale. He studied sculpture under Ercole Ferrata and Ciro Ferri, showing a predilection for modelling rather than the marble carving expected by his patron, ...


Maria Helena Mendes Pinto

Portuguese cabinetmaker and metalworker. The most outstanding characteristic of his documented works—all commissioned by religious institutions—is his use of pau preto (Brazilian rose-wood), either solid or thickly veneered on to chestnut, worked em espinhado (in a herring-bone pattern) decorated with parallel grooves, mouldings and, more rarely, with ...


Donatella Germanó Siracusa

Italian sculptor, stuccoist and medallist. He worked in southern central Italy, where he is documented as both Pietro Papaleo and Francesco Papaleo, and then in Rome, where his presence is well documented from 1694, when he was elected a member of the Accademia di S Luca, until ...


French, 17th century, male.

Born 12 July 1607, in Geneva, to French parents; died 3 April 1691, in Vevey.

Miniaturist, enameller, draughtsman.

Jean Petitot was the son of Faule Petitot the Burgundian. He served as an apprentice jeweller and goldsmith with Pierre Bordier, acquiring a taste for painting on enamel. Persuading his master and friend to spend some time travelling about France, the two men went to Limoges and then to London. Charles I commissioned the enamellers to made a number of portraits, giving them a workshop in Whitehall and also making Jean Petitot a knight....


German, 17th century, male.

Born 1603, in Flachslanden; died 1663, in Durlach.

Engraver, sculptor, engineer, medallist.

Georg Pfründt completed his artistic education in Lyons in 1642 and continued his training under Jean Warin in Paris between 1644 and 1646. Thereafter he was active in the courts in southern Germany and Salzburg. His output consisted of terracottas and medals. He was also engineer to the Duke of Weimar, and carried out engravings of geographical and architectural subjects....


Gordon Campbell

German family of goldsmiths , based in Nuremberg. The founder of the family was Christoph Ritter the elder (d 1572), whose best-known surviving work is a salt-cellar topped with an enamelled Crucifixion group (London, priv. col.), which he made in 1551 for the Nuremberg City Treasury. His son Christoph Ritter the younger (...


French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1578, in Châteaudun; died 14 June 1644, in Paris.

Miniaturist, enameller, engraver (etching).

Jean Toutin I worked for goldsmiths and was one of the first artists to paint miniatures on enamel.


Jürgen Zimmer

German designer and cabinetmaker. He was the son of the gunsmith Hans Unteutsch. After nine years as a journeyman, in 1628 he settled in Frankfurt am Main, where he became a master and cabinetmaker to the city in 1631. He also passed a gunsmith’s examination. Between ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1655, in Naples; died 10 August 1706, in Torre del Greco (Naples).

Sculptor, stucco artist, decorative designer, goldsmith. Religious subjects, portraits. Decorative schemes.

Lorenzo Vaccaro was the father of Domenico Antonio Vaccaro, and a precursor of the Neapolitan Baroque, or ...


M. Hamilton-Phillips and R. P. Maccubbin

Term applied primarily to decorative arts produced in The Netherlands and England during the reign (1689–1702) of William III and Mary II ( see Orange Nassau, House of family, §5 ) and that spread also to North America at the end of the century. It covers a vocabulary of visual forms rather than a movement, and is represented by richly ornamented furniture, displays of wares from the Far East, embossed and engraved silver, ceramics, luxurious textiles, architectural ornament and garden design. The decorative arts of the 1690s reflect the blending of French, Dutch and English ornamental styles as well as an increased taste for exotica. Although at war with France, ...