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Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 19th century.

Draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features, engraver (etching), print publisher.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1772, in Nantes; died 1817, in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver (etching/burin), print publisher.

Alexis Chataigner, a pupil of François-Marie Queverdo, was one of the most prolific engravers of the Revolution and the Empire.

Paris, 14 Dec 1935: The Husband's Departure...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Versailles.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1793, in Zurich; died 1884, in Zurich.

Draughtsman, engraver, print publisher.

Son of the editor Johann-Rudolf Dickenmann, this artist succeeded his father as studio director and supplied a number of aquatint plates for a series of views and panoramas of Switzerland. Several plates were painted in watercolours by his sister, Anna Dickenmann....

Article

Michel Melot

[Hippolyte-Guillaume-Sulpice Chevalier]

(b Paris, Jan 13, 1804; d Paris, Nov 24, 1866).

French lithographer and painter. He was one of the most highly esteemed artists of the 19th century. Like Daumier, with whom he is often compared, he produced around 4000 lithographs for satirical journals and fashion magazines, but while Daumier concentrated on giving a panoramic view of public life, it was said of Gavarni that his work constituted the ‘memoirs of the private life of the 19th century’. He specialized in genre scenes, in which the protagonists are usually young women, treating them as little dramatic episodes drawn from the light-hearted life of bohemia, dear to the Romantics.

Gavarni was initiated into the art of precision drawing while still very young, being apprenticed to an architect and then to a firm making optical instruments. He was also a pupil at the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers. His first lithograph appeared when he was 20: a miscellany that accorded well with the taste of the time. His second work, the album ...

Article

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1850, in Môtiers; died 1908, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, print publisher. Landscapes.

Edouard Guillaume's Evening on the Mountain is in the museum in Neuchâtel.

Article

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1797, in Paris; died 25 February 1870, in Paris.

Draughtsman, lithographer, engraver, print publisher. Landscapes, genre scenes.

Augustin Lemaitre studied under Michallon and Fortier. He exhibited at the Salon from 1832 to 1855, and in 1834 he won a second-class medal. He made engravings of landscapes and genre scenes....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born in Bordeaux.

Painter, lithographer, print publisher. Genre scenes.

Pierre Monvoisin moved to Paris from his native Bordeaux, and settled in the Passage Delorme. He was active by 1824, exhibiting lithographs at the Paris Salon in 1831, 1833 and 1836. His identity may possibly be confused with that of Raymond August Quinsac, or Pierre Raymond Jacques Monvoisin....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Born 1785; died 1836.

Lithographer, draughtsman, engraver (etching), print publisher.

Charles Motte exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1827 and 1831.

Article

Gode Krämer and Roberto Pontual

German family of painters, draughtsmen, and engravers. (1) Georg Philipp Rugendas I, an esteemed painter and graphic artist in Augsburg, established a print publishing house there in 1735. His sons Georg Philipp Rugendas II (1701–74), Christian Rugendas (1708–81), and Jeremias Gottlob Rugendas (1710–72) helped with this business, as did their descendants, including Georg Philipp II’s grandson, the engraver Johann Lorenz Rugendas II (1775–1826). (2) Johann Moritz Rugendas, the son of Johann Lorenz II, was noted particularly for his drawings and paintings of Brazil and other Latin American countries.

(b Augsburg, Nov 27, 1666; d Augsburg, May 9, 1742).

His father, a watchmaker, trained him in copper engraving, but after a fistula on his right hand forced him to abandon this he was apprenticed (...

Article

Lija Skalska-Miecik

(b Bohdanów, nr Vilna [now Vilnius, Lithuania], Dec 10, 1870; d Bohdanów, Oct 30, 1936).

Polish painter, printmaker and stage designer. In 1890–92 he studied law at the University of St Petersburg, but from the autumn of 1892 dedicated all his time to painting classes at the Academy of Fine Arts. He was a student of the Russian landscape painters Ivan Shishkin and Arkhip Kuindzhi. During his studies Ruszczyc went twice to the Crimea (1894 and 1895) to paint seascapes. In 1896 and 1897 he went to the Baltic islands of Rügen and Bornholm and to the southern coast of Sweden to paint studies of northern landscape. He also went several times to Berlin, where he first saw works by German Symbolist painters. The influence of Arnold Böcklin may be detected in works on fantastical themes, while Spring (1897; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.) recalls Kuindzhi’s luminism and the lyrical Russian landscape tradition. After graduation Ruszczyc made an extensive tour of western Europe, thus substantially enlarging his knowledge of contemporary European art. At the end of his journey (...

Article

Cheryl Leibold

American family of Philadelphia printmakers, printers, painters, and educators. John Sartain and his children, Emily and William, played an important role in the art world of Philadelphia for over a century. Their influence on American art lies primarily in the impact of their work example and leadership on others, and somewhat less from the value placed on their own artistic output. The patriarch, John Sartain (b London, 24 Oct 1808; d Philadelphia, PA, 25 Oct 1897), arrived in Philadelphia at the age of 22. By 1850 he was the city’s premier engraver of illustrations for a wide range of publications. His brilliant mezzotint engravings, often reproducing the work of others, brought graphic art into the homes of all classes. Reproductive engravings, either framed or in books, were widely popular before the advent of photography. Many writers promulgated the display of such prints as a means to refine and enlighten society. Sartain’s most successful endeavours in this field were his large and elaborate framing prints, commissioned by painters, collectors, and publishers to disseminate important works. The finest of these is ...

Article

Geoffrey Ashton

(b Derby, 1752; d Doncaster, March 2, 1812).

English printmaker, publisher and painter. The youngest son of the landscape artist Thomas Smith of Derby (d Bristol, 12 Sept 1767), he was apprenticed to a linen draper at the age of ten and around 1767 became a linen draper’s assistant in London. He seems to have taught himself to paint miniatures and produced his first mezzotint in 1769, from Henry Benbridge’s portrait of General Pascal Paoli (San Francisco, CA Pal. Legion of Honor). Smith married and opened a draper’s shop in Exeter Exchange; about 1773 he began to engrave professionally and sold prints from the same shop.

Smith exhibited mezzotints at the Society of Artists from 1773 to 1777, most of which were copied from paintings by Royal Academicians. He was one of the most refined mezzotint engravers of the late 18th century; many of his plates, such as the Gower Family (1781) after George Romney or ...

Article

Russian, 19th century, male.

Active in France from 1844 to 1849, and in Germany from 1867 to 1895.

Born 9 June 1820, in Sorgenfrei (near Riga); died 7 April 1895, in Berlin.

Painter, illustrator, lithographer, publisher. Battle scenes, genre scenes.

Son of a burgomaster of Riga, Vasilii Timm was interested in drawing from an early age, and in ...

Article

Russian, 19th century, male.

Died 1847, in Moscow.

Draughtsman, lithographer, publisher.

Kornili Tromonin engraved city views.

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1798, in Mühlhausen near Neumarkt; died 31 January 1868, in Nuremberg.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, painter, engraver (burin/steel/etching), print publisher. Urban landscapes.

Johann Philipp Walther made copies of views of Nuremburg after the old masters. A number of prints by this artist are to be found in the town's museums....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Active in London c. 1850.

Draughtsman, lithographer, publisher. Portraits.