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Article

Jeanne-Marie Horat-Weber

(b Winterthur, Nov 14, 1723; d Berne, Oct 17, 1786).

Swiss painter, draughtsman and engraver. In 1741 he moved to Berne, where he took drawing lessons with Johann Grimm (1675–1747), whose school of drawing he took over in 1747. He visited the Bernese Oberland with Emanuel Handmann, Christian Georg Schütz (1718–91) and Friedrich Wilhelm Hirt (1721–72) in 1759 and in the same year travelled to Paris with Adrian Zingg (1734–86). This was his only trip abroad, but it determined him to work exclusively as a landscape painter. After nine months he returned to Berne, where his landscape views became popular, particularly with foreign travellers, enamoured of ‘Nature’ and keen to retain souvenirs of their travels. He was one of the first artists to portray the beauties of the Swiss countryside; his favourite subjects were the Aare Valley and views of Swiss lakes (e.g. View of Erlach on the Lake of Biel; Berne, Kstmus.). He invented a technique known as the ...

Article

Jens Peter Munk

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests and include history paintings as well as literary and mythological works. The variety of his subject-matter reflects his wide learning, a feature further evidenced by the broad range of his creative output. In addition to painting, he produced decorative work, sculpture and furniture designs, as well as being engaged as an architect. Successfully combining both intellectual and imaginative powers, he came to be fully appreciated only in the 1980s.

He studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen (1764–72), and in 1767 he assisted Johan Edvard Mandelberg (1730–86) in painting the domed hall of the Fredensborg Slot with scenes from the Homeric epic the Iliad. In 1772 he was granted a five-year travelling scholarship from the Kunstakademi to study in Rome. During his Roman sojourn he extensively copied works of art from the period of antiquity up to that of the Carracci family. His friendships with the Danish painter Jens Juel, the Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and the Swiss painter Johann Heinrich Fuseli placed him among artists who were in the mainstream of a widespread upheaval in European art. In these years Abildgaard developed both Neo-classical and Romantic tastes; his masterpiece of the period is ...

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Active in Lisbon at the beginning of the 18th century.

Died 1738, in Lisbon.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Abreu's works in Lisbon include the ceilings of the Menino de Deus church and the vestibule of the church of Nossa Senhora da Graça....

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active still in 1810.

Born 1757, in Mompelgard.

Draughtsman, architect.

He furnished proof of remarkable aptitude for drawing while very young, such that at 14 he was enrolled for the academy of fine arts in Stuttgart. He was a brilliant student, and on ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

S. Acton lived in London between 1791 and 1802 and exhibited at the Royal Academy.

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 3 July 1728, in Kirkcaldy (Fife); died 3 March 1792, in London.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, architect. Landscapes, architectural views, interiors, ruins. Decorative models.

Robert Adam was the son of William Adam, a well-known Scottish architect. He initially trained in his father's practice in partnership with his bothers, John and James. Examples of his early architectural work include Hopetoun House in Lothian (c. ...

Article

Swedish, 18th century, male.

Born 1716; died 1796.

Draughtsman, architect.

Stockholm, 19 May 1992: Designs for the decorations for a royal ceremony (watercolour and ink, 9 × 17¾ ins/22 × 45 cm) SEK 6,500

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milanc.1700.

Painter, engraver.

Essentially a portraitist, but also painted several emblematic subjects and architectural themes. His engravings include a series of plates representing Milan Cathedral that he signed in conjunction with the architect Carlo Butio.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milanc.1750.

Painter. Architectural views.

Paintings by Agrote feature in chapels at the Carmelite Church in Milan and the church of S Maria in Brescia; Carbori executed the figures in the latter.

Article

Polish, 18th century, male.

Active probably at the end of the 18th century.

Painter.

Karl Aigner was the brother of the architect Pierre Aigner and was sent by the King of Poland, Stanislaus August, to Rome in 1786 in order to perfect his painting skills. He successfully attended the city's art academy, but died a young man....

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 18th century.

Painter (porcelain), designer of ornamental architectural features.

Taken on by the Fürstenberg porcelain factory, he painted a certain number of dinner services (Brunswick, Kassel) with game and bird motifs.

Brunswick (Herzog Anton Ulrich-Mus.)...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in 1736.

Born in Piedmont.

Painter.

An architect known above all for his ornamental work in theatres.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 24 July 1742, in Bedano; died 15 or 16 November 1839, in Milan.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, draughtsman.

Studied initially at an atelier of sculpture in Parma, then at the academy there and in Rome. His fame as a designer of ornamental features spread rapidly and he was appointed to teach at the Milan academy in ...

Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in St Petersburg; died 1824, in St Petersburg.

Painter, watercolourist. Urban landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes. Stage sets (?).

The son of a retired soldier employed as a custodian at the fine arts academy in St Petersburg, Alekseev trained there ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Born 1665; died 1751.

Painter.

Architect and occasional painter.

Article

Janet Cooksey

In 

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1644, in Paris, in 1653 according to Larousse Dictionary; died 1736, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman. Mythological subjects, landscapes, landscapes with figures, architectural views.

Étienne Allegrain's career is known only from 1688, when he painted views of the park at Versailles for the Trianon gallery. He was still employed by the king in ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1679, in Paris; died February 1748, in Paris.

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views.

Gabriel's father Étienne was his only teacher, passing on both his good and bad qualities. He exhibited at the Salon de Paris from 1737 to 1747...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Active in England.

Architectural draughtsman.

Thomas Allin, an English draftsman, probably of the eighteenth century, is credited with originals for engravings by Thorpe ( Church of St Anne) and Toms ( View of St Paul's Church, Deptford).

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1670, in Paris; died 2 February 1751, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman.

Gilles Allou, a member of a Beauvais family, married in 1702; the marriage certificate describes him as a painter and architect. In 1711 he became a member of the Académie, on presentation of portraits of ...