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Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1898, in Kuortane; died 11 May 1976, in Helsinki.

Architect, designer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Models (furniture/glass).

Alvar Aalto was adamant that his experience as a painter was an indispensable adjunct to his profession as an architect, noting repeatedly that modern architecture had its roots in painting. As an architecture student, he took private lessons with the Finnish painter Eero Järnefelt. He moved in artistic circles and was frequently to be found in the company of the sculptor Wäinö Altonen and the painters Henry Ericsson and Eemu Myntti. For a period, he also worked as an art critic....

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Naplesc.1640.

Painter. Architectural views. Decorative schemes.

Neapolitan School.

Reputed as a skilful decorator and architectural painter, Acquarelli worked predominantly in church, palazzo and theatre decoration, frequently in co-operation with Scoppa.

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Bologna; died after 1678.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects, architectural views, perspectives, landscapes. Church decoration.

Studied initially under Bernardino Baldi, then Calvaert, following whose death in 1619 Ambrogi spent years studying with Francesco Brizio (from whom he takes his sobriquet Menichino del Brizio). Ambrogi quickly made a reputation for himself as a painter of frescoes and oils, not least in his depiction of landscape, architecture and perspective. The Uffizi in Florence houses two of his religious landscapes; his ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born c. 1950.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, lithographer. Figures, interiors with figures. Wall decorations.

Dominique Andrier studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1970 to 1975. She has mostly painted since 1976. Since 1988, she has devoted herself to figurative painting, notably of women in their daily occupations, especially at their toilette....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1628, in Eu (Seine-Maritime); died 18 June 1708, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer, architect. Ornaments.

Guillaume Anguier, a brother of the well-known sculptors Michel and François, was one of the artists employed on Colbert's orders in the Gobelins factory. He was granted the title of 'king's painter' and worked on the decoration of the great staircase at the Louvre and of the châteaux of St-Germain-en-Laye and Versailles. He was also an architect....

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 19th century, in Madrid.

Painter, decorative designer, architect.

Arraez was a pupil at the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid. In 1848 he restored some parts of the Alhambra in Granada and from 1858 to 1862 he exhibited in Madrid several plans and designs suggesting the influence of Arabic art....

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born February 1903, in Tunis; died 24 January 1978, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, designer, poster artist. Wall decorations, stage costumes and sets, furniture, advertising art.

Art et Lumière.

Félix Tahar Marie Aublet was the son of the Orientalist painter Albert Aublet. He was brought up both in Neuilly, France, and in a Moorish palace in Tunis, where the family spent six months of the year. His second forename, Tahar, means 'blessed one' in Arabic. In ...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 28 May 1658, in Lyons; died 27 May 1734, in Paris.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features. Wall decorations.

Claude III was the son, and the student, of Germain Audran. He was also taught by his uncle, Claude II, and Gérard Audran. He worked mostly on the decoration of royal residences, carrying out extensive work at the Châteaux of Meudon, La Muette, and Marly, and at the Menagerie at the Château of Versailles. He played an important part in the creation of the 18th-century ornamental style, which features a combination of figures, grotesques, leaves, symbols, arabesques and flowers. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 September 1890, in Anthony; died 1978.

Draughtsman, decorative designer, designer.

Eric Bagge sought in his work to combine architecture and decoration, and took a keen interest in different artistic techniques. He designed, sometimes in collaboration with Bernard Huguet, suites of furniture, china collections and carpets. With the stained glass maker Gaëtan Jeannin, he designed a window ...

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Active in Lisbon.

Born 1725 or 1726; died 1785.

Painter, decorative artist. Architectural views.

Baptista, a pupil of Thomas Gomès, worked on the ceiling of the Carmelite chapel and, in collaboration with Laurenço da Cunha, on the Bairro-Alto theatre.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Born to a family originally from Parma.

Architect, painter.

Studied under Bibiena. He was the architect and decorator of the Ducal Theatre in Milan (subsequently destroyed by fire). According to Zani, Barbieri was still alive in 1740.

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1920 active in Germany, and from 1946 in the USA.

Born 5 April 1900, in Haag (Lower Austria); died 15 August 1985, in Santa Barbara (California), USA.

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, designer, decorative designer, architect.

In 1919 Bayer studied under the architect Georg Schmidthammer in Linz, and in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1946, in Brussels.

Painter, designer. Landscapes, architectural interiors. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics.

In her early career Bébelle painted in a naive style, but gradually evolved an intimate style depicting nature and house interiors. She works in pastels, gouache, watercolours, drawings and oils. She has become a designer of international repute, creating fabrics fashions, furnishing fabrics, wallpapers tiles and household linen....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744; died 1818.

Watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer, designer of ornamental architectural features. Architectural interiors, architectural views.

London, 25 June 1981: Interior Section of the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of Saturn and the Temple of Priapus (pen and wash...

Article

Peyton Skipwith

(b London, April 14, 1863; d London, Nov 27, 1933).

English decorative artist and painter. He was articled to an architect and studied at Westminster School of Art under Frederick Brown and at the Royal Academy Schools. Later he worked in the studio of Aimé Morot in Paris and travelled to Italy. Bell belonged to the group of artist–craftsmen who brought about the last flowering of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. He painted in oil and watercolour and was among the pioneers of the revival of the use of tempera. He was an illustrator and also worked in stained glass and mosaic. He is best known for a series of bas-reliefs in coloured plaster, a group of which was used in the interior decoration at Le Bois de Moutiers, a house in Varengeville, Normandy, designed by Edwin Lutyens in 1898. Bell’s understanding of early Italian art underpinned his work in mosaic, a medium he used to great effect in three public commissions in London: the ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active in Rome during the second half of the 17th century.

Died 1715.

Painter. Architectural views. Decorative schemes.

School of Rome.

Worked under the direction of Carlo Maratti on the decoration of the loggia in the Farnesine in Rome. He is also the author of a painting of an architectural subject preserved in a chapel of the church of S Maria degli Angeli in Rome....