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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Troyes.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist.

Hélène Agofroy lives and works in Paris. The origins of Hélène Agofroy's sculptures can be found in the paintings of the Quattrocento. She is interested in the positioning of objects in Italian frescoes and paintings. She studies their multiple perspectival effects, then incorporates them into her sculpture. From common elements, such as wood, plaster and resin, Agofroy builds light, open worked sculptures of complex geometric design. They invoke overturned hulls, light cradles, or, as in ...

Article

Aurélie Verdier

(b Saïda, Algeria, 1953).

French painter, sculptor, photographer, film maker, writer and installation artist of Algerian birth. Born to Spanish parents, he was much affected by North African as well as Southern European culture. He trained at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre. Despite a pervasive and diverse use of media, Alberola often stressed the coexistence of his different artistic practices as leading to painting alone. His paintings relied heavily on evocative narratives, at once personal and ‘historical’. Alberola conceived of his role as a storyteller, on the model of African oral cultures. Convinced that narratives could not be renewed, he argued that a painter’s main task was to reactivate his work through contact with his pictorial heritage. The main points of reference for his paintings of the early 1980s were Velázquez, Manet or Matisse, whose works he quoted in a personal way. In the early 1980s he undertook a series of paintings inspired by mythological subjects, which he combined with his own history as the principal subject-matter of his work. The biblical story of Susannah and the Elders as well as the Greek myth of Actaeon provided his most enduring subjects, both referring to the act of looking as taboo, as in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Montreal.

Born 8 February 1947, in Quebec.

Installation artist, sculptor, draughtswoman, photographer.

Jocelyne Alloucherie studied at the Visual Arts School at the University of Laval in Quebec and at the University of Concordia in Montreal. In 2002 she was awarded the Prix Paul-Émile Borduas for her contribution to the cultural life of Quebec....

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Mexico.

Born 1959, in Antwerp.

Painter, draughtsman, video artist, photographer, installation artist.

Francis Alÿs is of Belgian origin but has lived in Mexico since 1986. He trained as an architect at the Instituto Universitario di Architettura in Venice....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Merseyside.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, installation artist. Wordscapes, film. Artist’s books. Artist’s multiples..

Fiona Banner has a BA in Fine Art from Kingston Polytechnic in London, and an MA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths College in London. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1944, in Rheinsberg, originally from East Berlin.

Installation artist, film producer, photographer, draughtsman.

Lothar Baumgarten lives and works in Düsseldorf, where he studied at the Kunstakademie under Joseph Beuys, and in New York. His work allies him with Marcel Broodthaers and Josef Beuys. He tackles exhibition venues and cultural venues and events with works in situ that subvert their meaning, but also films, photos and books. Baumgarten has a particular interest in the history of colonial and cultural conquests; these subjects are explored in a way that is sometimes close to straightforward reportage....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 November 1963, in Argenteuil.

Painter, installation artist, video artist.

Stéphane Belzère studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1984 to 1989. From 1991 to 1993, he lived in Berlin, and he works in both Paris and Berlin....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Los Angeles since 1997.

Born 1964, in Grenoble.

Painter, video artist. Designs for stained glass.

Carole Benzaken was a student in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués, and then studied under Kermarrec and Cueco at the École des Beaux-Arts. She won a prize for painting at the École des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century.

Born 1960.

Draughtsman, photographer, video artist.

Since 1991, Alain Bernardini has made photographs, drawings and videos in public parks, focusing on walkers, gardeners and park maintenance facilities.

Since 1992, he has shown his work in several group exhibitions, including; 1996, Collections from France...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, installation artist, video installation artist.

Bismuth lives and works in London.

Having analysed ciphers for a long time (forenames, dialects, logos), he took up the phenomena of sound, image and text in the 1990s, taking his inspiration from the cinema. With ...

Article

Andreas Franzke

revised by Jean Robertson

(b Paris, Sept 6, 1944).

French sculptor, photographer, painter, film maker and installation artist. Self-taught (Boltanski stopped attending school at the age of 12), he began painting in 1958 but first came to public attention in the late 1960s with short avant-garde films and with the publication of notebooks in which he came to terms with his childhood. Boltanski grew up in Paris in the aftermath of World War II. During the Nazi occupation of Paris, his Jewish father hid in a secret room, only emerging after the liberation of Paris, which coincided with Christian’s birth. The combination in Boltanski’s works of real and fictional evidence of his and other people’s existence has remained central to his art throughout his career, as has his interest in mortality and in the operations of memory and forms of remembrance. In the 1970s he experimented inventively with the production of objects made of clay and from unusual materials such as sugar and gauze dressings. These works, some of them entitled ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Fluxus.

Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1965, in Wilmington (Ohio).

Draughtswoman, photographer, installation artist.

Andrea Bowers lives and works in California where she also teaches in the Department of Studio Art at the University of California, Irvine. Bowers graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from Bowling Green State University in Ohio in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1962, in London.

Painter, draughtswoman, photographer, multimedia artist, installation artist.

Sonia Boyce studied art at East Ham College and the Stourbridge College of Art until 1983. Her work is informed by her experience as a black woman growing up and living in a white society, and addresses the themes of race, gender, religion, private and collective experience and cultural stereotyping. She came to prominence in the 1980s with her figurative works in chalk, pastel, charcoal and watercolour and digital and laser photographs. Since the late 1990s she has explored the potential of new media technologies for artistic expression. This has resulted in what she refers to as 'improvisational collaborations' involving other artists and audience participation. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Jersey City.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, photographer.

Troy Brauntuch gained a Bachelor's degree in Fine Arts at the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia (California) in 1995. He taught for a time at the Columbia University School of Arts in New York, and since ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Kapellen.

Painter, draughtsman, photographer, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

Bruyninckx trained at the Institut de St Luc in Brussels. He takes basic elements from nature, a blade of grass, for example, and produces multiple representations in drawings, paintings, photographs, video and other media....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century.

Born 1961, in Lyons.

Draughtsman, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Alain Bublex trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Mâcon, then at the École Supérieure de Design Industriel in Paris. For a few years, he worked as an industrial designer for the car makers Renault. His job as a designer had a strong influence on his early works: ...